List of Apostolic Nuncios to China
|Apostolic Nunciature to the Republic of China (Taiwan)
|Nuntiatura Apostolica in Sinis|
|Former names||Apostolic Internunciature to the Republic of China (Taiwan) (English)
Internuntiatura Apostolica in Sinis(Latin)
|Alternative names||Holy See Embassy in Taipei|
|Location||Taipei, Republic of China (Taiwan)|
|Address||7-1, Lane 265, Heping East Road Section 2, Daan District|
|Current tenants||Chargé d'affaires of the Apostolic Nunciature to China|
The Apostolic Nuncio to China is the diplomatic representative of the Apostolic Nunciature of the Holy See, a diplomatic mission of the Holy See to the industrialized developed country Republic of China (Taiwan), now commonly known to most of the world as Taiwan, which as far as the Vatican is concerned, is the state of "China". Due to this difference in diplomatic recognition of "China", unlike most of other countries who recognize the People's Republic of China (PRC) as "China" and whose embassies are located in Beijing, People's Republic of China (PRC), the "Apostolic Nuncio to China" is located in Taipei, Republic of China (Taiwan).
The rank of a nuncio is equivalent to that of an ambassador. The post is currently vacant and is represented by a chargé d'affaires. The office of the nunciature is located at 7-1, Lane 265, Heping East Road Section 2, Daan District, Taipei.
Efforts by both the Catholic Church and the Chinese government to establish direct contact began in the late Qing Dynasty. Direct contact would break the restrictions from the Protectorate of missions of France. The Catholic Church responded to a request by Li Hongzhang of the Qing Empire on 3 May 1870, and established diplomatic ties. The church sent Archbishop Antonio Agliardi to China in early August as plenipotentiary with regard to diplomatic affairs. In July 1918, the Holy See and the Beiyang Government of the Republic of China agreed to send Giuseppe Petrelli and Dai Chenlin as their respective diplomats. However, this did not succeed due to objections from France.
Relations between the Republic of China (Taiwan) and the Holy See strengthened in 1922 when Celso Benigno Luigi Costantini was appointed as an Apostolic Delegate to China, although he had no diplomatic status. Official diplomatic ties were established in 1946 when Antonio Riberi assumed office as Apostolic Internuncio to China.
In 1951 Riberi left mainland China following the relocation of the Government of the Republic of China to Taiwan. In 1966 the Apostolic Internunciature in China was upgraded to an Apostolic Nunciature. Since then, the Apostolic Nunciature to China sits at Taipei, Taiwan. Giuseppe Caprio became the first Apostolic Pro-Nuncio to China.
On 25 October 1971 the United Nations General Assembly passed a resolution recognizing Mainland China as sole representative of China, and the Holy See recalled the Apostolic Nuncio. Since that time, diplomatic affairs have been administered by chargés d'affaires.
Not recognising the existence of Two Chinas, the Apostolic Nunciature to China is nominally in charge of the affairs of the Roman Catholic Church in Taiwan and mainland China, as part of the Republic of China.
Apostolic Delegates to China (1922–1946)
|Name||Name in Chinese||Nationality||Assumed office||Left office|
|Celso Benigno Luigi Costantini||剛恆毅 Gāng Héngyì||Italy||12 August 1922||1933|
|Mario Zanin||蔡寧 Cài Níng||Italy||7 January 1934||1946|
Apostolic Internuncios to China (1946–1966)
|Name||Name in Chinese||Nationality||Assumed office||Presentation
|Antonio Riberi||黎培理 Lí Péilǐ||Monaco||6 July 1946||28 December 1946||1951|
|The Apostolic Nunciature to China was relocated to Taiwan in 1952 after the People's Republic of China broke off diplomatic ties with the Holy See.|
|Giuseppe Caprio||高理耀 Gāo Lǐyào||Italy||20 May 1959||29 October 1959||24 December 1966|
Apostolic Nuncios to China (1966–present)
|Name||Name in Chinese||Nationality||Assumed office||Presentation
|Left office||Diplomatic title|
|Giuseppe Caprio||高理耀 Gāo Lǐyào||Italy||24 December 1966||30 January 1967||22 August 1967||Apostolic Pro-Nuncio|
|Luigi Accogli||艾可儀 Ài Kěyí||Italy||16 October 1967||23 December 1967||29 September 1970|
|Edward Idris Cassidy||葛錫迪 Gé Xīdí||Australia||27 October 1970||5 December 1970||25 October 1971|
|The post has been vacant since 25 October 1971, when the nuncio was recalled by the Holy See from Taiwan and represented by chargés d'affaires.|
|Name||Name in Chinese||Nationality||Assumed office||Left Office|
|Francesco Colasuonno||高樂天 Gāo Lètiān||Italy||2 August 1972||1974|
|Thomas A. White||陶懷德 Táo Huáidé||Ireland||1974||1978|
|Paolo Giglio||吉立友 Jí Lìyǒu||Malta||12 July 1978||1986|
|Piero Biggio||畢齊樂 Bì Qílè||Italy||6 April 1986||1988|
|Adriano Bernardini||裴納德 Péi Nàdé||Italy||17 January 1989||1992|
|Juliusz Janusz||尤雅士 Yóu Yǎshì||Poland||25 August 1992||1995|
|Joseph Chennoth||車納德 Chē Nàdé||India||26 April 1995||1999|
|Adolfo Tito Yllana||易福霖 Yì Fúlín||Philippines||20 September 1999||6 January 2002|
|James Patrick Green||格霖澤 Gé Línzé||United States||18 January 2002||2003|
|Ambrose Madtha||安博思 Ān Bósī||India||11 February 2003||8 May 2008|
|Paul Fitzpatrick Russell||陸思道 Lù Sīdào||United States||8 May 2008|||
- China–Holy See relations
- Foreign relations of Taiwan
- Foreign relations of China
- Foreign relations of the Holy See
- Holy See–Taiwan relations
- List of diplomatic missions of the Holy See
- List of heads of the diplomatic missions of the Holy See
- Republic of China Ambassador to the Holy See (Chinese)
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- 教廷新任駐華大使高理耀呈送國書副本 [The new Apostolic Nuncio Giuseppe Caprio presents his credentials]. 中央社 潘月康 (in Chinese). 國家文化資料庫. 1967-01-30.
- 教廷新任駐華大使葛錫迪呈遞國書 [The new Apostolic Nuncio Edward Cassidy presents his credentials]. 中華民國新聞 (in Chinese). Presidential Office Building, Taipei, Taiwan: 台灣電影文化公司 (published December 1970). 1970-12-05.
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- Appointed nuncio to Turkey in 2016. See: List of Catholic bishops of the United States #American bishops serving outside the United States.