List of diplomatic missions of the Holy See
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This is a list of diplomatic missions of the Holy See. Since the fifth century, long before the founding of the Vatican City State in 1929, papal envoys (now known as nuncios) have represented the Holy See to foreign potentates. Additionally, papal representatives known not as nuncios but as apostolic delegates ensure contact between the Holy See and the Catholic Church in countries that do not have diplomatic relations with the Holy See.
At present, there is one residential apostolic delegate, for Jerusalem and Palestine, as well as non-residential ones for five countries (Brunei, Laos, Mauritania, Somalia, and Vietnam) and for the territories and countries without diplomatic relations in three regions (Arabian Peninsula, the Caribbean, the Pacific Ocean). The head of the apostolic delegation for Vietnam is described in the Annuario Pontificio not as an apostolic delegate but generically as a papal representative. In keeping with the "one China" policy, no representative, whether nuncio or apostolic delegate, is appointed for mainland China, and the Holy See is represented in Taipei by an apostolic nunciature, headed not by a nuncio, but only by a chargé d'affaires. Many countries, such as the United States, for which apostolic delegates were once appointed, now have nuncios.
In addition to the countries mentioned above as having apostolic delegations, the following nations do not have diplomatic relations with the Holy See: Afghanistan, Bhutan, People's Republic of China, North Korea, Oman, Saudi Arabia, and Tuvalu.
In most respects the status of the diplomatic missions of the Holy See are identical with those of other countries, with the exception of the nomenclature: apostolic nuncios have ambassadorial rank and apostolic nunciatures are ranked as embassies. However, in most countries of central and western Europe and of central and southern America, as well as in a few countries elsewhere, the nuncio is granted precedence over other ambassadors and is dean of the diplomatic corps from the moment he presents his credentials. The Holy See, which does not issue visas, does not have consulates.
Apostolic delegates and their missions do not have diplomatic status as nuncios and nunciatures do.
In countries that allow it, the apostolic nunciature is sometimes, though rarely, located outside the capital, perhaps in towns with particularly important religious connections, such as the village of Rabat in Malta, the site of Saint Paul's grotto, and Harissa in Lebanon where Maronite, Greek Orthodox and Melkite Greek Catholic Church authorities are located. In other countries that is not permitted: when India opened diplomatic relations with the Holy See, the apostolic delegation moved from Bangalore to the capital, New Delhi; and in Australia the mission moved from Sydney to Canberra. In Israel, the nunciature is located in Tel Aviv.
Listed below are the Holy See's apostolic nunciatures, apostolic delegations, and observer or representative missions to international governmental organizations — such as the United Nations, the Council of Europe and the Arab League.
- Cotonou (Apostolic Nunciature)
- Burkina Faso
- Central African Republic
- Bangui (Apostolic Nunciature)
- Republic of the Congo
- Brazzaville (Apostolic Nunciature)
- Democratic Republic of the Congo
- Kinshasa (Apostolic Nunciature)
- Conakry (Apostolic Nunciature)
- Ivory Coast
- Rabat (Apostolic Nunciature)
- Maputo (Apostolic Nunciature)
- Dakar (Apostolic Nunciature)
- South Africa
- South Sudan
- Costa Rica
- Dominican Republic
- Santo Domingo (Apostolic Nunciature)
- El Salvador
- San Salvador (Apostolic Nunciature)
- Tegucigalpa (Apostolic Nunciature)
- Managua (Apostolic Nunciature)
- Panama City (Apostolic Nunciature)
- Asunción (Apostolic Nunciature)
- Trinidad and Tobago
- Port of Spain (Apostolic Nunciature)
- United States
- Republic of China
- Nur-Sultan (Apostolic Nunciature)
- Bishkek (Apostolic Nunciature)
- Islamabad (Apostolic Nunciature)
- Singapore (Apostolic Nunciature)
- South Korea
- Seoul (Apostolic Nunciature)
- Sri Lanka
- Damascus (Apostolic Nunciature)
- Ashgabat (Apostolic Nunciature)
- Tashkent (Apostolic Nunciature)
- Bosnia and Herzegovina
- Czech Republic
- Great Britain[a]
- Belgrade (Apostolic Nunciature)
- Bratislava (Apostolic Nunciature)
- Stockholm (Apostolic Nunciature)
- Strasbourg (Permanent Observer)
Nunciatures that have ceased to exist
The following nunciatures are among those that have ceased to exist:
- Apostolic Nunciature to Bavaria
- Apostolic Nunciature to Cologne
- Apostolic Nunciature to Czechoslovakia
- Apostolic Nunciature to Florence
- Apostolic Nunciature to Gratz
- Apostolic Nunciature to the Emperor
- Apostolic Nunciature to Naples
- Apostolic Nunciature to Prussia
- Apostolic Nunciature to Savoy
- Apostolic Nunciature to Venice
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Apostolic nunciatures.|
- Apostolic Nunciature
- Foreign relations of the Holy See
- Holy See and the United Nations
- Index of Vatican City-related articles
- Legal status of the Holy See
- List of heads of the diplomatic missions of the Holy See
- Annuario Pontificio 2012 (Libreria Editrice Vaticana 2012 ISBN 978-88-209-8722-0), p. 1330
- Magister, Sandro (21 August 2007). "Mission Impossible: Eject the Holy See from the United Nations". La Repubblica. Retrieved 14 June 2018.
- Pages 1343–1372 of the 2007 edition (ISBN 978-88-209-7908-9)
- "Holy See and Republic of South Sudan Establish Diplomatic Ties". Vatican Information Service. 22 February 2013. Retrieved 22 February 2013.
- "American archbishop appointed nuncio to Great Britain". Catholic Herald. 10 April 2017. Retrieved 24 October 2017.
... has been appointed the Holy See’s ambassador to Great Britain.
- "Rinunce e Nomine, 08.04.2017" (Press release) (in Italian). Holy See Press Office. 8 April 2017. Retrieved 14 June 2018.
Il Santo Padre ha nominato Nunzio Apostolico in Gran Bretagna...