List of diplomatic missions of the Holy See

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Countries hosting diplomatic missions of the Holy See
Coat of arms Holy See.svg
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
the Holy See
Flag of the Vatican City.svg Vatican City portal
046CupolaSPietro.jpg Catholicism portal

This is a list of diplomatic missions of the Holy See. Since the fifth century, long before the founding of the Vatican City State in 1929, papal envoys (now known as nuncios) have represented the Holy See to foreign potentates. Additionally, papal representatives known not as nuncios but as apostolic delegates ensure contact between the Holy See and the Catholic Church in countries that do not have diplomatic relations with the Holy See.

At present, there is one residential apostolic delegate, for Jerusalem and Palestine, as well as non-residential ones for five countries (Brunei, Laos, Mauritania, Somalia, and Vietnam) and for the territories and countries without diplomatic relations in three regions (Arabian Peninsula, the Caribbean, the Pacific Ocean). The head of the apostolic delegation for Vietnam is described in the Annuario Pontificio not as an apostolic delegate but generically as a papal representative.[1] In keeping with the "one China" policy, no representative, whether nuncio or apostolic delegate, is appointed for mainland China, and the Holy See is represented in Taipei by an apostolic nunciature, headed not by a nuncio, but only by a chargé d'affaires. Many countries, such as the United States, for which apostolic delegates were once appointed, now have nuncios.

In addition to the countries mentioned above as having apostolic delegations, the following nations do not have diplomatic relations with the Holy See: Afghanistan, Bhutan, People's Republic of China, North Korea, Oman, Saudi Arabia, and Tuvalu.[2]


In most respects the status of the diplomatic missions of the Holy See are identical with those of other countries, with the exception of the nomenclature: apostolic nuncios have ambassadorial rank and apostolic nunciatures are ranked as embassies. However, in most countries of central and western Europe and of central and southern America, as well as in a few countries elsewhere, the nuncio is granted precedence over other ambassadors and is dean of the diplomatic corps from the moment he presents his credentials. The Holy See, which does not issue visas, does not have consulates.

Apostolic delegates and their missions do not have diplomatic status.

In countries where that is permitted, the apostolic nunciature is sometimes, though rarely, located outside the capital, perhaps in towns with particularly important religious connections, such as the village of Rabat in Malta where Saint Paul's grotto exists, and Harissa in Lebanon where Maronite, Greek Orthodox and Melkite Greek Catholic Church authorities are located. In other countries that is not permitted: when India opened diplomatic relations with the Holy See, what until that moment was an apostolic delegation moved from Bangalore to the capital, New Delhi; and in Australia the mission moved from Sydney to Canberra.

Listed below are the Holy See's apostolic nunciatures, apostolic delegations, and observer or representative missions to international governmental organizations — such as the United Nations, the Council of Europe and the Arab League — with the names of the head officials, postal and e-mail addresses, telephone numbers etc., in the Annuario Pontificio.[3]


Apostolic Nunciature in Berlin
Apostolic Nunciature in Bern
Apostolic Nunciature in Bogotá
Apostolic Nunciature in Brasília
Apostolic Nunciature in Buenos Aires
Apostolic Nunciature in Canberra
Apostolic Nunciature in Kiev
Apostolic Nunciature in Montevideo
Apostolic Nunciature in Moscow
Apostolic Nunciature in Ottawa
Apostolic Nunciature in Paris
Apostolic Nunciature in Prague
Apostolic Nunciature in Pretoria
Apostolic Nunciature in Seoul
Apostolic Nunciature in Sofia
Apostolic Nunciature in Taipei
Apostolic Nunciature in Tirana
Apostolic Nunciature in Vienna
Apostolic Nunciature in Warsaw
Apostolic Nunciature in Washington, DC





Multilateral organisations[edit]

See also[edit]



  1. ^ Annuario Pontificio 2012 (Libreria Editrice Vaticana 2012 ISBN 978-88-209-8722-0), p. 1330
  2. ^ [1].
  3. ^ Pages 1343–1372 of the 2007 edition (ISBN 978-88-209-7908-9)
  4. ^ "Holy See and Republic of South Sudan Establish Diplomatic Ties". Vatican Information Service. 2013-02-22. Retrieved 2013-02-22. 
  5. ^ See: Category:Apostolic Nuncios to Turkey.
  6. ^ See: Greece–Holy See relations.

External links[edit]