Arakan, Cotabato

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Official seal of Arakan
Location in Cotabato
Location in Cotabato
Arakan is located in Philippines
Location within the Philippines
Coordinates: 7°21′N 125°08′E / 7.35°N 125.13°E / 7.35; 125.13Coordinates: 7°21′N 125°08′E / 7.35°N 125.13°E / 7.35; 125.13
Country Philippines
Province Cotabato
District 2nd District of Cotabato
Incorporated August 30, 1991
Barangays 28
 • Mayor Rene V. Rubino Sr.
 • Vice Mayor Jenefier Anarna-Pangilinan
 • Total 693.22 km2 (267.65 sq mi)
Population (2015 census)[3]
 • Total 48,228
 • Density 70/km2 (180/sq mi)
Time zone PST (UTC+8)
ZIP code 9417
IDD:area code +63 (0)64
Income class 2nd municipal income class
PSGC 124718000
Electorate 25,054 voters (2016)
Language(s) Manobo(official), Cebuano, Hiligaynon, Ilocano

Arakan is a second class municipality in the province of Cotabato, Philippines. According to the 2015 census, it has a population of 48,228 people.[3]


The word Arakan is derived from the Manobo term “ara” which means abundance of natural resources in the valley and “kan” which means heroism, bravery and valor of the early Manobo leaders and settlers of the area. The word “arakan” then was named referring to one of the rivers of the valley.[4] Arakan is basically a territory of a number of ethno-linguistic groups, predominantly of the Manobo-Kulamanon and Manobo-Tinananon tribes. The names of the two (2) big rivers in Arakan were also from these ethnic groups of the Kulaman and Tinanan Rivers. The original settlers of the place are the Manobos, which were believed to have originally come from the string of islands in the Malayan Peninsula and Borneo. This assumption is based on their language structure which has Malayan roots.

Throughout the years, they maintained contacts and inter-marriages with other tribes such as Matigsalogs and other lesser Bagobo tribes. The early migrant settlers from Visayas came in as early as the 1930s. Massive clearing of the forest areas became the order of these years for agricultural and settlement purposes. Due to these activities, the Manobos were forced to settle in the inner portions away from those areas occupied by the Bisayans. They were pushed further still and they permanently inhabited the highlands of the valley to avoid social and cultural interactions with the migrant Bisayans.

Early attempts to fully develop Arakan dated back in the 70’s when the late Mayor Froilan Matas of the Municipality of Magpet (mother municipality of Arakan) unified his efforts with the Sangguniang Bayan, which was ably supported by the barangay leaders, and its populace led by Greenfield (now Poblacion) Barangay Chairman Aproniano A. Ebon, Sr. through a resolution strongly manifesting its support to the creation of a separate municipality of Arakan. In 1972, a more unified attempts to create the municipality by the provincial leadership has led the passing of House Bill No. 4805 sponsored by the then Assemblyman Salipada K. Pendatun. The declaration of martial law in the same year deterred its creation. This did not however, dampen the hope of the great leaders of Magpet.

The EDSA Revolution that took place in 1986 paved way to another attempt of the creation of a separate and new municipality through the collaborative efforts of the municipal government of Magpet spearheaded by then Vice Mayor Aproniano A. Ebon, Sr., the provincial leadership headed by then Governor Rosario P. Diaz, M.D. and the most especially by the passage of a house bill sponsored by Congressman Gregorio A. Andolana of the Second District of Cotabato Province.

After five years, the Municipality of Arakan was finally created by virtue of Republic Act No. 7152, approved by President Corazon C. Aquino on August 30, 1991.[5] Under the provision of the Act, it had to elect its new officials in local election on May 11, 1992. The then Vice Mayor Ebon overwhelmingly got the mandate as the first Municipal Mayor, while David B. Figura, Sr. was the first Vice Mayor. Honorable Ebon spent three terms as municipal mayor, as did David B. Figura, Sr. (who died before his last term ended).


Arakan is politically subdivided into 28 barangays.[2]

  • Allab
  • Anapolon
  • Badiangon
  • Binoongan
  • Dallag
  • Datu Ladayon
  • Datu Matangkil
  • Doroluman
  • Gambodes
  • Ganatan
  • Greenfield
  • Kabalantian
  • Katipunan
  • Kinawayan
  • Kulaman Valley
  • Lanao Kuran
  • Libertad
  • Makalangot
  • Malibatuan
  • Maria Caridad
  • Meocan
  • Naje
  • Napalico
  • Salasang
  • San Miguel
  • Santo Niño
  • Sumalili
  • Tumanding


Population census of Arakan
Year Pop. ±% p.a.
1990 26,576 —    
1995 27,554 +0.68%
2000 34,588 +4.99%
2007 38,717 +1.57%
2010 43,554 +4.38%
2015 48,228 +1.96%
Source: Philippine Statistics Authority[3][6]

In the 2015 census, the population of Arakan, Cotabato, was 48,228 people,[3] with a density of 70 inhabitants per square kilometre or 180 inhabitants per square mile.

Tourist attractions[edit]

  • The 3 kilometres (1.9 mi) long Epol River, in Brgy. Gambodes, has 6 series of waterfalls and river pools.
  • The 100 metres (330 ft) high Matigol Falls, at Inamong, Brgy. Datu Ladayon, has a cave beside it.
  • The 4 hectares (9.9 acres) Lake Luningning, in Brgy. Ganatan,has a depth of 30 metres (98 ft) and an underground spring.
  • The Tinanan River, at Valencia, Sto. Niño, has 6 springs and two unexplored caves.
  • The church-like Gaem Cave, in Bagong Silang, Brgy. Gambodes, has an area of 900 square metres (9,700 sq ft) and a height of 10 metres (33 ft).
  • Cave and Park View, at Bukatol, Brgy. Kinawayan, is located between the boundaries of Cotabato and Bukidnon and Davao City. From the top of Mt. Sinaka the Arakan Valley Complex can be viewed.
  • The 500 hectares (1,200 acres) Forest Wildlife Park, at Sinai, Brgy. Salasang, is nestled with old trees and wild animals such as the Philippine Eagle, Kalaw, etc.
  • The 15 metres (49 ft) high, 5-tier Bokwan Falls (Upper Lombo, Brgy. Kabalantian)
  • The tunnel-like Evil Cave and Cold Spring (Formon/Natubalan, Brgy. Salasang)
  • The tunnel-like Nabuns Cave (Bagong Silang, Brgy. Gambodes)
  • The 50 metres (160 ft) high Nanilungan Falls (Brgy. Gambodes)

Local government[edit]

As of 2014 Gerardo Tuble Sr. is municipal mayor.

  • Vice-Mayor: Rene V. Rubino,
  • Councilors:
    • Aproniano A.Ebon Sr.,
    • Jenefier A. Pangilinan,
    • Luis Bunsuran,
    • Richard A. Gayatin,
    • Leonardo S. Reovoca,
    • Sumerado Ambato,
    • Josie V. Nasiluan,
    • Winnie P. Canario.


  1. ^ "Official City/Municipal 2013 Election Results". Intramuros, Manila, Philippines: Commission on Elections (COMELEC). 12 May 2014. Retrieved 3 June 2014. 
  2. ^ a b "Province: North Cotabato". PSGC Interactive. Quezon City, Philippines: Philippine Statistics Authority. Retrieved 12 November 2016. 
  3. ^ a b c d "Region XII (Soccsksargen)". Census of Population (2015): Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay (Report). PSA. Retrieved 20 June 2016. 
  4. ^[permanent dead link]
  5. ^ "Republic Act No. 7152; An Act Creating the Municipality of Arakan in the Province of Cotabato". Chan Robles Virtual Law Library. 30 August 1991. Retrieved 28 January 2016. 
  6. ^ "Region XII (Soccsksargen)". Census of Population and Housing (2010): Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay (Report). NSO. Retrieved 29 June 2016. 

External links[edit]