Kidapawan

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Kidapawan
Component City
Lungsod ng Kidapawan (City of Kidapawan)
City Hall
City Hall
Official Seal of Kidapawan City
Seal
Nickname(s): City of Fruits and Highland Springs; Spring in the Highlands; Second Fruit Basket of the Philippines; City at the Foot of Mt. Apo
Map of Cotabato with Kidapawan highlighted
Map of Cotabato with Kidapawan highlighted
Kidapawan is located in Philippines
Kidapawan
Kidapawan
Location within the Philippines
Coordinates: 7°01′N 125°05′E / 7.02°N 125.08°E / 7.02; 125.08Coordinates: 7°01′N 125°05′E / 7.02°N 125.08°E / 7.02; 125.08
Country Philippines
Region SOCCSKSARGEN (Region XII)
Province Cotabato
District 2nd District of Cotabato
Founded August 18, 1947
Cityhood February 12, 1998
Barangays 40
Government[1]
 • Mayor Joseph A. Evangelista
Area[2]
 • Total 358.47 km2 (138.41 sq mi)
Elevation 279 m (915 ft)
Population (2015 census)[3]
 • Total 140,195
 • Density 390/km2 (1,000/sq mi)
 • Languages Cebuano, Hiligaynon, Filipino, English
Demonym(s) Kidapaweño
Time zone PST (UTC+8)
ZIP code 9400
Dialing code +63 (0)64
Income class 3rd city income class
PSGC 124704000
Electorate 75,080 voters as of 2016
Website kidapawancity.gov.ph

Kidapawan, officially the City of Kidapawan (Cebuano: Dakbayan sa Kidapawan; Hiligaynon: Dakbanwa/Syudad sang Kidapawan; Filipino: Lungsod ng Kidapawan) or often referred to as simply Kidapawan City, is the capital city of Cotabato Province. According to the 2015 census, it has a population of 140,195 people.[3]

Located at the foot of Mount Apo, it is a popular destination from late October to December and in the summer, when thousands of tourists climb the country's highest mountain.

Etymology[edit]

The word Kidapawan comes from the words tida, which means "spring", and pawan, which means "highland".

History[edit]

The first settlers around Kidapawan were predominantly Manobos. The influx of Christian settlers from Luzon and the Visayas resulted in the evolution of the word from 'Tidapawan' to 'Kidapawan'. Aside from the Manobos and Christians, Kidapawan was also home to the most prominent Muslims, including a Sultan (Sultan Omar Kiram II) who was a descendant of Rajah Baguinda.

Kidapawan City was created by the Republic Act. No. 8500, signed by President Fidel V. Ramos on February 12, 1998, making it the first component city of Cotabato Province. The Act was ratified by a large majority by a plebiscite on March 21, 1998. It was originally named a district of Pikit.

In 1942, the Japanese Imperial forces entered Kidapawan. Three years later, local Filipino soldiers of the Philippine Commonwealth Army and Philippine Constabulary units and Moro guerrilla fighters taken to liberate Kidapawan fought the battles against the Japanese Imperial forces. Kidapawan was later declared a separate municipality by Executive Order No. 82 issued by President Manuel Roxas on August 18, 1947. It thus become the fourth town of the then Empire Province of Cotabato, composed previously of the municipalities of Cotabato (now Cotabato City), Dulawan (later named Datu Piang) and Midsayap.

Created along with the city were the twelve original barangays, namely: Birada, Ginatilan, Indangan, Linangcob, Luvimin, Manongol, Marbel, Mateo, Meohao, Mua-an, Perez, and Sibawan. From the original land area of 273, 262 hectares, Kidapawan retained only 34,007.20 hectares when four municipalities were created from it namely: Magpet (June 22, 1963, R.A. 3721), Matalam (Dec. 29, 1961, E.O. 461), M’lang (Aug. 3, 1951, E.O. 462) and President Roxas (May 8, 1967, R.A. 4869).

Prior to its conversion to a municipality, five appointed District Mayors had served Kidapawan. The first was Datu Siawan Ingkal, tribal chieftain of the Manobos, who headed the Civilian Emergency Administration when World War II broke out. He was followed by Felimon Blanco, Ceferino Villanueva, Jacinto Paclibar, and Alfonso Angeles Sr., who became the first elected mayor of the municipality.

Kidapawan became the provincial capital of Cotabato Province pursuant to Presidential Decree No. 341 dated 22 November 1973, with the provincial seat of government located in Amas. Later, Batas Pambansa No. 660 dated 19 December 1983 renamed the Province of North Cotabato to simply Cotabato. By the time it became the province capital, Kidapawan had already 40 barangays under its geopolitical jurisdiction.

Geography[edit]

Kidapawan is located at the foot of Mount Apo in the south-eastern section of Cotabato province, placed in the middle of other major cities of General Santos, Davao City, and Cagayan de Oro.

Climate[edit]

Kidapawan lies outside the typhoon belt and has a mild climate characterized by wet and dry seasons. The coldest months are December and January. The hottest are April and May.

Barangays[edit]

Kidapawan City is politically subdivided into 40 barangays.[2]

  • Amas
  • Amazion
  • Balabag
  • Balindog
  • Binoligan
  • Birada
  • Gayola
  • Ginatilan
  • Ilomavis
  • Indangan
  • Junction
  • Kalaisan
  • Kalasuyan
  • Katipunan
  • Lanao
  • Linangcob
  • Luvimin
  • Macebolig
  • Magsaysay
  • Malinan
  • Manongol
  • Marbel (Embac)
  • Mateo
  • Meohao
  • Mua-an
  • New Bohol
  • Nuangan
  • Onica
  • Paco
  • Patadon (Patadon East)
  • Perez
  • Poblacion
  • San Isidro
  • San Roque
  • Santo Niño
  • Sibawan
  • Sikitan
  • Singao
  • Sudapin
  • Sumbac

Demographics[edit]

Population census of Kidapawan
Year Pop. ±% p.a.
1995 87,758 —    
2000 101,205 +3.10%
2007 117,610 +2.09%
2010 125,447 +2.38%
2015 140,195 +2.14%
Source: Philippine Statistics Authority[3][4]

In the 2015 census, the population of Kidapawan was 140,195 people,[3] with a density of 390 inhabitants per square kilometre or 1,000 inhabitants per square mile.

In the 2010 census, the city had a total population of 125,447 people,[4] up 117,610 from in 2007. The religion is predominantly Christian, although there are many Muslims residing in the city as well. The main languages are Cebuano and Hiligaynon, while Tagalog and English are the secondary languages.

Cebuanos and Hiligaynons are the major ethnic groups in the city. Other ethnic groups residing in the area are the Ilocanos, Maguindanaons and Manobos. Cebuano is the most widely spoken language, especially in the city proper. English is considered as the medium of instruction in schools and other learning institutions; it is also predominantly used in major government agencies in their transactions and reports. Laws and ordinances in the city are all written in English. Most of the inhabitants can also speak Filipino.

Economy[edit]

Kidapawan City is classified as a 2nd-class component city in accordance to Department of Finance order No.23-08.[5][6] In 2006, it yielded an income of Php268.94 million, of which 73.8 percent constituted the Internal Revenue Allotment. Of its Php314.22 million total expenditures for the year, 25.9 percent were expended on economic services.

The City is considered as the province’s industrial hub. It plays a pivotal role in the economic development of the province and its adjacent areas. It is the commercial and trading hub of six neighboring municipalities. It lies at the heart of two large domestic markets: General Santos City, Davao City and Cotabato City.

Agriculture[edit]

The flower-cutting industry is a primary source of livelihood among Cotabateños, especially those residing in Kidapawan City. In addition to ornamental and forest tree seedlings, flowers such as roses, anthuriums and orchids are abundantly grown locally providing a very promising and highly profitable source of livelihood and business in the area.

Kidapawan is the second largest producer of fruit in the Philippines, after Davao City. Exotic fruits like durian, Mangosteen, lanzones, marang, singkamas, rambutan, banana, and the like are grown and harvested in abundance in the highlands of Mt. Apo, in rural communities of Kidapawan City, and also in small home plots.

Crops abundantly grown in the area include abaca, rubber, corn, rice, coconut, and vegetables.

Tourism[edit]

Mt. Apo
Lake Venado

Kidapawan City is the most well-known starting point for trekking on Mount Apo[7][8][9][10] which towers at 10,311 feet above sea level with a total area of 14.6 square meters. The country’s tallest peak is an abode to the almost extinct Philippine eagle.[11][12][13] The mountain is surrounded by moss-covered century-old-trees, a wide variety of flora and fauna, sulfur craters, and massive boulders. Within the Mt. Apo Natural Park is the Mandarangan Geological Site which is being promoted as a major educational tourism site. Lake Venado, hidden among the mountain ranges, stands at an elevation of 7,200 feet above sea level. Lake Agko is a steaming blue lake where hot and cold springs converge. It stands at an elevation of 4,200 feet above sea level.

Marbel Falls is a hidden twin waterfall of about 60 to 70 feet surrounded by hot springs. Mawig Falls is located in Barangay Balabag and is the source of the Matingao River.

To celebrate the abundance of the exotic fruits grown in Kidapawan City, the city government hold an annual festival in the month of August called Timpupu, the fruit festival. This festival, first held in 2002[14] celebrates the fruit harvest. The city purchases large quantities of local fruit which is laid out on tables along the streets for visitors and residents.[15] Dubbed “Timpupu” from the Manobo word “harvest”, the celebration signifies the people's thanksgiving for the bountiful harvest and richness of the exotic fruits that thrive in the area. Activities featured during the annual event include the Fruit Galore, Fruit Float Parade, Fruit Arrangement and Street Dancing Competition.

The Foundation Anniversary of the City of Kidapawan (February 12) is celebrated with parades, beauty contests, and traditional, non-lethal horse fights.

Transportation[edit]

Local public transportation is primarily served by almost 3,000 motor tricycles known as just "motor". Multicabs, and jeepney provide transportation to barangays and adjacent municipalities. Public Utility Vans also served routes to and from the cities of Davao, Cotabato, and Tacurong. Mindanao Star and Davao Metro Shuttle are the bus companies operating in the city. Nearest airport is the Davao International Airport.

Education[edit]

  • Southern Philippines Methodist Colleges, Inc.
  • Spottswood National High School
  • Marciano Mancera Memorial Elementary School
  • School For Life Montessori
  • Kidapawan Doctors College, Inc.[16]
  • Kidapawan City Pilot Elementary School SPED Center
  • Kidapawan City Pilot Elementary School
  • Kidapawan City National High School (City High)
  • ABC Educational Development Center
  • Felipe Suerte Memorial Elementary School
  • Central Mindanao Colleges
  • Colegio de Kidapawan[17]
  • Kidapawan Anchor Bay Bible School
  • Kidapawan Jireh Christian School
  • Kidapawan Southern Baptist Elementary School
  • Kidapawan Polytechnic College
  • Kidapawan Doctors College, Inc
  • North Point College of Arts and Technology
  • North Valley College Foundation
  • Notre Dame of Kidapawan College[18][19]
  • Read Data Access Computer College (RDACC)
  • Habitat Elementary School
  • St. Mary's Academy of Kidapawan (formerly Notre Dame of Kidapawan for Girls)[20][21][22][23]
  • University of Southern Mindanao - Kidapawan City Campus[24]
  • Kidapawan City SDA Elementary School
  • St. Louis Review Center (SLRC) - Kidapawan (Nursing, Teachers & Civil Service Review)
  • Lanao Central Elementary School
  • Saniel-Cruz National High School (SCNHS) (formerly Kidapawan City National High School Annex)[25]
  • Linangkob National High School
  • Paco Central Elementary School
  • Paco National High School
  • Amas Central Elementary School
  • Amas National High School

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Official City/Municipal 2013 Election Results". Intramuros, Manila, Philippines: Commission on Elections (COMELEC). 12 May 2014. Retrieved 3 June 2014. 
  2. ^ a b "Province: North Cotabato". PSGC Interactive. Quezon City, Philippines: Philippine Statistics Authority. Retrieved 12 November 2016. 
  3. ^ a b c d "Region XII (Soccsksargen)". Census of Population (2015): Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay (Report). PSA. Retrieved 20 June 2016. 
  4. ^ a b "Region XII (Soccsksargen)". Census of Population and Housing (2010): Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay (Report). NSO. Retrieved 29 June 2016. 
  5. ^ http://nap.psa.gov.ph/activestats/psgc/listcity.asp
  6. ^ http://nap.psa.gov.ph/activestats/psgc/articles/con_income.asp
  7. ^ http://whc.unesco.org/en/tentativelists/5022/
  8. ^ http://www.summitpost.org/mount-apo/483022
  9. ^ http://volcano.phivolcs.dost.gov.ph/update_VMEPD/Volcano/VolcanoList/apo.htm
  10. ^ http://www.volcano.si.edu/world/volcano.cfm?vnum=0701-03=
  11. ^ http://pawb.gov.ph/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=71:region-11&catid=69:regions
  12. ^ IUCN Red List
  13. ^ http://www.haribon.org.ph/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=223:the-largest-eagle-in-the-world&catid=57:news-on-h&Itemid=119
  14. ^ Mindanews - Kidapawan prepares for Fruit Festival
  15. ^ Sun.Star General Santos - Timpupu Festival: Paying homage to the exotic fruits
  16. ^ http://www.kdci.edu.ph/
  17. ^ http://www.cdk.edu.ph/
  18. ^ http://www.university-directory.eu/Philippines/Notre-Dame-of-Kidapawan-College.html
  19. ^ http://www.philippinecompanies.com/companyprofile/52413/notre-dame-of-kidapawan-college
  20. ^ http://www.rvmonline.net/?q=education
  21. ^ http://mom.exchange.ph/schools/kidapawan-city/st-marys-academy-of-kidapawan
  22. ^ http://www.philippinecompanies.com/companyprofile/52416/st-mary-s-academy-of-kidapawan
  23. ^ http://www.ndea.org.ph/index.php?module=index&event=postsdetails&postid=9
  24. ^ http://www.usm.edu.ph
  25. ^ https://www.facebook.com/pages/Saniel-Cruz-National-High-School/213923581988462,

External links[edit]