Kidapawan

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Kidapawan
Component City
City of Kidapawan
Kidapawan City Hall
Kidapawan City Hall
Official seal of Kidapawan
Seal
Nickname(s):
  • City of Fruits and Highland Springs
Motto(s): "Nakapangyayari ang Sambayanan" (The People are Sovereign)
Map of Cotabato with Kidapawan highlighted
Map of Cotabato with Kidapawan highlighted
Kidapawan is located in Philippines
Kidapawan
Kidapawan
Location within the Philippines
Coordinates: 7°01′N 125°05′E / 7.02°N 125.08°E / 7.02; 125.08Coordinates: 7°01′N 125°05′E / 7.02°N 125.08°E / 7.02; 125.08
Country  Philippines
Region Soccsksargen (Region XII)
Province Cotabato
District 2nd District
Founded August 18, 1947
Cityhood February 12, 1998
Barangays 40 (see Barangays)
Government[1]
 • Type Sangguniang Panlungsod
 • Mayor Joseph A. Evangelista (Liberal)
 • Vice Mayor Bernardo Piñol Jr. (PDP-Laban)
 • Electorate 75,080 voters (2016)
Area[2]
 • Total 358.47 km2 (138.41 sq mi)
Elevation 279 m (915 ft)
Population (2015 census)[3]
 • Total 140,195
 • Density 390/km2 (1,000/sq mi)
Demonym(s) Kidapaweño
Kidapawanon
Time zone UTC+8 (PST)
ZIP code 9400
PSGC 124704000
IDD:area code +63 (0)64
Climate type Tropical rainforest climate
Income class 3rd city income class
Local income (₱) 721,853,788.93(2016) [4]
Native languages Hiligaynon
Cebuano
Tagabawa
Obo language
Ilianen language
Tagalog
Website kidapawancity.gov.ph

Kidapawan, officially the City of Kidapawan, (Cebuano: Dakbayan sa Kidapawan; Hiligaynon: Dakbanwa/Syudad sang Kidapawan; Filipino: Lungsod ng Kidapawan) or referred to as Kidapawan City, is a 3rd class city and capital of the province of Cotabato, Philippines. According to the 2015 census, it has a population of 140,195 people.[3]

Located at the foot of Mount Apo, it is a popular destination from late October to December and in the summer, when thousands of tourists climb the country's highest mountain.

Etymology[edit]

The origins of the word Kidapawan are disputed. According to official documents, Kidapawan means "Spring in the Highlands", a contraction from the old native Manobo words tida, which means "spring", and pawan, which means "highland".

History[edit]

The first settlers around Kidapawan were predominantly Maguindanaon. The influx of Christian settlers from Luzon and the Visayas resulted in the evolution of the word from 'Tidapawan' to 'Kidapawan'. Aside from the Manobos and Christians, Kidapawan was also home to the most prominent Muslims, including a Sultan (Sultan Omar Kiram II) who was a descendant of Rajah Baguinda.

Kidapawan City was created by the Republic Act. No. 8500, signed by President Fidel V. Ramos on February 12, 1998, making it the first component city of Cotabato Province. The Act was ratified by a large majority by a plebiscite on March 21, 1998. It was originally named a district of Pikit.

In 1942, the Japanese Imperial forces entered Kidapawan. Three years later, local Filipino soldiers of the Philippine Commonwealth Army and Philippine Constabulary units and Moro guerrilla fighters taken to liberate Kidapawan fought the battles against the Japanese Imperial forces. Kidapawan was later declared a separate municipality by Executive Order No. 82 issued by President Manuel Roxas on August 18, 1947. It thus become the fourth town of the then Empire Province of Cotabato, composed previously of the municipalities of Cotabato (now Cotabato City), Dulawan (later named Datu Piang) and Midsayap.

Created along with the city were the twelve original barangays, namely: Birada, Ginatilan, Indangan, Linangcob, Luvimin, Manongol, Marbel, Mateo, Meohao, Mua-an, Perez, and Sibawan. From the original land area of 273, 262 hectares, Kidapawan retained only 34,007.20 hectares when four municipalities were created from it namely: Magpet (June 22, 1963, R.A. 3721), Matalam (Dec. 29, 1961, E.O. 461), M’lang (Aug. 3, 1951, E.O. 462) and President Roxas (May 8, 1967, R.A. 4869).

Prior to its conversion to a municipality, five appointed District Mayors had served Kidapawan. The first was Datu Siawan Ingkal, tribal chieftain of the Manobos, who headed the Civilian Emergency Administration when World War II broke out. He was followed by Felimon Blanco, Ceferino Villanueva, Jacinto Paclibar, and Alfonso Angeles Sr., who became the first elected mayor of the municipality.

Kidapawan became the provincial capital of Cotabato Province pursuant to Presidential Decree No. 341 dated 22 November 1973, with the provincial seat of government located in Amas. Later, Batas Pambansa No. 660 dated 19 December 1983 renamed the Province of North Cotabato to simply Cotabato. By the time it became the province capital, Kidapawan had already 40 barangays under its geopolitical jurisdiction.

Local government[edit]

List of Mayors[edit]

Appointed Cabeza de Barangay of Kidapawan District, Pikit (American period)

  • Datu Ugos Ingkal – 1901-1935

Appointed head (Alcalde) of the Civilian Emergency Administration during and after WWII

  • Datu Siawan Ingkal (1941- ?)
  • Datu Embac (?)
  • Filomino Blanco (?)
  • Ceferino Villanueva (?)
  • Jacinto Paclibar (?)
  • Alfonso O. Angeles Sr. (? – 1947)

Elected Mayors

  • Alfonso O. Angeles Sr. (1948 – 1955) (1964-1967)
  • Gil F. Gadi (1956 – 1957)
  • Lorenzo Saniel (1958 – 1959)
  • Alberto Madriguera (1960 – 1962)
  • Emma B. Gadi (1963-1964) (1968-1971)
  • Juan Sibug (1967, September–December)
  • Jose Tolosa (1968, Acting Mayor)
  • Augusto R. Gana (1972 – 1980) (1980-1985) (1988-1992)
  • Florante Respicio (1986-1987, Appointed OIC)
  • Domingo B. Landicho (1988, Appointed OIC)
  • Joseph A. Evangelista (1992-1994) (2013 ~ )
  • Luis P. Malaluan (1994 – 2004)
  • Rodolfo Y. Gantuangco (2004 – 2013)[5]

Geography[edit]

Kidapawan is located at the foot of Mount Apo in the south-eastern section of Cotabato province, placed in the middle of other major cities of General Santos, Davao City, Cotabato City and Cagayan de Oro.

Climate[edit]

Kidapawan lies outside the typhoon belt and has a mild climate characterized by wet and dry seasons. The coldest months are December and January. The hottest are April and May.

Barangays[edit]

Kidapawan City is politically subdivided into 40 barangays.[2]

  • Amas
  • Amazion
  • Balabag
  • Balindog
  • Binoligan
  • Birada
  • Gayola
  • Ginatilan
  • Ilomavis
  • Indangan
  • Junction
  • Kalaisan
  • Kalasuyan
  • Katipunan
  • Lanao
  • Linangcob
  • Luvimin
  • Macebolig
  • Magsaysay
  • Malinan
  • Manongol
  • Marbel (Embac)
  • Mateo
  • Meohao
  • Mua-an
  • New Bohol
  • Nuangan
  • Onica
  • Paco
  • Patadon (Patadon East)
  • Perez
  • Poblacion
  • San Isidro
  • San Roque
  • Santo Niño
  • Sibawan
  • Sikitan
  • Singao
  • Sudapin
  • Sumbac

Demographics[edit]

Population census of Kidapawan
YearPop.±% p.a.
1918 4,027—    
1939 12,593+5.58%
1948 31,644+10.78%
1960 61,675+5.72%
1970 46,820−2.71%
1975 46,720−0.04%
1980 54,864+3.26%
1990 74,190+3.06%
1995 87,758+3.20%
2000 101,205+3.10%
2007 117,610+2.09%
2010 125,447+2.38%
2015 140,195+2.14%
Source: Philippine Statistics Authority[3][6][7][8]

In the 2015 census, the population of Kidapawan was 140,195 people,[3] with a density of 390 inhabitants per square kilometre or 1,000 inhabitants per square mile.

In the 2010 census, the city had a total population of 125,447 people,[6] up 117,610 from in 2007. The religion is predominantly Christian, although there are many Muslims residing in the city as well. The main languages are Cebuano and Hiligaynon, while Tagalog and English are the secondary languages.

Cebuanos and Hiligaynons are the major ethnic groups in the city. Other ethnic groups residing in the area are the Ilocanos, Maguindanaons and Manobos. Cebuano is the most widely spoken language, especially in the city proper. English is considered as the medium of instruction in schools and other learning institutions; it is also predominantly used in major government agencies in their transactions and reports. Laws and ordinances in the city are all written in English. Most of the inhabitants can also speak Filipino.

Economy[edit]

Kidapawan City is classified as a 3rd-class component city, The City is considered as the province’s industrial hub. It plays a pivotal role in the economic development of the province and its adjacent areas. It is the commercial and trading hub of six neighboring municipalities. It lies at the heart of three large domestic markets: General Santos City, Davao City and Cotabato City.

Agriculture[edit]

The flower-cutting industry is a primary source of livelihood among Cotabateños, especially those residing in Kidapawan City. In addition to ornamental and forest tree seedlings, flowers such as roses, anthuriums and orchids are abundantly grown locally providing a very promising and highly profitable source of livelihood and business in the area.

Crops abundantly grown in the area include abaca, rubber, corn, rice, coconut, and vegetables.

Tourism[edit]

Foot of Mt. Apo
Lake Venado

Kidapawan City is one of the most well-known starting points for trekking on Mount Apo via the city's Lake Agco in Brgy. Ilomavis,[9] Kidapawan-Santa Cruz,[10] and Kidapawan-Magpet trails[11] which towers at 10,311 feet above sea level with a total area of 14.6 square meters. The country’s tallest peak is an abode to the almost extinct Philippine eagle.[12][13] Within the Mt. Apo Natural Park is the Mandarangan Geological Site which is being promoted as a major educational tourism site. Lake Venado, hidden among the mountain ranges, stands at an elevation of 7,200 feet above sea level.

Another tourist attraction in this city is Kansal Falls located at Sitio Lapaan in Barangay Perez. The water from the Kansal Falls is still one of the cleanest and cheapest in Asia and the source of North Cotabato’s Metro Kidapawan Water District Dam. The water rushing through Kansal Falls comes from the various mountain springs of Mt. Apo. This waterfall is the source of Kidapawan City’s water supply.

Events[edit]

Often dubbed as the Second Fruit Basket of the Philippines, the city government celebrate the abundance of the exotic fruits grown in Kidapawan City by holding an annual festival in the month of August called Timpupu, the fruit festival. This festival, first held in 2002,[14] celebrates fruit harvest. The city purchases large quantities of local fruit which is laid out on tables along the streets for visitors and residents.[15] Dubbed “Timpupu” from the Manobo word “harvest”, the celebration signifies the people's thanksgiving.

The Foundation Anniversary of the City of Kidapawan is held every February 12.

Education[edit]

  • Southern Philippines Methodist Colleges, Inc.
  • Spottswood National High School
  • Marciano Mancera Memorial Elementary School
  • School For Life Montessori
  • Kidapawan Doctors College, Inc.[16]
  • Kidapawan City Pilot Elementary School SPED Center
  • Kidapawan City Pilot Elementary School
  • Kidapawan City National High School (City High)
  • ABC Educational Development Center
  • Felipe Suerte Memorial Elementary School
  • Central Mindanao Colleges
  • Colegio de Kidapawan[17]
  • Kidapawan Anchor Bay Bible School
  • Kidapawan Jireh Christian School
  • Kidapawan Southern Baptist Elementary School
  • Kidapawan Polytechnic College
  • Kidapawan Doctors College, Inc
  • North Point College of Arts and Technology
  • North Valley College Foundation
  • Notre Dame of Kidapawan College[18][19]
  • Read Data Access Computer College (RDACC)
  • Habitat Elementary School
  • St. Mary's Academy of Kidapawan (formerly Notre Dame of Kidapawan for Girls)[20][21][22][23]
  • University of Southern Mindanao - Kidapawan City Campus[24]
  • Kidapawan City SDA Elementary School
  • St. Louis Review Center (SLRC) - Kidapawan (Nursing, Teachers & Civil Service Review)
  • Lanao Central Elementary School
  • Saniel-Cruz National High School (SCNHS) (formerly Kidapawan City National High School Annex)[25]
  • Linangkob National High School
  • Paco Central Elementary School
  • Paco National High School
  • Amas Central Elementary School
  • Amas National High School
  • Isidoro S. Lonzaga Memorial Elementary School

Transportation[edit]

Local public transportation is primarily served by almost 3,000 motor tricycles known as just "motor". Multicabs, and jeepney provide transportation to barangays and adjacent municipalities. Public Utility Vans also served routes to and from the cities of Davao, Cotabato, and Tacurong. Mindanao Star, Davao Metro Shuttle and Yellow Bus Line are the bus companies operating in the city. Nearest airport is the Davao International Airport.

Commercial retail centers[edit]

  • Gaisano Grand Mall of Kidapawan
Purok 1 Lanao, Kidapawan City
  • KMCC Shopping Mall
Dayao St. ,KidapawanCity

Notable security-related incidents[edit]

Identified by the Arm Forces of the Philippines Western Mindanao Command as conflict affected area which has the presence of CPP-NPA and BIFF, the list below are the current incidents happened in the city.

  • Road side blast Improvise Explosive Device (IED) bomb burst along the national highway in Barangay Marbel, leaving three (3) cops wounded around 2 p.m of May 26, 2017. New Peoples’ Army (NPA) Guerilla Front 53 was behind the said attacks.[26]
  • The 2017 Kidapawan jail siege occurred when about a hundred unidentified armed men attacked the North Cotabato Provincial Jail in Kidapawan, Philippines at around midnight freeing at least 158 inmates. Five inmates, a barangay official and a prison guard died in the siege. The jail break resulting from the attack is reportedly the biggest in the history of North Cotabato.
  • 2016 Kidapawan protests - For three days from March 30, 2016, thousands of farmers and their supporters blockaded the Davao-Cotabato Highway in Kidapawan, North Cotabato. A day before prior to the road blockade, 500 farmers protest in front of the National Food Authority Office in Kidapawan to air their grievances. The demonstration ended violently with at least three deaths on the side of the protesters and a total of 116 injured on both sides after the police dispersed the mass action.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "City". Quezon City, Philippines: Department of the Interior and Local Government. Retrieved 30 May 2013.
  2. ^ a b "Province: North Cotabato". PSGC Interactive. Quezon City, Philippines: Philippine Statistics Authority. Retrieved 12 November 2016.
  3. ^ a b c d Census of Population (2015). "Region XII (Soccsksargen)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. PSA. Retrieved 20 June 2016.
  4. ^ "Philippine Cities Local Income". blgf. Retrieved 30 January 2018.
  5. ^ lefthandedsnake.wordpress.com/2014/11/05/random-kidapawan-historiography/
  6. ^ a b Census of Population and Housing (2010). "Region XII (Soccsksargen)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. NSO. Retrieved 29 June 2016.
  7. ^ Censuses of Population (1903–2007). "Region XII (Soccsksargen)". Table 1. Population Enumerated in Various Censuses by Province/Highly Urbanized City: 1903 to 2007. NSO.
  8. ^ "Province of North Cotabato". Municipality Population Data. Local Water Utilities Administration Research Division. Retrieved 17 December 2016.
  9. ^ Mt. Apo trail in Kidapawan opens in April — GMA News
  10. ^ https://globaltrail.wordpress.com/2016/08/24/trekking-mt-apo-through-sta-cruz-kidapawan-trail/
  11. ^ http://wowdavao.com/index.php/2017/07/18/november-ultimate-mt-apo-climb/
  12. ^ IUCN Red List
  13. ^ http://www.haribon.org.ph/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=223:the-largest-eagle-in-the-world&catid=57:news-on-h&Itemid=119
  14. ^ Mindanews - Kidapawan prepares for Fruit Festival
  15. ^ Sun.Star General Santos - Timpupu Festival: Paying homage to the exotic fruits
  16. ^ http://www.kdci.edu.ph/
  17. ^ http://www.cdk.edu.ph/
  18. ^ http://www.university-directory.eu/Philippines/Notre-Dame-of-Kidapawan-College.html
  19. ^ http://www.philippinecompanies.com/companyprofile/52413/notre-dame-of-kidapawan-college
  20. ^ http://www.rvmonline.net/?q=education
  21. ^ http://mom.exchange.ph/schools/kidapawan-city/st-marys-academy-of-kidapawan
  22. ^ http://www.philippinecompanies.com/companyprofile/52416/st-mary-s-academy-of-kidapawan
  23. ^ http://www.ndea.org.ph/index.php?module=index&event=postsdetails&postid=9
  24. ^ http://www.usm.edu.ph
  25. ^ https://www.facebook.com/pages/Saniel-Cruz-National-High-School/213923581988462,
  26. ^ Cadelina-Manar, Malu. "3 cops hurt in another roadside blast in Kidapawan | MindaNews". www.mindanews.com. Retrieved 2017-12-01.

External links[edit]