Archduke Joseph Karl of Austria
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|Archduke Joseph Karl|
|Palatine of Hungary (titular)|
|Born||2 March 1833|
Pressburg, Kingdom of Hungary
|Died||13 June 1905 (aged 72)|
|Father||Archduke Joseph, Palatine of Hungary|
|Mother||Duchess Maria Dorothea of Württemberg|
Archduke Joseph Karl of Austria (German: (Erzherzog) Josef Karl (Ludwig) von Österreich, Hungarian: Habsburg–Lotaringiai József Károly (Lajos) főherceg; 2 March 1833 – 13 June 1905) was a member of the Habsburg-Lorraine dynasty. He was the second son of Archduke Joseph, Palatine of Hungary (seventh son of Leopold II, Holy Roman Emperor) and Duchess Maria Dorothea of Württemberg.
Like many junior members of royal families, Archduke Joseph Karl entered the military. He became a Major General in the Austrian Army in 1860. During the Austro-Prussian War he commanded a Brigade in the North Army and had three horses shot under him at Königgrätz. In 1867, he became Palatine of Hungary after the death of his childless half-brother Stephen, though the post by that time was symbolic only.
The archduke had an interest in the Romani language and occasionally wrote on this topic to Albert Thomas Sinclair, an American lawyer who shared this interest. A biography of Sinclair notes that the archduke sent a copy of his work, "a large octavo volume handsomely bound It is a most important and valuable philological work comparing the gypsy words with Sanskrit, Hindustani Persian, etc".
Marriage and issue
On 12 May 1864 in Coburg, Archduke Joseph married Princess Clotilde of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha (1846–1927), the elder daughter of Prince August of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha and Princess Clémentine of Orléans. They had seven children :
- Archduchess Elisabeth Klementine Klothilde Maria Amalie of Austria (18 March 1865 – 7 January 1866)
- Archduchess Maria Dorothea Amalie of Austria (14 June 1867 – 6 April 1932)
- Archduchess Margarethe Klementine Maria of Austria (6 July 1870 – 2 May 1955)
- Archduke Joseph August Viktor Klemens Maria of Austria (9 August 1872 – 6 July 1962)
- Archduke Ladislaus Philipp of Austria (16 July 1875 – 6 September 1895)
- Archduchess Elisabeth Henriette Klothilde Maria Viktoria of Austria (9 March 1883 – 8 February 1958)
- Archduchess Klothilde Maria Amalie Philomena Raineria of Austria (9 May 1884 – 14 December 1903)
Honours and awards
He received the following orders and decorations:
- Austrian Empire:
- Kingdom of Prussia:
- Oldenburg: Grand Cross of the Order of Duke Peter Friedrich Ludwig, with Golden Crown, 13 September 1855
- Ernestine duchies: Grand Cross of the Saxe-Ernestine House Order, May 1857
- Kingdom of Hanover:
- Nassau: Knight of the Gold Lion of Nassau, November 1858
- Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach: Grand Cross of the White Falcon, 12 December 1858
- Kingdom of Bavaria: Knight of St. Hubert, 1860
- Grand Duchy of Hesse: Grand Cross of the Ludwig Order, 24 May 1863
- Württemberg: Grand Cross of the Württemberg Crown, 1872
- Belgium: Grand Cordon of the Order of Leopold (civil), 2 May 1857
- Principality of Bulgaria: Grand Cross of St. Alexander
- Persian Empire: Order of the August Portrait, in Diamonds
- Kingdom of Portugal: Grand Cross of the Tower and Sword
- Kingdom of Romania: Grand Cross of the Star of Romania
- Russian Empire:
- Principality of Serbia:
- Grand Duchy of Tuscany: Grand Cross of St. Joseph
|Ancestors of Archduke Joseph Karl of Austria|
- Craig, Gordon A (2003). The Battle of Koniggratz: Prussia's Victory Over Austria, 1866. University of Pennsylvania Press. p. 133. ISBN 0812218442. Retrieved 16 July 2017.
- John Perkins and Cushing Winship, Historical Brighton, Vol. 2, pp. 46-7 (1902) https://books.google.com/books?id=CXkUAAAAYAAJ&dq=Thomas%20Tracy%2C%20ninth%20son%20of%20Sir%20Paul%20Tracy%2C%20...&pg=PA47#v=onepage&q=Thomas%20Tracy,%20ninth%20son%20of%20Sir%20Paul%20Tracy,%20...&f=false
- "Genealogie des Allerhöchsten Herrscherhauses", Hof- und Staatshandbuch der Österreichisch-Ungarischen Monarchie, 1904, p. 11, retrieved 23 July 2020
- "Ritter-Orden", Hof- und Staatshandbuch der Österreichisch-Ungarischen Monarchie, 1904, pp. 51, 54, retrieved 24 July 2020
- "Schwarzer Adler-orden", Königlich Preussische Ordensliste (in German), 1, Berlin, 1886, p. 5 – via hathitrust.org
- Hof- und Staatshandbuch des Großherzogtums Oldenburg0: 1879. Schulze. 1879. p. 32.
- Staatshandbücher für das Herzogtums Sachsen-Altenburg (1869), "Herzogliche Sachsen-Ernestinischer Hausorden" p. 21
- Staat Hannover (1865). Hof- und Staatshandbuch für das Königreich Hannover: 1865. Berenberg. pp. 38 78.
- Staats- und Adreß-Handbuch des Herzogthums Nassau (1866), "Herzogliche Orden" p. 8
- Staatshandbuch für das Großherzogtum Sachsen / Sachsen-Weimar-Eisenach (1859), "Großherzogliche Hausorden" p. 13
- Hof- und Staatshandbuch des Königreichs Bayern: 1879. Landesamt. 1879. p. 10.
- Hof- und Staats-Handbuch des Großherzogtum Hessen (1879), "Großherzogliche Orden und Ehrenzeichen" p. 11
- Hof- und Staats-Handbuch des Königreich Württemberg (1896), "Königliche Orden" p. 28
- "Liste des Membres de l'Ordre de Léopold", Almanach Royal Officiel (in French), 1858, p. 48 – via Archives de Bruxelles