Archduke Joseph Karl of Austria

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Archduke Joseph Karl
Palatine of Hungary (titular)
Erzherzog Josef (Koller).png
Picture taken by Károly Koller
Born(1833-03-02)2 March 1833
Pressburg, Kingdom of Hungary
Died13 June 1905(1905-06-13) (aged 72)
Fiume, Austria-Hungary
Josef Karl Ludwig
FatherArchduke Joseph, Palatine of Hungary
MotherDuchess Maria Dorothea of Württemberg

Archduke Joseph Karl of Austria (German: (Erzherzog) Josef Karl (Ludwig) von Österreich, Hungarian: Habsburg–Lotaringiai József Károly (Lajos) főherceg; 2 March 1833 – 13 June 1905) was a member of the Habsburg-Lorraine dynasty. He was the second son of Archduke Joseph, Palatine of Hungary (seventh son of Leopold II, Holy Roman Emperor) and Duchess Maria Dorothea of Württemberg.


Like many junior members of royal families, Archduke Joseph Karl entered the military. He became a Major General in the Austrian Army in 1860. During the Austro-Prussian War he commanded a Brigade in the North Army and had three horses shot under him at Königgrätz.[1] In 1867, he became Palatine of Hungary after the death of his childless half-brother Stephen, though the post by that time was symbolic only.

The archduke had an interest in the Romani language and occasionally wrote on this topic to Albert Thomas Sinclair, an American lawyer who shared this interest. A biography of Sinclair notes that the archduke sent a copy of his work, "a large octavo volume handsomely bound It is a most important and valuable philological work comparing the gypsy words with Sanskrit, Hindustani Persian, etc".[2]

Marriage and issue[edit]

On 12 May 1864 in Coburg, Archduke Joseph married Princess Clotilde of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha (1846–1927), the elder daughter of Prince August of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha and Princess Clémentine of Orléans. They had seven children :

Honours and awards[edit]

He received the following orders and decorations:[3]



  1. ^ Craig, Gordon A (2003). The Battle of Koniggratz: Prussia's Victory Over Austria, 1866. University of Pennsylvania Press. p. 133. ISBN 0812218442. Retrieved 16 July 2017.
  2. ^ John Perkins and Cushing Winship, Historical Brighton, Vol. 2, pp. 46-7 (1902),%20ninth%20son%20of%20Sir%20Paul%20Tracy,%20...&f=false
  3. ^ "Genealogie des Allerhöchsten Herrscherhauses", Hof- und Staatshandbuch der Österreichisch-Ungarischen Monarchie, 1904, p. 11, retrieved 23 July 2020
  4. ^ a b "Ritter-Orden", Hof- und Staatshandbuch der Österreichisch-Ungarischen Monarchie, 1904, pp. 51, 54, retrieved 24 July 2020
  5. ^ "Schwarzer Adler-orden", Königlich Preussische Ordensliste (in German), 1, Berlin, 1886, p. 5 – via
  6. ^ Hof- und Staatshandbuch des Großherzogtums Oldenburg0: 1879. Schulze. 1879. p. 32.
  7. ^ Staatshandbücher für das Herzogtums Sachsen-Altenburg (1869), "Herzogliche Sachsen-Ernestinischer Hausorden" p. 21
  8. ^ Staat Hannover (1865). Hof- und Staatshandbuch für das Königreich Hannover: 1865. Berenberg. pp. 38 78.
  9. ^ Staats- und Adreß-Handbuch des Herzogthums Nassau (1866), "Herzogliche Orden" p. 8
  10. ^ Staatshandbuch für das Großherzogtum Sachsen / Sachsen-Weimar-Eisenach (1859), "Großherzogliche Hausorden" p. 13
  11. ^ Hof- und Staatshandbuch des Königreichs Bayern: 1879. Landesamt. 1879. p. 10.
  12. ^ Hof- und Staats-Handbuch des Großherzogtum Hessen (1879), "Großherzogliche Orden und Ehrenzeichen" p. 11
  13. ^ Hof- und Staats-Handbuch des Königreich Württemberg (1896), "Königliche Orden" p. 28
  14. ^ "Liste des Membres de l'Ordre de Léopold", Almanach Royal Officiel (in French), 1858, p. 48 – via Archives de Bruxelles