Archduke Karl Albrecht of Austria

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Archduke Karl Albrecht of Austria
Karl Albrecht Austria 1888 1951 photo1918.jpg
Archduke Karl Albrecht in 1918
Born (1888-12-18)18 December 1888
Pula, Austro-Hungary
Died 17 March 1951(1951-03-17) (aged 62)
near Stockholm, Sweden
Spouse Alice Elisabeth Ankarcrona
Issue Prince Karl-Stefan
Princess Maria-Christina
Prince Karl Albrecht
Princess Renata
Full name
Karl Albrecht Nikolaus Leo Gratianus
House Habsburg-Lorraine
Father Archduke Charles Stephen of Austria
Mother Archduchess Maria Theresia, Princess of Tuscany

Archduke Karl Albrecht of Austria-Teschen (Karl Albrecht Nikolaus Leo Gratianus von Österreich, later Karl Albrecht Habsburg-Lothringen, since 1919 – Karol Olbracht Habsburg-Lotaryński; (Pula, 18 December 1888 – Östervik, near Stockholm, 17 March 1951).

Early life and career[edit]

He was an Austrian archduke, the oldest son of Archduke Charles Stephen and Archduchess Maria Theresia, Princess of Tuscany.

He was a landowner in Żywiec, a colonel of artillery in both the Imperial Austro-Hungarian Army (cavalry) and the Polish Army, and the 1,175th knight of the Order of the Golden Fleece in 1910, etc.[1]

In 1918 and again in 1939 he became a volunteer in the Polish army. He fought in the Polish–Soviet War.[2] In 1920, he commanded the Grudziądz Fortress. During the German occupation of Poland, he declared Polish nationality and refused to sign the Volksliste. He was imprisoned[2] in November 1939, kept in Cieszyn[citation needed] and tortured by the Gestapo.[2] His wife was interned in Wisła. He left prison blind in one eye and half-paralyzed. In October 1942, Albrecht and his family were sent to a labor camp in Strausberg.[2] After liberation, he moved to Kraków and then to Sweden. His estate was confiscated in 1939 by the invading Germans, and again in 1945 by the Polish People's Republic.[2]

Family and children[edit]

On 8 November 1920 he married morganatically Alice Elisabeth Ankarcrona (born at Tullgarn, near Trosa, 18 December 1889 and died at Saltsjöbaden, near Stockholm, 26 November 1985) in the castle of Żywiec Poland. She was a daughter of Oscar Carl Gustav Ankarcrona and his wife, Anna Carleson. The head of the House of Habsburg-Lorraine accorded her the hereditary title of "Princess of Altenburg" on 15 December 1949.

Their children were:

  • Prince Karl-Stefan of Altenburg (Balice, Poland, 29 October 1921 – Stockholm, 20 June 2018); married in Geneva, Switzerland, on 18 September 1952 his first cousin, Maria-Louise Victoria Katharina Elisabeth af Petersens (Stockholm, 4 November 1910 - Östervik, Sweden, 27 May 1998), and had issue:
    • Princess Maria-Christina of Altenburg (b. Stockholm, 21 April 1953), unmarried and without issue
    • Prince Karl-Albrecht of Altenburg (Stockholm, 24 October 1956 - Zürich, 26 May 1957)
  • Princess Maria-Christina of Altenburg (Żywiec, 8 December 1923 – 2 October 2012, Żywiec), unmarried and without issue.
  • Prince Karl-Albrecht of Altenburg (Żywiec, 4 August 1926 - 19 December 1928)
  • Princess Renata of Altenburg (b. Żywiec, 13 April 1931), married in Stockholm on 26 June 1957 Spanish diplomat Eduardo de Zulueta y Dato (b. Paris, France 4 December 1923), and had issue.

Ancestry[edit]

Honours[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Ribera, José António Moya, Costados, N.º 81
  2. ^ a b c d e Timothy Snyder. The Red Prince: The Secret Lives of a Habsburg Archduke. Basic Books. 2008.