High Street, Ashburton
|Population||7,751 (2016 census)|
|• Density||2,670/km2 (6,920/sq mi)|
|Area||2.9 km2 (1.1 sq mi)|
|Location||12 km (7 mi) from Melbourne|
|LGA(s)||City of Boroondara|
Ashburton is a suburb of Melbourne, Victoria, Australia, 12 km (7.5 mi) southeast of Melbourne's Central Business District. Its local government area is the City of Boroondara. At the 2016 census, Ashburton had a population of 7,751.
Ashburton is known for the Ashburton Pool and Recreation Centre and the Ashburton Village shopping strip.
Ashburton, a mostly postwar residential suburb, is 12 km south-east of central Melbourne. The locality's name arose when the station on the Outer Circle railway line (1890) was named Ashburton, at the suggestion of a former local councillor, E. Dillon who had lived in Ashburton Terrace, Cork, Ireland.
An unrealised objective of the railway line had been to stimulate residential development, but the locality was best known for the Ashburton forest, overlooking Gardiners Creek, as a site for picnics. The Outer Circle railway, originally from Oakleigh to Melbourne via Fairfield, was abbreviated to spur lines from Camberwell within a few years, northwards to Deepdene and southwards to Ashburton, and no other fixed rail transport was provided for Ashburton. The residential development of Ashburton awaited Melbourne's postwar metropolitan expansion and increased car ownership.
In the 1920s Ashburton had a few shops, orchards and market gardens, supporting sufficient population for a primary school to be opened in 1928 (549 pupils, 2014). There was a public hall in High Street near Johnston Street where Catholic and Presbyterian church services were held in the late 1920s. In 1948 the railway line was extended by one station to Alamein, a postwar suburb with almost entirely wartime street names such as Victory Boulevard, Benghazi Avenue and Tobruk Road. Much of the housing was built by the Housing Commission.
Ashburton extends south to Gardiners Creek. As well as containing Alamein, it also includes the locality of Solway in its south-west. Sparsely settled until the early postwar years, the Solway school opened in 1950 with the name Darling East. It was renamed Solway in 1956 after the Postmaster-General's Department opened in Solway post office near Solway Street.
Ashburton has an active strip shopping centre along High Street near the railway station. Nearby is a large Catholic church, St Michael's. The Ashburton Catholic parish was separated from Glen Iris parish in 1946 and a Catholic primary school opened that year. The present church was built in 1955. Ashburton Park and Warner Reserve have modern indoor and outdoor swimming pools and associated facilities. Along Gardiners Creek there is the Malvern Valley golf course.
The small shopping centre in Victory Boulevard, Alamein, was reduced to one convenience store by 1997. Opposite the shops the Alamein primary school (1950) had been closed, and the land given to housing. The new houses are in colonial, federation and modern two-storey styles, offering a contrasting opulence to the functional postwar Commission housing.
In 1987 the median house price in Ashburton was 30% above the median for metropolitan Melbourne and in 1996 it was 36% above the metropolitan median.
Ashburton's census populations have been:
CENSUS DATE POPULATION 2001 6741 2006 7173 2011 7586 Further Reading
The rail line was electrified in 1924, and the Ashburton Post Office opened on 15 December 1927. Another office was opened at Solway (in the south-west of the suburb) and operated from 1954 until 1978.
The suburb contains student housing (operated by the Ashburton Baptist Church) due to its proximity to the Holmesglen Institute of TAFE, Monash University (Caulfield and Clayton campuses), Deakin University (Burwood campus) and Swinburne University (Hawthorn campus). The Ashburton Baptist, Catholic and Anglican Churches also run the Ashburton Asylum Seeker Support Group.
Ashburton is served by three primary schools: St Michael's Parish School is a Catholic co-ed primary school located on High Street. Solway Primary School and Ashburton Primary School are government primary schools located on Winton Road and Fakenham Road respectively.
Ashburton hosts the following recreational interests:
- Ashburton Pool and Recreation Centre (YMCA)
- Solway Basketball Club and Ashy Basketball Club field teams for boys and girls from under 8s to under 23s. Competitions are held at the Waverley Basketball Stadium and they act as feeder clubs for representative basketball club Waverley Falcons. 
- Auskick at Watson Park
- Ashburton United Soccer Club
- Ashburton Women's Soccer Club
- Ashburton United Junior Football Club (The Ashy Redbacks)
- Ashburton Young Cricketers (AYC) Cricket Club
- Ashburton Willows Cricket Club
- Ashburton Bowls Club
- City of Camberwell - the former local government area of which Ashburton was a part
- "2016 Census QuickStats Ashburton". Australian Bureau if Statistics. Retrieved 13 October 2018.
- Premier Postal History, Post Office List, retrieved 22 May 2013
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 3 October 2009. Retrieved 16 April 2010.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 14 August 2016. Retrieved 21 June 2020.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 14 October 2010. Retrieved 2010-07-27.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)