Astaboran languages

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Northern Eastern Sudanic
Sudan, Eritrea, Chad, Nubia
Linguistic classification: Nilo-Saharan?
Glottolog: None

The Astaboran, Northern Eastern Sudanic, or Eastern k Sudanic languages form one of two primary divisions of the Eastern Sudanic languages. They are characterized by having a /k/ in the pronoun "I/me", as opposed to the Kir–Abbaian (Southern) languages, which have an /n/.

The most famous Astaboran language is Nubian. Assuming it is Nilo-Saharan, the ancient Meroitic language appears on limited evidence to be closest to languages of this group, such as Nyima and Nubian.


  • M. L. Bender, 2000. "Nilo-Saharan". In African Languages: An Introduction, edited by Bernd Heine and Derek Nurse. Cambridge University Press.