Alur language

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Alur
Lur
Region Orientale Province (Democratic Republic of Congo) and Uganda
Ethnicity Alur
Native speakers
1.4 million (2001–2002)[1]
Language codes
ISO 639-3 alz
Glottolog alur1250[2]

Alur (Dho-Alur [d̟ɔ.a.lur]) is a Western Nilotic language spoken in the southern West Nile region of Uganda and the northeastern Ituri Province of the Democratic Republic of the Congo. The language's subialects are Jokot, Jonam/Lo-Naam (mainly spoken in the Democratic Republic of the Congo), Mambisa and Wanyoro.

Phonology[edit]

Vowels

Alur has 9 vowels.

Front Central Back
Close i u
Near-close ɪ ʊ
Close-mid e o
Open-mid ɛ ɔ
Open a

Consonants

Alur has 23 consonants.

Phonetic inventory of consonants in Alur
Labial Labio-dental Dental Alveolar Palato-Alveolar Palatal Velar Glottal
Nasal m n ɲ ŋ
Plosive p b t̟ d̟ t d k ɡ
Fricative f v s z h
Affricate tʃ dʒ
Trill r
Approximant w l j

Grammar[edit]

Alur has an SVO word order.

Orthography[edit]

The Alur language has no officially accepted orthography. However, informal conventions have been established in written materials and road signs.

First, there is usually no written tonal distinction. Second, the phonemic distinction between /ŋ/ and /ng/ is occasionally reflected in the orthography, with /ŋ/ represented by 'ŋ' and /ng/ represented by 'ng'. However, /ŋ/ is also frequently written as 'ng', confusing it orthographically with /ng/.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Alur at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
  2. ^ Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Alur". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.

External links[edit]