Viennese Porcelain Manufactory
The Viennese Porcelain Manufactory (German: Kaiserlich privilegierte Porcellain Fabrique) was a porcelain manufacturer in Alsergrund in Vienna, Austria. It was founded in 1718 and existed until 1864. It was the second-oldest porcelain manufactory in Europe after Meissen porcelain. It also known as simply "Vienna porcelain".
The history of the manufactory can be divided into five periods. The first period was under its first director Claudius Innocentius du Paquier, and therefore known as the "Du Paquier period". This lasted from 1718-1744. The manufactory came into financial difficulties and the state intervened by nationalising it. The second period is the "Plastic period" (1744–1784), the third the "Pictorial period" (1784–1805), the fourth the "Biedermeier period" (1805–1833) and the final the "Late Biedermeier period" (1833–1864).
It was revived in 1923 with the foundation of the Viennese Porcelain Manufactory Augarten.
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