Joseon white porcelain
|Joseon white porcelain|
|Revised Romanization||Joseon baekja|
In overall, Joseon ceramics underwent numerous transformations during the five hundred-year period and is generally divided into three major periods; the early, the middle, and the late period.
Although the chronology of Joseon ceramics differs between scholars, three major events affected kiln production; the outcome of the Imjin wars, the establishment of Bunwon (hangul: 분원; hanja: 分院), government-subsidized kilns at Bunwon-ri, Gwangju near Seoul in 1751, and the privatization of Bunwon in 1884.
A number of Joseon porcelain has been registered by the government as National Treasures.
Joseon white porcelains are characterized by the beauty of unpretentious forms, understated decoration, and subtle use of color, reflecting the ideals of Korean Confucian state.
Moon jar (National Treasure No. 310)
- James Hoare; Susan Pares (1988). Korean, An Introduction. Routledge. p. 143 p. ISBN 0-7103-0299-1. Retrieved 2008-03-29.
- John Onians (2004). Atlas of World Art. Laurence King Publishing. p. 205p. ISBN 1-85669-377-5.
Government-sponsored kilns at punwon-ri, near Seoul, produced an exquisite and distinctive Joseon white porcelain for use at court and for export to China. Its undecorated cream-colored surfaces, and austere elegant shapes were thought to reflect a purity of mind and moral character appropriate for Neo-Confucian patrons.
- Jae-yeol Kim (2003). Handbook of Korean Art (White Porcelain and Punch'ong Ware). Laurence King Publishing. ISBN 1-85669-359-7.
- Yun, Yong-i; Regina Krahl (2005). Korean Art from the Gompertz and Other Collections in the Fitzwilliam Museum. Translated by Youngsook Pak; Roderick Whitfield. Cambridge University Press. ISBN 0-521-83592-5.
- Keith Pratt; Richard Rutt; James Hoare (1999). Korea: A Historical and Cultural Dictionary. Routledge. ISBN 0-7007-0464-7.
- Goro Akaboshi; Heiichiro Nakamaru (1975). Five Centuries of Korean Ceramics (Pottery and Porcelain of the Yi Dynasty). Weatherhill. ISBN 0-8348-1514-1.
- Claire Roberts; Michael Brand; Powerhouse Museum; Queensland Art Gallery (2000). Earth, Spirit, Fire: Korean Masterpieces of the Choson Dynasty. Queensland Art Gallery. ISBN 1-86317-080-4.
- Lee, Soyoung (October 2004). ""In Pursuit of White: Porcelain in the Chosôn Dynasty, 1392–1910 "". In Timeline of Art History. The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York City. Retrieved 2008-03-27.
- "White porcelain (백자 白磁)" (in Korean). Empas/EncyKorea. Retrieved 2008-03-27.
- "White porcelain (백자 白磁)" (in Korean). Empas/Encyclopædia Britannica. Retrieved 2008-03-27.
Media related to Joseon porcelain at Wikimedia Commons
- Gallery of Korean Pottery and Porcelain at Korean Overseas Culture and Information Service (KOIS)