Avesta (locality)

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Avesta
Avesta in October 2010
Avesta in October 2010
Avesta is located in Dalarna
Avesta
Avesta
Avesta is located in Sweden
Avesta
Avesta
Coordinates: 60°08′44″N 16°10′06″E / 60.14556°N 16.16833°E / 60.14556; 16.16833Coordinates: 60°08′44″N 16°10′06″E / 60.14556°N 16.16833°E / 60.14556; 16.16833
CountrySweden
ProvinceDalarna
CountyDalarna County
MunicipalityAvesta Municipality
Area
 • Total13.91 km2 (5.37 sq mi)
Elevation
89 m (292 ft)
Population
 (31 December 2015)[1]
 • Total11,949
 • Density1,109/km2 (2,870/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
774 xx
Area code(s)(+46) 226
ClimateDfb
WebsiteOfficial website

Avesta (Swedish pronunciation: [ˈɑ̂ːvɛsta])[2] is a locality and the seat of Avesta Municipality in Dalarna County, Sweden, with 11,949 inhabitants in 2015.[1]

The name is first found in 1303 as "Aghastadhum". Aghe is of similar origin as the word å, meaning stream, in this case the Avestafors, a tributary of the river Dalälven. Stadhum was dative plural of a word of similar origin as stead, or farm.

The Avestadfors settlement, circa 1700, in Suecia antiqua et hodierna.

History[edit]

In the Scandinavian Middle Ages there was a blast furnace at the location. In 1636 the construction of a giant copper mine was initiated near the Avesta fors.

The town Avesta received partial privileges in 1641 as a town under the city of Falun, and in 1644 a copper mint was built. However, the privileges were withdrawn in 1688 due to complaints of competition from its neighbour, mainly Falun. Copper coins were continued to be minted until 1831, and the copper works was in function until 1869.

Full city rights were regranted in 1919. The designated coat of arms depict the signs for copper and iron.

Geography[edit]

The town is located by the Dalecarlia River (Dalälven).

The railway junction Krylbo is situated in Avesta.

Climate[edit]

Avesta has a humid continental climate with sizeable seasonal differences, although much less than would be expected for an interior climate north of 60°N. Being situated at the foot of the higher areas to its west, summer temperatures are warm because of the relatively low elevation of around 100 metres (330 ft) above sea level. Precipitation is quite high by standards of Sweden's areas closer to the Baltic Sea, which renders the possibility of heavy snowfall in winter.

Climate data for Avesta; (2002–2020 averages; extremes since 1977)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 9.9
(49.8)
12.4
(54.3)
19.0
(66.2)
27.3
(81.1)
28.9
(84.0)
31.7
(89.1)
33.5
(92.3)
34.1
(93.4)
26.3
(79.3)
19.1
(66.4)
14.7
(58.5)
12.4
(54.3)
34.1
(93.4)
Mean maximum °C (°F) 5.9
(42.6)
7.8
(46.0)
13.8
(56.8)
19.5
(67.1)
24.9
(76.8)
27.9
(82.2)
29.4
(84.9)
28.1
(82.6)
22.2
(72.0)
15.6
(60.1)
10.4
(50.7)
7.0
(44.6)
30.4
(86.7)
Average high °C (°F) −0.8
(30.6)
0.4
(32.7)
5.0
(41.0)
11.6
(52.9)
17.0
(62.6)
21.0
(69.8)
23.3
(73.9)
21.6
(70.9)
16.5
(61.7)
9.1
(48.4)
4.0
(39.2)
0.9
(33.6)
10.8
(51.4)
Daily mean °C (°F) −3.5
(25.7)
−2.4
(27.7)
0.8
(33.4)
6.1
(43.0)
11.2
(52.2)
15.4
(59.7)
17.8
(64.0)
16.5
(61.7)
12.0
(53.6)
5.8
(42.4)
1.7
(35.1)
−1.6
(29.1)
6.7
(44.0)
Average low °C (°F) −6.1
(21.0)
−5.6
(21.9)
−3.5
(25.7)
0.5
(32.9)
5.3
(41.5)
9.7
(49.5)
12.3
(54.1)
11.4
(52.5)
7.5
(45.5)
2.5
(36.5)
−0.6
(30.9)
−4.1
(24.6)
2.4
(36.4)
Mean minimum °C (°F) −16.6
(2.1)
−15.8
(3.6)
−12.9
(8.8)
−5.9
(21.4)
−1.5
(29.3)
3.5
(38.3)
7.3
(45.1)
5.2
(41.4)
0.4
(32.7)
−5.2
(22.6)
−9.0
(15.8)
−13.8
(7.2)
−19.6
(−3.3)
Record low °C (°F) −27.6
(−17.7)
−27.7
(−17.9)
−23.3
(−9.9)
−18.0
(−0.4)
−6.1
(21.0)
0.0
(32.0)
4.2
(39.6)
1.5
(34.7)
−5.2
(22.6)
−9.9
(14.2)
−15.6
(3.9)
−27.3
(−17.1)
−27.7
(−17.9)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 51.6
(2.03)
38.5
(1.52)
34.3
(1.35)
29.9
(1.18)
51.0
(2.01)
70.1
(2.76)
74.4
(2.93)
82.5
(3.25)
44.3
(1.74)
63.7
(2.51)
58.6
(2.31)
52.7
(2.07)
651.6
(25.66)
Average extreme snow depth cm (inches) 27
(11)
32
(13)
29
(11)
9
(3.5)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
9
(3.5)
18
(7.1)
39
(15)
Source 1: SMHI Open Data[3]
Source 2: SMHI Open Data[4]

Sightseeing[edit]

Sports[edit]

The following sports clubs are located in Avesta:

Notable people[edit]

Bands[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "Tätorternas landareal, folkmängd och invånare per km2 2015" (in Swedish). Statistics Sweden. 16 February 2016. Retrieved 10 January 2012.
  2. ^ Jöran Sahlgren; Gösta Bergman (1979). Svenska ortnamn med uttalsuppgifter (in Swedish). p. 5.
  3. ^ "SMHI Open Data" (in Swedish). Swedish Meteorological and Hydrological Institute.
  4. ^ "SMHI Open Data" (in Swedish). SMHI. 24 March 2021.
  5. ^ https://www.visitdalarna.se/en/worlds-largest-dalahorse
  6. ^ http://www.mynewsdesk.com/se/burgerking_se/pressreleases/burger-king-r-expanderar-i-dalarna-och-oeppnar-i-avesta-1317927
KML is from Wikidata