BD -22°5866

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BD -22°5866
Observation data
Epoch J2000      Equinox J2000
Constellation Aquarius
Right ascension 22h 14m 38.364s
Declination -21° 41' 53.15"'
Apparent magnitude (V) 10.1
Spectral type K5
Variable type None
Proper motion (μ) RA: 161.7 mas/yr
Dec.: 193.0 mas/yr
Absolute magnitude (MV) 12.3
Other designations
NLTT 53279, LP 875-68, RBS 1834, 2MASS J22143835-2141535, CPD-22° 8173, PPM 273545, TYC 6384-505-1.
Database references
Data sources:
Hipparcos Catalogue,
CCDM (2002),
Bright Star Catalogue (5th rev. ed.)

BD -22°5866 is a quadruple-star system located 166 light years from Earth. The four stars are each about half the mass of the Sun and are approximately 500 million years old. The system is unusual in how closely the four stars are orbiting each other; one pair has an orbital separation of at most .06 AU and an orbital period of under five days, the other pair has a separation of at most .26 AU and a period of about 55 days, and the two pairs are separated by 5.8 AU and have an orbital period of less than nine years.[1]

Since current theories of star formation indicate that stars like these could not form in such close proximity to each other, a favored explanation is that there may have been a single gaseous disk that forced them into such small orbits within the first 100,000 years of their evolution. The two pairs are currently moving farther apart due to tidal interaction, indicating that they were once even more closely associated than today.[1]