Balkan Region

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Coordinates: 40°0′N 55°0′E / 40.000°N 55.000°E / 40.000; 55.000

Balkan region in Turkmenistan
Balkan region in Turkmenistan
Country Turkmenistan
Capital Balkanabat
 • Total 139,270 km2 (53,770 sq mi)
Population (2005)
 • Total 553,500
 • Density 4.0/km2 (10/sq mi)

Balkan Region (Turkmen: Balkan welaýaty, Балкан велаяты, بلقان ولايتى) is one of the regions of Turkmenistan. It is in the far west of the country, bordering Uzbekistan, Kazakhstan, the Caspian Sea, and Iran. Its capital is Balkanabat, formerly known as Nebit Dag. Balkan is Turkish for "Wooded mountain". It has an area of 139,270 square kilometers and a population of approximately 553,500 people (2005 est.).[1] Its population density of 3.3 persons per square kilometer is the lowest in Turkmenistan.

Other cities include: Bereket, Türkmenbaşy, Gumdag, Serdar, Hazar, Gyzyletrek, Esenguly.

The Balkan Region has significant energy reserves, which account for 94% of Turkmenistan's natural gas production and 12% of its petroleum production. It also generates 18% of the country's electric power. Due to the very low water supply, agriculture is negligible, and only 4.5% of Turkmenistan's arable lands are within the province.

Off its Caspian shores the Balkan Region includes the island of Ogurja Ada, the most important island in Turkmenistan and one of the largest in the Caspian Sea.


Balkan Region is administratively divided into six districts (etraplar; singular: etrap) and seven cities (il).[2][3] Name changes since 1995 are shown in parentheses:

Railway station in Bereket city, October 2013.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Statistical Yearbook of Turkmenistan 2000-2004, National Institute of State Statistics and Information of Turkmenistan, Ashgabat, 2005.
  2. ^ Балканский Велаят Archived 2008-02-29 at the Wayback Machine.
  3. ^ Turkmenistan Districts
  4. ^ Halk Maslahaty resolution changing the status of Serdar City Archived 2009-01-07 at the Wayback Machine.