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|Classification||String instrument (plucked)|
The banjolele (brand name; sometimes banjo ukulele or banjo uke) is a four-stringed musical instrument with a small banjo-type body and a fretted ukulele neck. "Banjolele," sometimes also spelled "banjelele" or "banjulele" is a generic nickname[clarification needed] given to the instrument. The earliest known banjoleles were built by John A. Bolander and by Alvin D. Keech, both in 1917.
The instrument achieved its greatest popularity in the 1920s and '30s, and combines the small scale, tuning, and playing style of a ukulele with the construction and distinctive tone of a banjo, hence the name. Its development was pushed by the need for vaudeville performers to have an instrument that played with the ease of the ukulele, but with more volume.
Construction and tuning
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Banjo ukuleles parallel banjo construction, on a smaller scale, in terms of overall construction. They are always fretted. Most are built of wood with metal accoutrements, although the mid-century "Dixie" brand featured banjoleles made from solid metal.
Banjo ukulele heads were traditionally made of calf skin, but most modern instruments are fitted with synthetic heads. Some players prefer the natural skin heads for a more traditional tone. The bridge floats on the head and is held in place by the tension of the strings.
The banjolele is commonly tuned G–C–E–A ("C Tuning") or A–D–F♯–B ("D Tuning"), with a re-entrant 4th string. The A–D–F♯–B tuning often produces a more strident tone, and is used for this reason. Both of these tunings are known as "my dog has fleas" tunings (fifth, tonic, major third, major sixth).
The banjolele was the instrument played by British comedian George Formby (1904–61), who developed his own style of playing in accompaniment to his comic songs. His name is associated with the instrument more than that of any other musician.
In Season 2 of Orange Is the New Black, prison guard O'Neill excitedly tells Caputo about his purchase of a banjolele. He later plays it for a group of nuns.
Queen member Brian May used a banjolele in the song "Bring Back That Leroy Brown", which appeared on their third album Sheer Heart Attack, and also to compose – but not record, he used a regular ukulele instead – "Good Company" on the Night at the Opera album.
Recent users have included Jeff Claus of The Horse Flies, Alan Randall, Andy Eastwood, comedian Frank Skinner,Mr. B The Gentleman Rhymer, and Steven Universe creator Rebecca Sugar. The instrument can be heard in the theme song to the television show Arrested Development.
- George S. Sandstrom. Oakland CA. (USA)
- Gibson Guitar Corporation (USA)
- Ludwig (USA)
- Slingerland Drum Company (USA)
- Kay / Stromberg-Voisinet (USA)
- John Grey & Sons (UK)
- Alvin Keech(USA)
- Deering Banjo Company (USA)
- The Magic Fluke Company (USA)
- Oscar Schmidt Inc. (USA)
- Recording King (USA)
- Luna Guitars (USA)
- DUKE Banjoleles (NZ)
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Banjo ukuleles.|
- "Bolander Banjo Ukulele".
- Tranquada, Jim (2012). The Ukulele: a History. University of Hawaii Press. pp. 37–39. ISBN 978-0-8248-3544-6.
- Whitcomb, Ian (2012). Ukulele Heroes: The Golden Age. Milwaukee, Wisconsin: Hal Leonard Books. p. 81. ISBN 978-1-4584-1654-4.
- mega. "George Harrison - Any Road".
- Joanne Cole (27 July 2011). "Frank Skinner - Osama Bin Laden song" – via YouTube.
- davegb99 (19 November 2011). "Frank Skinner on George Formby - Why Don't Women Like Me" – via YouTube.
- BBC (22 September 2011). "Frank Skinner Plays the Banjolele - QI - Series 9 - Ep 3 - BBC Two" – via YouTube.