Bayazid Shrine Complex
|Elevation||1,450 m (4,760 ft)|
|Population (2016 Census)|
|• Total||8,609 |
|Time zone||UTC+3:30 (IRST)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+4:30 (IRDT)|
Bastam[pronunciation?] (Persian: بسطام, also romanized as Basṭām; also known as Busṭām and Bisṭām) is a city in and capital of the Bastam District of Shahrud County, Semnan Province, Iran. At the 2006 census, its population was 7,382, in 1,997 families.
Bastam was founded in the 6th century in the Greater Khorasan. It is 6 kilometres (3.7 mi) north of Shahrud. The town is known for its Islamic monuments from the Ilkhanid period and its association with the mystic Bayazid Bastami. The Alborz are to the north of the town.
The 19th-century poet, Abbas Foroughi Bastami, lived in Bastam for a time and thence acquired its name as his own. The early Bábí leader and martyr Mullá 'Alíy-i-Bastámí was also raised in Bastam, and was a significant figure in the Shaykhi movement and later became the first person known to have died for their allegiance to Bábism.
- Bastam can be found at GEOnet Names Server, at this link, by opening the Advanced Search box, entering "-3055749" in the "Unique Feature Id" form, and clicking on "Search Database".
- "Census of the Islamic Republic of Iran, 1385 (2006)". Islamic Republic of Iran. Archived from the original (Excel) on 2011-11-11.
- Bloom, Jonathan M.; Blair, Sheila S., eds. (2009). "Bistam". The Grove Encyclopedia of Islamic Art & Architecture. 1. Oxford, England: Oxford University Press. p. 291.
- Amanat, Abbas (1989). Resurrection and Renewal. Cornell University Press, New York, USA. pp. 212, 235. ISBN 0-8014-2098-9.
- R. N. Frye, “Bisṭām” Encyclopaedia of Islam, ed. by P. Bearman, et al. (Brill 2008).
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