Kosovo Pomoravlje

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For the district, see Kosovo Pomoravlje District.
Kosovo Pomoravlje
Albanian: Lugina e anamoraves Binçes
Serbian: Косовско Поморавље
geographic region
Etymology: from the Binačka Morava river
Kosovo Pomoravlje is in the eastern part of Kosovo
Kosovo Pomoravlje is in the eastern part of Kosovo
Country Kosovo

Kosovo Pomoravlje (Albanian: Lugina e Moravës Binçës; Serbian: Косово Поморавље) is a valley located in Kosovo, in the southern part of the District of Gjilan around the Binačka Morava river. It stretches eastward to the Preševo valley in southern Serbia. The mountains in this region rise to on altitude of 1,000 to 1,200 meters, and culminate the Skopska Crna Gora region bordering neighboring Macedonia, north of Skopje.[1] Gjilan, Kosovska Kamenica, Novo Brdo, Vitina are cities and municipalities in Kosovo Pomoravlje. The region gives its name to the disputed Serbian Kosovo Pomoravlje District. It is known for having recorded the lowest temperature in Kosovo with −32.5 °C (−26.5 °F) on 25 January 1963.[2]


Morava Valley of Binces Vitina

Kosovo Pomoravlje region covers those Municipalities of Kosovo:

Kosovo Pomoravlje District was a district of Serbia until 1999. After the UNMIK took control of Kosovo in 1999, it was renamed the District of Gjilan. Pomoravlje is around 50 kilometers long and around 15 kilometers wide. It is bordered by the mountain ranges Skopska Crna Gora in the south and Goljak in the north, and borders Kosovo field on the west, while at the east it is connected to the Morava Valley. The largest cities in the region are Gjilan and Bujanovac.


The region is known as "Kosovsko Pomoravlje" (Косовско Поморавље) in Serbian, literally "Morava Valley of Kosovo", and as "Lugina e Anamoraves Binçes" in Albanian, literally "Valley of Binačka Morava". The name is derived from the Binačka Morava river, a river in northern Macedonia, eastern Kosovo and Southern Serbia, which is part of the Great Morava river system.


They are mentioned by ancient authors. Herodotus who wrote in the mid fifth century BC, provides data showing that Angri river valley (South Morava), constituted the most ancient Dardanise Northeast. Dardanian ethnic situation presented as at the time of Herodotus. Procopius of Caesarea, biography Justinian wrote to Dardans and Bederiana fort, near Niš, today where he was born empire. A node where important intersect Balkan passageways that enable connection with the Aegean and the Black Sea. Morava-Vardar valley, which constitute the main axis North-South liaison, secure connection Central Aegean Sea, while the Morava Valley Binçës enable the emergence of the Danube and, consequently, also in the Black Sea [3]

The first mention of region in Gjilan was found in the 16th century. The area now has a population of 217,726. The seat of the district was in the city of Gjilan. Along with the rest of Kosovo, it was transferred to UN administration, a situation accepted by the Serbian government. In 2000 the UN administration renamed the district the District of Gjilan as part of a series of reforms . The Serbian government holds that legally the Republic of Kosovo-Pomoravlje District still exists. Morava Valley comprises the hilly countryside in southeastern Kosovo south of Gjilan and the Morava e Binces River. It stretches eastward to the Presheva (Presevo) valley in southern Serbia. The mountains in this region[clarification needed]


It consists of part of the valley and mountain edges Karadak mountains on the right and mountains of Koznik Zhegocit the left. Anamorava consists of field Vitia, Gjilan and Dardana (Kamenica Kosovo with an area about 650 km square, with a qualitative length over 40 km and width of about 16 km, with high-end and sides 500 m to 1000 m high.

According toponymic names of other countries to this side, it appears that many names Anamorava (Morava Binçës Valley) are the source of English, but during Roman rule, Serbian and Ottoman, where less with more, have left traces even in the toponymy of this area, but unable ever to pay Illyrian-Albanian continuity in this area. The district of Gjilan has a total of 6 municipalities and 287 other smaller settlements.[4]

In its immediate vicinity is the Klokot Spa with several thermal springs supposedly having high medicinal qualities. Morava region is the region which is located in the southeastern part of Kosovo. Settlements [5]

Lake Gjilan, Kosovo


The climate is continental, because there is a relative height of 410 m above sea level. No strong winds in this area. Usually breezes coming from the northeast. This smell is dry, sometimes when it comes to the rain is petite and short. The wind is cold, winter often brings snow to the minutest. Western wind which comes from the direction of Pristina, through the Pasjak Bresalci brings rain Ana-morava times, once is too strong. In people known as the "Spirit of Kosovo", and this smells say that "dip even said". From the south, towards the mountains of Karadak blows "wind" - hot south wind full of moisture, which Winter brings mild weather, this smells Skopje Turkish: Karadak, Serbian: Skopska Cernagore say "the melted snow". Anamorava and settlements around have mild winters. Throughout the field of Ana-morave as at the upper Moravo and at the lower wind currents are present. Most hot is Ana-morava Lower and higher parts are cold. Valleys can conclude that they are more protected from winds than the hills around. Dominate the northern and western winds which bring rainfall. Average annual temperature is 10.6 degrees Celsius Pomoravlje. The average temperature of the coldest month is January's -0.9 degrees C, the warmest month July with 20.7 degrees C. In Ana-morava are smaller than in rural higher slopes Mountains.[6]


Across the Field of Morava river flowing Anamorava Binqës with its branches as Karadak River, turn right Lapusnice in Kokaj and river Livoq, Mirusha Cerrnica, Perlepnica and Krivareka from the right side. Water separator Presevo Valley lies in 460 m altitude makes it a natural subject very interesting. It also represents one of the crossings Main Corridor 10 between the valley of Morava and Vardar to Give him the tourist value, communication, etc.[7] Also near the water separators, along the Moravica river bed, wet habitats are many species of birds. In a detailed study of the physical characteristics and ornitofauna -gjeografike it can be proposed that this area be taken under protection as important space for birds [8]


Anamorava Valley of Binces

Once agrarian province, in which the tobacco cultivated wheat, later wins the industrial features, especially the center of the region Gjilan, now city of about 90,000 residents textile industry, tobacco, radiators, batteries etc. Vitia, municipal center, represents an agrarian town with initial industrial metal, with Bath Klokot closely while also Kamenica municipal center, small agro-industrial city, ceramics industries.


Rail traffic passes through Binces Valley near the Morava River branches Businesses, Vranje, Skopje and road transport ( Gjilan, Ferizaj-Bujanovac- Kaqanik and Skopje is open as is known in the spring of 1888. Through areas that exceed the railway from the Turkish border to Skopje are not so attractive. The passenger, firstly passes through the valley of the river Binacka Morava, which defined the mountain south Rujan (970m), while in the north with Mount Kosharnik (950m), then the railway continues to the south, east outpace Rujan mountain, while in the west karadaku and then passes through the valley of Morava and Spa. Rujan mountain is not high, but Karadak rises to 1,593 m. Karadaku is dense and if viewed from the railways looks very colorful and sensational. Tops in the north are lower (in 1011), while in the south are higher (1552 and 1535 m).[9]

See also[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

a.   ^ Kosovo is the subject of a territorial dispute between the Republic of Kosovo and the Republic of Serbia. The Republic of Kosovo unilaterally declared independence on 17 February 2008, but Serbia continues to claim it as part of its own sovereign territory. The two governments began to normalise relations in 2013, as part of the Brussels Agreement. Kosovo has been recognised as an independent state by 108 out of 193 United Nations member states.
  1. ^ Robert Elsie (15 November 2010). Historical Dictionary of Kosovo. Scarecrow Press. pp. 29–. ISBN 978-0-8108-7483-1. 
  2. ^ in Gnjilane - AccuWeather Forecast for Gjilan Kosovo
  3. ^ id = 59143 # sthash.06WuRsWl.nv83BZNw.dpuf a compact Illyrian population Muhammad Bala published 9:05
  4. ^ Академик Божидар Видоески, Говорот на Скопска Црногорија: МЈ, 1954, V, 1, стр.1-30; 2, стр. 109-196: 2 к
  5. ^ "Komunat në rajonin e Gjilanit". 
  6. ^ Dr.Albanien poblisher Riza Çavolli: Geography Regional in Kosovo:,publisher ETMMK, Prishtina, 1997.
  7. ^ Water separator Presevo Valley
  8. ^ ( IBA - International Bird Areas )
  9. ^ ^German traveler Gopçeviq Spyridon 1888, by train , railway through Vranje - Skopje to Thessalonic


  1. * English: "History Kosovo Anamorava"Elsie, Robert (2010). A Biographical Dictionary of Albanian History (History Kosovo Anamorava. London: I.B.Tauris & Co. Ltd. p. 29. ISBN 978-1-78076-431-3. Retrieved 2015. 
  2. * Serbian: "А. Урошевић:"Гњилане. — Гласник Географског друштва, св. ХУП. Београд, 1931
  3. * Serbian: "А. Урошевић:Горња Морава и Изморник, Насеља и порекло становништва, књ. 28, Београд 1935
  4. * Serbian: Anatasije Uroševic Gornja Morava i Izmornik, Jedinnstvo.Priština 1993.(news-edicion)
  5. * Albanian: "Dr. Riza Çavolli,Geography Regional in Kosovo", publisher ETMMK, Prishtina, 1997.
  6. * Serbian: Srpski etnografski zbornik, VI "Skopska Crna Gora", Srpski etnografski zbornik, VI (Belgrade), 1905 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 42°28′N 21°28′E / 42.467°N 21.467°E / 42.467; 21.467