Kosovo Pomoravlje

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For the district, see Kosovo Pomoravlje District.
Kosovo Pomoravlje
Albanian: Lugina e anamoraves Binçes
Serbian: Косовско Поморавље
Valley
Etymology: From the Binačka Morava river
Kosovo Pomoravlje, in eastern Kosovo
Kosovo Pomoravlje, in eastern Kosovo
Country Kosovo
Bridge over a small river flowing through a town
The Binačka Morava flows through Vitina.

Kosovo Pomoravlje (Albanian: Lugina e Moravës Binçës; Serbian: Косово Поморавље) is a valley in Kosovo, in the southern part of the District of Gjilan surrounding the Binačka Morava river. It stretches eastward to the Preševo valley in southern Serbia. The mountains in this region, rising to an altitude of 1,000–1,200 metres (3,300–3,900 ft), border the Skopska Crna Gora region in neighboring Macedonia north of Skopje.[1] Gjilan, Kosovska Kamenica, Novo Brdo and Vitina are municipalities in Kosovo Pomoravlje. The region gives its name to the disputed Serbian Kosovo Pomoravlje District. It is known for recording the lowest temperature in Kosovo: −32.5 °C (−26.5 °F), on 25 January 1963.[2]

Location[edit]

Kosovo Pomoravlje District was a district of Serbia until 1999. After the United Nations Interim Administration Mission in Kosovo took control in 1999, it became the District of Gjilan. Pomoravlje is about 50 kilometres (31 mi) long and 15 kilometres (9.3 mi) wide. It is bordered by the Skopska Crna Gora mountains in the south and the Goljak in the north, and borders Kosovo field in the west. On the east, it borders the Morava Valley. The region's largest cities are Gjilan and Bujanovac.

Name[edit]

Anamorava Valley of Binces

The region is known as Kosovsko Pomoravlje (Косовско Поморавље, "Morava Valley of Kosovo") in Serbian and as Lugina e Anamoraves Binçes ("Valley of Binačka Morava") in Albanian. Its name is derived from the Binačka Morava river, which flows through northern Macedonia, eastern Kosovo and southern Serbia as part of the Great Morava river system.

History[edit]

Herodotus wrote about the region in the mid-fifth century BC.[3] The first mention of Gjilan was during the 16th century. The area, with a population of 217,726, has its seat there. With the rest of Kosovo, it was transferred to United Nations administration. In 2000, the UN renamed the district to the District of Gjilan as part of a series of reforms. The Morava Valley is the hilly countryside of southeastern Kosovo south of Gjilan and the Morava e Binces River. It stretches eastward to the Presheva (Presevo) valley in southern Serbia.

Geography[edit]

Old castle seen from downhill, with power lines in the foreground
Pogragje Castle, next to the Binačka Morava

The region includes part of the valley and the Karadak and Koznik mountains. Gjilan has six municipalities and 287 smaller settlements.[4] The spa in Klokot has several thermal springs valued for their medicinal qualities.[5]

Climate[edit]

At an altitude of 410 metres (1,350 ft) above sea level, the region has a continental climate with light winds (usually from the northeast). Rainfall is light, and winter often brings snow from the west; northern and western winds tend to bring rain.

The region's average annual temperature is 10.6 °C (51.1 °F). January's average is −0.9 °C (30.4 °F), and July's is 20.7 °C (69.3 °F).[6]

Lake with rolling, wooded hills on the opposite shore
Lake Gjilan in Kosovo

Hydrography[edit]

River map
The Morava river system

Tributaries of the Morava river system include the Karadak and Lăpușnicel Rivers. The Presevo Valley is a corridor between the Morava and Vardar valleys,[7] and the Morava valley's wetlands are home to many species of birds.[8]

Tranportation[edit]

Rail traffic passes through the Binces Valley near the Morava River tributaries.[citation needed]

See also[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

Notes
a.   ^ Kosovo is the subject of a territorial dispute between the Republic of Kosovo and the Republic of Serbia. The Republic of Kosovo unilaterally declared independence on 17 February 2008, but Serbia continues to claim it as part of its own sovereign territory. The two governments began to normalise relations in 2013, as part of the Brussels Agreement. Kosovo has been recognised as an independent state by 109 out of 193 United Nations member states.
References
  1. ^ Robert Elsie (15 November 2010). Historical Dictionary of Kosovo. Scarecrow Press. pp. 29–. ISBN 978-0-8108-7483-1. 
  2. ^ in Gnjilane - AccuWeather Forecast for Gjilan Kosovo
  3. ^ id = 59143 # sthash.06WuRsWl.nv83BZNw.dpuf a compact Illyrian population Muhammad Bala published 9:05
  4. ^ Академик Божидар Видоески, Говорот на Скопска Црногорија: МЈ, 1954, V, 1, стр.1-30; 2, стр. 109-196: 2 к
  5. ^ "Komunat në rajonin e Gjilanit". 
  6. ^ Dr.Albanien poblisher Riza Çavolli: Geography Regional in Kosovo:,publisher ETMMK, Prishtina, 1997.
  7. ^ Water separator Presevo Valley
  8. ^ ( IBA - International Bird Areas )

Bibliography[edit]

  1. * English: "History Kosovo Anamorava"Elsie, Robert (2010). A Biographical Dictionary of Albanian History (History Kosovo Anamorava. London: I.B.Tauris & Co. Ltd. p. 29. ISBN 978-1-78076-431-3. Retrieved 2015. 
  2. * Serbian: "А. Урошевић:"Гњилане. — Гласник Географског друштва, св. ХУП. Београд, 1931
  3. * Serbian: "А. Урошевић:Горња Морава и Изморник, Насеља и порекло становништва, књ. 28, Београд 1935
  4. * Serbian: Anatasije Uroševic Gornja Morava i Izmornik, Jedinnstvo.Priština 1993.(news-edicion)
  5. * Albanian: "Dr. Riza Çavolli,Geography Regional in Kosovo", publisher ETMMK, Prishtina, 1997.
  6. * Serbian: Srpski etnografski zbornik, VI "Skopska Crna Gora", Srpski etnografski zbornik, VI (Belgrade), 1905 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 42°28′N 21°28′E / 42.467°N 21.467°E / 42.467; 21.467