BioBlitz

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Base camp at a BioBlitz in Auckland, New Zealand.

A BioBlitz, also written without capitals as bioblitz, is an intense period of biological surveying in an attempt to record all the living species within a designated area. Groups of scientists, naturalists and volunteers conduct an intensive field study over a continuous time period (e.g., usually 24 hours). There is a public component to many BioBlitzes, with the goal of getting the public interested in biodiversity. To encourage more public participation, these BioBlitzes are often held in urban parks or nature reserves close to cities.[1]

Features[edit]

A BioBlitz has different opportunities and benefits than a traditional, scientific field study. Some of these potential benefits include:[2]

  • Enjoyment - Instead of a highly structured and measured field survey, this sort of event has the atmosphere of a festival. The short time frame makes the searching more exciting.
  • Local - The concept of biodiversity tends to be associated with coral reefs or tropical rain forests. A BioBlitz offers the chance for people to visit a nearby setting and see that local parks have biodiversity and are important to conserve.
  • Science - These one-day events gather basic taxonomic information on some groups of species.
  • Meet the Scientists - A BioBlitz encourages people to meet working scientists and ask them questions.
  • Identifying rare and unique species/groups - When volunteers and scientists work together, they are able to identify uncommon or special habitats for protection and management and, in some cases, rare species may be uncovered.
  • Documenting species occurrence - BioBlitzes do not provide a complete species inventory for a site, but they provide a species list which makes a basis for a more complete inventory and will often show what area or what taxon would benefit from a further study.

History[edit]

The term "BioBlitz" was first coined by U.S. National Park Service naturalist Susan Rudy while assisting with the first BioBlitz. The first BioBlitz was held at Kenilworth Aquatic Gardens, Washington D.C. in 1996. Approximately 1000 species were identified at this first event. This first accounting of biodiversity was organized by Sam Droege (USGS) and Dan Roddy (NPS) with the assistance of other government scientists.[3] The public and especially the news media were invited. Since the success of the first bioblitz, many organisations around the world have repeated this concept.

Since then, most BioBlitz contain a public component so that adults, kids, teens and anyone interested can join experts and scientists in the field. Participating in these hands-on field studies is a fun and exciting way for people to learn about biodiversity and better understand how to protect it.

In 1998, Harvard biologist E.O. Wilson and Massachusetts wildlife expert Peter Alden developed a program to catalog the organisms around Walden Pond. This led to a statewide program known as Biodiversity Days. This concept is very similar to a BioBlitz and occasionally the two terms are used interchangeably.[4]

A variation on the BioBlitz, the Blogger Blitz began in 2007. Rather than gather volunteers and scientists at one location, participant blogs pledged to conduct individual surveys of biodiveristy. These results were then compiled and mapped. The purpose of this blitz is not to survey down to species level across all taxonomic groups, but rather to raise awareness about biodiversity and provide a general snapshot of diversity.

From 2006 through 2016 National Geographic Society and the US National Park Service partnered to put on a Bioblitz in a different National Park each year[5] culminating in a Bioblitz across the National Park Service in 2016 as part of the National Park Service Centennial Celebration.[6] The iNaturalist platform was used as the recording tool for the 2014, 2015, and 2016 Centennial Bioblitzes in this series.[7] The National Park Service and National Geographic hosted the first ever nationwide National Parks BioBlitz with scientists, park managers, and the public serving as citizen scientists making more than 60,000 observations on the mobile app iNaturalist. This endeavor has currently documented nearly 7,000 species, including species that are new to parks’ species lists, and engaged an estimated 80,000 public participants. Check out the iNaturalist results.

Highlights of the 2016 nationwide BioBlitz include:

  • The National Parks BioBlitz—Washington, D.C. was the cornerstone of the national event. Nearly 300 scientists and experts led more than 2,600 students and thousands of members of the general public in all 13 of the National Capital Region’s parks. As of the closing ceremony on May 21, nearly 900 species were recorded from this area alone.
  • The Biodiversity Festival at Constitution Gardens on the National Mall served as a window to events across the country, with regular live feeds featuring species discoveries on jumbo screens located on the National Mall.
  • Dr. Edward O. Wilson, “father of biodiversity”, was a significant part of the pre-BioBlitz events, including the Special Speaker Series at the American Association for the Advancement of Science and the 2016 National Parks BioBlitz Scientist Dinner at National Geographic Headquarters on Thursday, May 19.
  • The BioBlitz Dance was a common activity throughout the festival weekend. Participants danced with John Griffith, founder of the dance, on the mainstage several times at Constitution Gardens, and on the jumbotron from other park units across the nation.
  • National parks and participating partners shared their BioBlitz activities via social media, using the hashtags #BioBlitz2016 and #FindYourPark. During the weekend’s event, #BioBlitz2016 ranked in the top 10 on Twitter!
  • At Cabrillo National Monument, Green Abalone (Haliotis fulgens) was documented. For the past thirty years, abalone have faced substantial conservation concerns due to overharvesting and disease. Their presence in the Cabrillo Rocky Intertidal Zone can be described as ephemeral at best.
  • Knife River National Park conducted an ArcheoBlitz. A centuries-old bison tooth was found at Big Hidatsa Village, which was occupied from about 1740 to 1850. DNA extracted from this tooth can provide data on bison populations before their near-extinction at the end of the 19th century, a useful comparison for managers of modern herds.
  • At Great Smoky Mountain National Park, experts teamed up with about 100 5thgraders. Together they set out to explore pollinators and succeeded in discovering nearly 200 species. While it is too early to tell if they found any new species, they have added significant information to the park’s database.
  • Craters of the Moon National Monument and Preserve conducted a lichen survey and added several new species to their park list. One of those identified is Xanthoria elegans. This species of lichen was known to have resided on the International Space Station for a year and a half.
  • Channel Islands National Park broadcast a dive with oceanographer and National Geographic Explorer, Dr. Sylvia Earle, with support from the National Park Trust. The feed was featured online and on the jumbotrons on the National Mall and enabled the public to follow the exploration of the one of the richest marine ecosystems in the world, the giant kelp forest.
  • The National Parks BioBlitz used the iNaturalist app to deliver real-time information on species finds. Verified data will be included in National Park Service databases and international databases tracking biodiversity on the planet. This application can be used by parks and citizen scientists well into the future.
  • Beginning with the 2010 NPS/NGS BioBlitz at Biscayne National Park, NPS initiated a corps of Biodiversity Youth Ambassadors. Each year through 2016, a student ambassador is selected by the host park to participate in the BioBlitz and assist in raising biodiversity awareness to their peers and in their home communities. In addition to the new NCR Biodiversity Youth Ambassador, Ms. Katherine Hagan, Ms. Mikaila Ulmer, 11, was selected to be the National Park Service Biodiversity Youth Ambassador representing the President’s Pollinator Conservation Initiative for the National Park Service.

BioBlitzes by country[edit]

Australia[edit]

  • The Woodland Watch Project (part of the World Wide Fund for Nature (WWF) has organised BioBlitz's in the wheatbelt area of Western Australia in 2002, 2003, 2004, 2006, 2008, 2009 and 2010.
  • Two 'SpiderBlitz's' (variants of the BioBlitz concept) were organised in 2007 and 2008 in the wheatbelt by WWF to focus attention on threatened trapdoor spiders, and their unique habitats.
  • Wheatbelt Natural Resource Management Wheatbelt NRM ran a BioBlitz around the wheatbelt town of Korrelocking in 2012.[8][9]
  • The Discovery Circle program (UniSA) ran two BioBlitzes at a park in Salisbury and wetlands at Marion, South Australia.
  • The Atlas of Life in the Coastal Wilderness www.alcw.org.au has run three successful bioblitzes - in Bermagui 2012, Pambula 2014 and Mimosa Rocks National Park 2014. the Atlas of Life works in association with the Atlas of Living Australia (the national biodiversity database)
  • Tarkine BioBlitz, 19–22 November 2015, was the first BioBlitz in Tasmania. More than 100 people surveyed moorland, rainforest, rivers and coastline in the remote Tarkine region in support of the Bob Brown Foundation's campaign for a Tarkine National Park to protect the natural values of the region.
  • Melbourne City Council conducted a BioBlitz in 2014 and 2016, engaging citizens in nature conservation in cities [5].

Canada[edit]

Active Bioblitz

  • The Robert Bateman Get to Know BioBlitz[10] started in 2010 to celebrate the international year of biodiversity. In a partnership with Parks Canada there were many sites all across Canada which celebrated bioblitzes on the international day of biodiversity (May 22).
  • British Columbia
    • There has been an annual BioBlitz in Whistler, BC since 2007. The 2013 BioBlitz reported 497 species.[11]
    • Metro Vancouver has hosted their annual BioBlitz at Burnaby Lake Regional Park since 2010. This bioblitz has a large public participation component with lots of activities including pond dipping, nature walks and meeting live animals up close. The species count currently stands at 488, including a Western Screech Owl, Red-legged Frog, Brassy Minnows and Common Fern which, despite its name, had never been found in the area before.[12]
  • Ontario:
    • The Royal Ontario Museum and several other organizations have sponsored BioBlitz in the Toronto area since 2012, with the 2015 event scheduled for the Don River watershed. The 2014 Humber BioBlitz had over 500 participants and counted 1,560 species, including 2 spiders that were new to Canada.[13]

Inactive and historic BioBlitz

  • The Canadian Biodiversity Institute held numerous BioBlitzes between 1997 and 2001.[14]
  • Victoria's Beacon Hill has had two BioBlitzes, in April 2007 and October 2007. They successfully gave thanks for the biodiversity of the region. Beacon Hill has since been a site for Arborblitzs, which focus on identifying all the trees within the park.
  • Saint Mary's University (Halifax) held BioBlitz in Nova Scotia between 2008 and 2010 with the report on the 2010 BioBlitz available here.[15][16]
  • The Warren Lake BioBlitz was scheduled for 11–13 August 2011. Warren Lake is on the east side of Cape Breton Highlands National Park. There is a hiking trail which circumnavigates the lake and it will be considered the border of the BioBlitz, i.e., there will be quite an extensive aquatic focus.
  • Stanley Park in Vancouver held BioBlitz between 2011 and 2013.[17]
  • Harrison Hot Springs had a BioBlitz in July 2011 to highlight the biodiversity of species in the Fraser Valley.[18]

Hong Kong[edit]

First HKBioBlitz was organized by Tai Tam Tuk Foundation from 24-25 Oct,2015. 50 experts leading 300 secondary students recorded 578 species in 30 hours, covering marine, terrestrial and intertidal habitats, in Tai Tam site of special scientific interest (SSSI). This event comes as part of the ‘Biodiversity Festival 2015’, an Agriculture, Fisheries and Conservation Department (AFCD) lead project that encompasses many events, exhibitions and seminars, and is a major section of Hong Kong’s Biodiversity Strategy and Action Plan (BSAP). Highlights included 2 species of moth that are extremely rare and native to Hong Kong, the first official record of coral in Tai Tam Bay and the first official record of juvenile horseshoe crabs on Hong Kong island.

Ireland[edit]

  • An Ireland's BioBlitz Event has been held annually since 2010 - established by the National Biodiversity Data Centre http://www.biodiversityireland.ie/ to celebrate International Year of Biodiversity. A unique feature of this event is that it has a number of parks through the island competing against each other to see which site records the most species over a 24hr period. The event is usually held on the third weekend in May each year.
  • In 2010, the first year it was held, Connemara National Park won the competition having recording 542 species. In 2011, Killareny National Park won the event having recorded an astonishing tally of 1088 species. Crawfordsburn Country Park won in 2012 having recorded 984 species. All of the data are made available through an online mapping system, Biodiversity Maps http://maps.biodiversityireland.ie/# and hard copy species lists are produced http://bioblitz.biodiversityireland.ie/bioblitz-species-lists-now-available/
  • The event is co-ordinated by the National Biodiversity Data Centre who maintain a special website http://bioblitz.biodiversityireland.ie/ each year so that progress with the event can be tracked on-line.
  • To cater for the success of BioBlitz in Ireland, support is provided for a special 'Local BioBlitz Challenge' for local sites. Also, on 14–15 June 2013 Limerick City hosts the first Urban BioBlitz in Ireland.
  • On May 1, 2014 the first Intervaristy BioBlitz was held with support from the National Biodiversity Data Centre. University College Cork, National University of Ireland Galway, Trinity, Dublin City University and Dundalk IT all competed to count Biodiversity on campus, with NUIG being the inaugural winner.

Israel[edit]

  • On April 24, 2014, the first BioBlitz in Israel took place in Yeruham lake park. The event was supported by Ben Gurion University of the Negev. 531 different species were found.[19] A second Bioblitz is scheduled to take place on March 26, 2015.

Malaysia[edit]

New Zealand[edit]

Dr Peter Buchanan, the organiser of the 2004-2008 Auckland BioBlitzes
  • Landcare Research, in conjunction with colleagues in other institutes and agencies, held BioBlitzes in Auckland in 2004, 2005, 2006, and 2008; and in Christchurch in 2005. A BioBlitz was planned for early April 2009 in Christchurch. Other New Zealand BioBlitzes have been held in Hamilton and in Wellington.
  • The first marine BioBlitz occurred on the Wellington South Coast over a month, since a marine BioBlitz is trickier weatherwise than a terrestrial one.
  • In March 2012 Forest and Bird organised a BioBlitz on the Denniston Plateau on the West Coast of the South Island. It is the site of the proposed Escarpment Mine Project.[21]

Poland[edit]

  • The first BioBlitz in Poland was organized in Sopot in May 2008 by the Polish Scientific Committee on Oceanic Research of the Polish Academy of Sciences.[22]

Portugal[edit]

  • Faro was the first city in Portugal to have a BioBlitz, in October 2009.

Spain[edit]

  • In Formentera (Balearic Islands), during the Posidonia Festival 2008, there was a bioblitz.[23]
  • Barcelona (Catalonia) hosts a BioBlitz yearly since 2010, organized by Barcelona City Council, University of Barcelona and Natural History Museum of Barcelona, in collaboration with several naturalist and scientific societies. First BioBlitzBcn was held in June 2010 at Laberint d'Horta and Parc de la Ciutadella. Second in October 2011 at Jardí Botànic de Barcelona. Third in May 2012 at Jardí Botànic Històric.

Sweden[edit]

  • Sweden's first BioBlitz was organized in Röttle (Gränna) on the 4th and 5 August 2012.[24]
  • On the 7th and 8 September 2012 a BioBlitz was organized in Fliseryd near the river Emån.[25] A total of 345 species were reported in this former industrial site on islands in the river.[26]
  • Sweden's fourth BioBlitz will be organized in Högsby on June 5 and 6 2014.

Taiwan[edit]

  • Taipei 228 Peace Park 2008 BioBlitz on December 20, sponsored by Taiwan Forestry Bureau and National Taiwan Museum, found more than 180 plants, 11 birds and 1 mammal.

Trinidad & Tobago[edit]

  • Tucker Valley BioBlitz 2012 was the first bioblitz in Trinidad and possibly the Caribbean. It was organised by Mike G. Rutherford, curator of the University of the West Indies Zoology Museum (UWIZM) with help from the Trinidad and Tobago Field Naturalists' Club (TTFNC) and was sponsored by First Citizens Bank. The 24-hour event found 654 species - 211 plants and 443 animals. http://sta.uwi.edu/fst/lifesciences/TuckerValleyBioblitz2012.asp
  • Arima Valley BioBlitz 2013 was again organised by Rutherford along with the UWIZM and TTFNC and was based at the Asa Wright Nature Centre. The event found 139 vertebrates, 247 inver-tebrates, 30 fungi, 7 diatoms and 317 plants making a total of 740 species. http://sta.uwi.edu/fst/lifesciences/ArimaValleyBioblitz2013.asp

United Kingdom[edit]

Bristol Natural History Consortium now host the National BioBlitz Network. (www.bnhc.org.uk)

  • First UK Marine BioBlitz undertaken by the Marine Biological Association and the Natural History Museum together with other partners. Wembury, South Devon 2009 (http://www.mba.ac.uk/bioblitz/)
  • Bristol May 21/22 - Organised by Bristol Natural History Consortium
  • Northumberland May 21/22 - Organised by Northumberland Biodiversity Network
  • New Forest National Park May 21/22 - Organised by New Forest National Park Authority
  • Swansea May 21/22 - Organised by Swansea City Council
  • Cairngorms May 22 - Organised by Cairngorms Biodiversity
  • Dundee May 29/30 - Organised by Dundee City Council
  • Leicester May 25/26 - Organised by Leicester City and County Council
  • Isle of Wight June 2 - Organised by Isle of Wight Council
  • London June 5 - Organised by OPAL
  • Derby June 5/6 - Organised by Derby City Council
  • Brighton June 6 - Organised by Sussex Wildlife Trust
  • Mothecombe, Devon, -June 11/12, 2010- Marine and coastal BioBlitz - Organised by OPAL and the Marine Biological Association (http://www.mba.ac.uk/bioblitz)
  • Jersey June 11/12 - Organised by the Durrell Wildlife Conservation Trust
  • Fife June 25/26 - Organised by Fife Coast and Countryside Trust and "Celebrating Fife 2010"
  • Cambridge July 2/3 - Organised by Cambridge University
  • Lincolnshire July 9/10 - Organised by Lincolnshire Wildlife Trust
  • Nottingham July 18 - Organised by Nottinghamshire Biodiversity Action Group
  • Bristol July 24 - Organised by the BNHC
  • Flintshire July 31 - Organised by Flintshire County Council
  • North Ayrshire August 1–6 - Organised by North Ayrshire Council
  • Lancashire August 7/8 - Organised by Lancashire Wildlife Trust
  • Kent August 12 - Organised by Kent Wildlife Trust
  • Corfe Mullen August 28 - Organised by Corfe Mullen Nature Watch
  • Cornwall September 4 - Organised by ERCCIS
  • North Devon September 17 - Organised by Coastwise North Devon.[27]
  • Sandford School - June 10, 2011 - organised by Ambios
  • Mount Edgcumb, Cornwall, September 2011. Marine and coastal bioblitz organised by the Marine Biological Association (http://www.mba.ac.uk/bioblitz/)

United States[edit]

  • Alaska: The Chugach National Forest and Alaska Department of Fish & Game-Diversity Program organized the first BioBlitz in Southcentral Alaska on July 23 and 24, 2011, to coincide with the International Year of Forests.
  • Arizona: More than 5,500 people, including 2,000 students and 150 scientists, attended the 2011 Saguaro BioBlitz, (October 21–22) and discovered 859 species during the 24 hour inventory period. Included in that total were more than 400 species, mostly invertebrate animals and non-vascular plants, which were previously unknown in the park. The accompanying Biodiversity Festival had an integrated art program that included pieces featuring local species, created by local students, seniors, and artists.
  • California: The Santa Monica Mountains NPS/National Geographic Society BioBlitz (May 30–31, 2008) was accomplished through collaboration with the Santa Monica Mountains Conservancy, California State Parks, and Los Angeles Recreation and Parks Department. Six thousand participants discovered more than 1,700 species during the 24 hour inventory period.
    • California: The San Diego Zoo Institute for Conservation Research hosted a BioBlitz in the San Dieguito River Park on the North Shore of Lake Hodges in Escondido April 25–26.
    • California: The San Diego Natural History Museum began hosting a yearly BioBlitz starting in 2008. The 2008 BioBlitz was held in Balboa Park and in 2009 the event was held at Mission Trails Regional Park on May 1–2.
    • California: The Santa Barbara Botanic Garden organized a BioBlitz of its natural spaces in May 2007.
    • California: Golden Gate National Recreation Area: On March 28–29, 2014, participants in the BioBlitz at Golden Gate Park sites, including Pt. Reyes National Seashore, Muir Woods National Monument, the Presidio of San Francisco, Mori Point, and Rancho Corral de Tierra observed and recorded biodiversity in habitats ranging from the redwood canopy to windswept beaches. Highlights included the first ever canopy survey of redwoods at Muir Woods, the first-ever, park sighting of a climbing salamander in Muir Woods; sightings of great horned, spotted, barred and saw-whet owls; and a mountain lion at Corral de Tierra.
  • Colorado: The National Wildlife Federation has been providing a toolset based on the eNature.com species data in the Denver/Boulder metropolitan area since 2004. Results are online.
    • Colorado: On August 24–25, 2012, more than 150 scientists joined forces with 5,000 people of all ages and backgrounds to seek out the living creatures in Rocky Mountain National Park. Inventories took place in various ecological life zones, including ponderosa pine forests, the subalpine region, the tundra, and mountain meadows. Among the overall total of 490 species discovered, 138 were previously unknown to be in the park. A companion festival at the Estes Park Fairgrounds advanced and celebrated public awareness of biodiversity.
  • Connecticut:
    BioBlitz 2016 scientists at work
    2016 Connecticut BioBlitz scientists at work
    The Center for Conservation and Biodiversity and Connecticut State Museum of Natural History have held nine BioBlitz events since 1999.[28] The current record for a single Connecticut BioBlitz was set June 3–4, 2016 in a 5-mile radius around the Two Rivers Magnet School in East Hartford, where 2,765 species were recorded in the 24-hour period.[29] Many of the organisms sighted in the 2016 BioBlitz were documented in an online iNaturalist project.[30] The previous record was set in 2001 at Tarrywile Park in Danbury, where 2,519 species were recorded in the 24-hour period.[31][32]
  • District of Columbia: A BioBlitz at the Kenilworth Park and Aquatic Gardens in Washington, D.C. in 1996 found approximately 1000 species.
    • Washington, D.C. 2007: The National Geographic Society held a BioBlitz in Rock Creek Park on May 18–19. The event was later on a segment of the TV series Wild Chronicles which airs on PBS. Participants included J. Michael Fay, Sylvia Earle, and Boyd Matson. The first National Park Service/National Geographic Society BioBlitz took place on May 18–19, 2007. A wide breadth of taxonomic groups was examined, including amphibians and reptiles, invertebrates, birds, fish, fungi, mammals, plants, insects, and more. The total number of species found was 661 over a 24-hour period.
  • Florida: In Manatee County, the local government's Department of Natural Resources (formerly Conservation Lands Management) has sponsored annual BioBlitz events, every spring since 2007. The surveys rotate between the county's different parks and preserves. This event, however, involves only a 12-hour survey instead of the standard 24-hour.
    • Florida: On April 30-May 1, 2010, 2,500 citizen scientists worked with their professional counterparts to explore life in one of the nation’s largest marine national parks, Biscayne National Park. More than 800 species were found, including a number of species rare to the park, such as the mangrove cuckoo, and silver hairstreak butterfly. Also 11 species of lichen and 22 species of ants were found that had not previously been documented in the park.
  • Hawaii: At Punahou School, a biannual BioBlitz is organized by the students. The event examines certain parts of the campus, and has been held there since the summer of 2008. The BioBlitz there happens once in winter, and once in summer.
    • Hawai'i: at Hawai'i Volcanoes National Park in 2015, working under the theme of I ka nānā no a ’ike (“By observing, one Learns”), traditional Hawaiian cultural practitioners, “alakai’i,” were integrated into the survey teams, providing a holistic approach to the research and exploration activities. More than 170 leading scientists and alakai’i, teamed with thousands of public participants of all ages to explore one of the most fascinating biological landscapes in the world. Together they documented species that thrive in ecosystems from sea level to the summit of Kīlauea Volcano. Exciting finds included 22 new species added to the park’s species list, and sightings of 73 threatened species, including the nēnē and Kamehameha butterfly. The number of fungi species on the park’s list more than doubled, with 17 new fungi documented at the close of the event.
  • Illinois: The Field Museum of Natural History and other organizations held a BioBlitz in Chicago in 2002. There are several bioblitzes in parts of the forest preserves of Cook and Lake County.
  • Indiana: Indiana Dunes National Park - On May 16-16, 2009, more than 150 scientists, assisted by 2,000 grade school students and other members of the public, explored the sand dunes, lake shore, forests, wetlands, prairie, and streams of the recreation area. The excitement persevered through driving rain and high winds and resulted in the discovery of more than 1,200 species.
  • Louisiana: The NPS/National Geographic Society BioBlitz at Jean Lafitte National Historical Park and Preserve (May 17–18, 2013), brought together leading scientists and naturalists from around the country and local citizens of all ages. Inventories included herpetofaunal counts, aquatic and terrestrial invertebrate inventories, avifauna observations, and native and non-native plant surveys. Participants also used technology, such as tree cameras and smartphones, to record and understand the diverse ecosystems of this unique national park. At the time of the event’s closing ceremony, 458 species had been identified, including a rare Louisiana milk snake, 288 plants, and 122 invertebrate specie.
  • Maine: The Maine Entomological Society [33] and other organizations have been holding Entomological BioBlitzes at Acadia National Park every summer since 2003. Results of the 2003-2011 blitzes were summarized by Chandler et al., 2012,[34] showing that 1,605 species representing 348 families of insects were taken and identified over the 8-year period. Many were new to the Park fauna, and a significant number were also new to the known state fauna.
  • Maryland/DC/Virginia, 2006: The Nature Conservancy sponsored a Potomac Gorge BioBlitz where more than 130 field biologists and experienced naturalists volunteered their expertise in an effort to see how many species they could find. During a 30-hour survey period from Saturday, June 24, through Sunday, June 25 their surveys revealed more than 1,000 species.
    • Maryland: Jug Bay BioBlitz was sponsored by the Maryland-National Capital Park and Planning Commission’s (M-NCPPC) Patuxent River Park staff and rangers, May 30–31, 2009.
  • Massachusetts
  • Minnesota: A group of organizations including the Bell Museum of Natural History has sponsored BioBlitzes in natural areas in or near the Twin Cities yearly in June since 2004.[36]
  • Missouri: Sponsored by the Academy of Science of St. Louis, partners from the public, academic and corporate sectors collaborate on the Academy of Science-St. Louis BioBlitz at urban parks, such as Forest Park in St Louis . Held at least once a year since 2006, the Academy's BioBlitz has hosted future BioBlitz leaders from throughout the country and is a signature event of one of the oldest Academies of Science in the USA. www.academyofsciencestl.org
  • New Hampshire:
  • New Jersey State
  • New York State
  • North Carolina: The North Carolina Botanical Garden in collaboration with the Morehead Planetarium sponsor an annual bioblitz in September on garden-owned property.
  • Ohio: The Geauga Park District has hosted an annual BioBlitz at different park district properties since 2003.
  • Oklahoma: The Oklahoma Biological Survey hosted an annual BioBlitz at different locations around Oklahoma starting in 2001. Their 2010 BioBlitz will be held on October 8–9 at Kaw Lake in north-central Oklahoma with a base camp at Camp McFadden.
  • Rhode Island: Rhode Island Natural History Survey has conducted annual BioBlitzes in the state since 2000.
  • Vermont: The Vermont Institute of Natural Science held a BioBlitz in 2004 at Hartford.
  • Washington: BioBlitzes conducted using NatureTracker software on PDAs for conservation planning.[42]/
  • Wisconsin: The non-profit Biodiversity Project held three Great Lakes BioBlitzes with support from the Wisconsin Coastal Management Program and NOAA in 2004. The sites were Riverside Park in Milwaukee; Baird Creek Parkway in Green Bay; and Wisconsin Point in Superior.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "BioBlitz - Definition of BioBlitz n the Entomologists' glossary". Amateur Entomologists' Society (AES). 
  2. ^ "Bio-blitz home page". Patuxent Wildlife Research Center. 
  3. ^ "Kenilworth BioBlitz Home Page". Patuxent Wildlife Research Center. Retrieved 20 February 2012. 
  4. ^ "About". 
  5. ^ "National Geographic". http://nationalgeographic.org/projects/bioblitz/.  External link in |website= (help);
  6. ^ "National Geographic". https://www.nps.gov/subjects/biodiversity/national-parks-bioblitz.htm.  External link in |website= (help);
  7. ^ "iNaturalist". http://www.inaturalist.org/stats/nps_bioblitz.  External link in |website= (help);
  8. ^ "2012 BioBlitz at Korrelocking". Bennelongia. 26 September 2012. Retrieved 16 September 2016. 
  9. ^ "Wheatbelt Bioblitz discovers unique species". Australian Broadcasting Corporation. 27 September 2012. Retrieved 16 September 2016. 
  10. ^ http://www.gettoknow.ca/events/bioblitz/
  11. ^ "2103 Whistler BioBlitz summary". Retrieved 1 January 2015. 
  12. ^ http://bioblitz.burnabylakepark.ca/index.html
  13. ^ "2014 Humber BioBlitz summary". Retrieved 1 January 2015. 
  14. ^ "Canadian Biodiversity Institute Online". 
  15. ^ "2010 BioBlitz Report" (PDF). Faculty of Science, St. Mary's University. Retrieved 31 December 2014. 
  16. ^ "Saint Mary's University BioBlitz - Past BioBlitz". Retrieved 20 February 2012. 
  17. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2011-09-30. Retrieved 2011-08-25. 
  18. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2012-03-31. Retrieved 2011-08-25. 
  19. ^ "Hoopoe, Yeruham Center of Ecology and Ornithology, Google + site". https://groups.google.com/forum/#!topic/yerucham1/LIXRoAm0ZpM.  External link in |website= (help);
  20. ^ "MY Garden Birdwatch". http://www.mygardenbirdwatch.com/.  External link in |website= (help);
  21. ^ Cairns, Lois (19 February 2012). "Mining opponents plan blitz to help protect Coast plateau". Sunday Star Times. 
  22. ^ Institute of Oceanology of the Polish Academy of Sciences
  23. ^ Bioblitz Archived May 31, 2009, at the Wayback Machine.
  24. ^ [1]
  25. ^ [2]
  26. ^ [3][permanent dead link]
  27. ^ "2016 Croyde Bioblitz". 16 September 2016. Retrieved 16 September 2016. 
  28. ^ "BioBlitz- University of Connecticut". web.uconn.edu. Retrieved 2016-06-06. 
  29. ^ "Connecticut State BioBlitz 2016 | Connecticut State BioBlitz 2016". ctbioblitz.uconn.edu. Retrieved 2016-06-06. 
  30. ^ "Connecticut State Bioblitz 2016, East Hartford, CT". iNaturalist.org. Retrieved 2016-06-06. 
  31. ^ http://hydrodictyon.eeb.uconn.edu/bioblitz2001/results.php[permanent dead link]
  32. ^ http://news.nationalgeographic.com/news/2001/06/0614_bioblitz.html
  33. ^ http://www.colby.edu/MES
  34. ^ Chandler, D.S., D. Manski, C. Donahue and A. Alyokhin, 2012: Biodiversity of the Schoodic Peninsula: Results of the Insect and Arachnid Bioblitzes at the Schoodic District of Acadia National Park, Maine; Maine Agricultural and Forest Experiment Station, Technical Bulletin 206; 210 pp.
  35. ^ TDWG Techno/BioBlitz
  36. ^ "BioBlitz". Bell Museum of Natural History. October 21, 2013. Archived from the original on 12 March 2014. Retrieved 12 March 2014. 
  37. ^ "BioBlitz Makes Coastal Species Count - Gateway National Recreation Area (U.S. National Park Service)". www.nps.gov. Retrieved 2016-01-08. 
  38. ^ "Atlantic Herald". Atlantic Herald. Retrieved 2016-01-08. 
  39. ^ http://news.nationalgeographic.com/news/2003/07/0708_030708_bioblitzresults.html
  40. ^ http://nymag.com/news/intelligencer/topic/central-park-animals-2013-9/
  41. ^ Macaulay Honors College BioBlitz website [4] Accessed 2014–9–4
  42. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2007-03-30. Retrieved 2007-05-14. 

External links[edit]