Bobby Bland

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Bobby "Blue" Bland
BobbyBland1996.jpg
Bland at the Long Beach Blues Festival, 1996
Background information
Birth name Robert Calvin Brooks
Also known as "Blue" or "The Lion of the Blues"
Born (1930-01-27)January 27, 1930
Barretville, Tennessee, U.S.
Died June 23, 2013(2013-06-23) (aged 83)
Germantown, Tennessee, U.S.
Genres Blues, soul blues, R&B, soul
Occupation(s) Singer-songwriter, arranger, bandleader
Instruments Vocals, harmonica
Labels Chess, Modern, Malaco, Duke, ABC
Associated acts B.B. King, Lonnie Mack, Junior Parker
Website bobbybluebland.com

Robert Calvin Bland ( Robert Calvin Brooks; January 27, 1930 – June 23, 2013), known professionally as Bobby "Blue" Bland, was an American blues singer.

Bland developed a sound that mixed gospel with the blues and R&B.[1] He was described as "among the great storytellers of blues and soul music... [who] created tempestuous arias of love, betrayal and resignation, set against roiling, dramatic orchestrations, and left the listener drained but awed."[2] He was sometimes referred to as the "Lion of the Blues" and as the "Sinatra of the Blues".[3] His music was also influenced by Nat King Cole.[4]

Bland was inducted into the Blues Hall of Fame in 1981, the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in 1992, and the Memphis Music Hall of Fame in 2012. He received the Grammy Lifetime Achievement Award in 1997.[5] The Rock and Roll Hall of Fame described him as "second in stature only to B.B. King as a product of Memphis's Beale Street blues scene".[3]

Biography[edit]

Early life[edit]

Bland was born Robert Calvin Brooks in the small town of Barretville, Tennessee.[1][6][7] His father, I.J. Brooks, abandoned the family not long after Robert's birth. Robert later acquired the name "Bland" from his stepfather, Leroy Bridgeforth, who was also called Leroy Bland.[7] Robert never graduated from school.[citation needed]

With his mother, Bland moved to Memphis in 1947, where he started singing with local gospel groups, including the Miniatures. Eager to expand his interests, he began frequenting the city's famous Beale Street, where he became associated with an ad hoc circle of aspiring musicians including B.B. King, Rosco Gordon, Junior Parker and Johnny Ace, who collectively called themselves the Beale Streeters.[1][2][8]

Early career[edit]

Between 1950 and 1952, Bland recorded commercially unsuccessful singles for Modern Records and, at Ike Turner's suggestion, for Sun Records (which licensed its recordings to Chess Records). He then signed a contract with Duke Records.[9] Bland's recordings from the early 1950s show him striving for individuality, but his progress was halted for two years while he served in the U.S. Army, during which time he performed in a band with the singer Eddie Fisher.[10]

When Bland returned to Memphis in 1954, several of his former associates, including Johnny Ace, were enjoying considerable success. He joined Ace's revue and returned to Duke Records, which was then being run by the Houston entrepreneur Don Robey. According to his biographer Charles Farley, "Robey handed Bobby a new contract, which Bobby could not read, and helped Bobby sign his name on it". The contract gave Bland just half a cent per record sold, instead of the industry standard of 2 cents.[9]

Bland released his first single for Duke in 1955.[8] In 1956 he began touring on the chitlin' circuit with Junior Parker in a revue called Blues Consolidated, initially doubling as Parker's valet and driver.[11] He began recording for Duke with the bandleader Bill Harvey and the arranger Joe Scott, asserting his characteristic vocal style and, with Harvey and Scott, beginning to craft the melodic big-band blues singles for which he became famous, often accompanied by the guitarist Wayne Bennett.[9] Unlike many blues musicians, Bland played no instrument.[3]

Commercial success[edit]

Bland's first chart success came in 1957 with "Farther Up the Road", which reached number 1 on the R&B chart and number 43 on the Billboard Hot 100. It was followed by a series of hits on the R&B chart, including "Little Boy Blue" (1958).[12] He also recorded an album with Parker, Blues Consolidated, in 1958.[2] Bland's craft was most clearly heard on a series of early-1960s releases, including "Cry Cry Cry", "I Pity the Fool" (number 1 on the R&B chart in 1961) and "Turn On Your Love Light", which became a much-covered standard. Despite credits to the contrary—often claimed by Robey—many of these classic works were written by Joe Scott.[1] Bland also recorded a hit version of T-Bone Walker's "Call It Stormy Monday (But Tuesday Is Just As Bad)", which was erroneously given the title of a different song, "Stormy Monday Blues".[2]

His last record to reach number 1 on the R&B chart was "That's the Way Love Is", in 1963,[12] but he continued to produce a consistent run of R&B chart entries through the mid-1960s. He barely broke into the mainstream market; his highest-charting song on the pop chart, "Ain't Nothing You Can Do", peaked at number 20 in 1964, in the same week in which the Beatles held down the top five spots. Bland's records mostly sold on the R&B market rather than achieving crossover success. He had 23 Top Ten hits on the Billboard R&B chart. In the book Top R&B/Hip-Hop Singles: 1942–1995, by Joel Whitburn, Bland was ranked number 13 of the all-time top-charting artists.[12]

Later career[edit]

Bland, 1974

Financial pressures forced the singer to cut his touring band and in 1968 the group broke up. He suffered from depression and became increasingly dependent on alcohol,[1] but he stopped drinking in 1971. His record company, Duke Records, was sold to the larger ABC Records group. This resulted in several successful and critically acclaimed contemporary blues and soul albums including His California Album and Dreamer, arranged by Michael Omartian and produced by ABC staffer Steve Barri. The albums, including the later "follow-up" in 1977, Reflections in Blue, were recorded in Los Angeles and featured many of the city's top session musicians at the time.

The first single released from His California Album, "This Time I'm Gone for Good" took Bland back into the pop Top 50 for the first time since 1964 and made the R&B top 10 in late 1973. The opening track from Dreamer, "Ain't No Love in the Heart of the City", was a strong R&B hit. A version of it was released in 1978 by the hard-rock band Whitesnake, featuring the singer David Coverdale. Much later it was sampled by Kanye West on Jay-Z's hip-hop album The Blueprint (2001). The song is also featured on the soundtrack of the crime drama The Lincoln Lawyer (2011), starring Matthew McConaughey.[13] The follow-up, "I Wouldn't Treat a Dog" was his biggest R&B hit for some years, climbing to number 3 in late 1974, but as usual his strength was never the pop chart (on which it reached number 88). Subsequent attempts at adding a disco flavor were mostly unsuccessful. A return to his roots in 1980 for a tribute album to his mentor Joe Scott, produced by music veterans Monk Higgins and Al Bell, resulted in the album Sweet Vibrations, but it failed to sell well outside of his traditional "chitlin circuit" base.

In 1985, Bland signed a contract with Malaco Records, specialists in traditional Southern black music, for which he made a series of albums while continuing to tour and appear at concerts with B. B. King. The two had collaborated on two albums in the 1970s. Despite occasional age-related ill health, Bland continued to record new albums for Malaco and perform occasional tours alone, with the guitarist and producer Angelo Earl and also with B. B. King, and performed at blues and soul festivals worldwide. Bland was inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in 1992. The Rock and Roll Hall of Fame described him as "second in stature only to B. B. King as a product of Memphis's Beale Street blues scene".[3]

Collaborations and tributes[edit]

The Irish singer-songwriter Van Morrison was an early adherent of Bland, covering "Turn On Your Love Light" while with the band Them (he later covered "Ain't Nothing You Can't Do" on his 1974 live album It's Too Late to Stop Now), and Bland has occasionally been a guest singer at Morrison's concerts. He also included a previously unreleased version of a March 2000 duet of Morrison and Bland singing "Tupelo Honey" on his 2007 compilation album, The Best of Van Morrison Volume 3.

In 2008 the British singer and lead vocalist of Simply Red, Mick Hucknall, released the album Tribute to Bobby, containing songs associated with Bland. The album reached 18 in the UK Albums Chart.[14][15]

Death[edit]

Bland continued performing until shortly before his death. He died on June 23, 2013, at his home in Germantown, Tennessee, a suburb of Memphis, after what family members described as "an ongoing illness". He was 83.[7][16][17][18] After his death, his son Rodd told news media that Bland had recently told him that the blues musician James Cotton was Bland's half-brother.[7]

Discography[edit]

Studio albums[edit]

  • Two Steps from the Blues, 1961 (Duke Records), 2002 (MCA)
  • Here's the Man!, 1962 (Duke Records)
  • Call on Me/That's the Way Love Is, 1963 (Duke Records)
  • Ain't Nothing You Can Do, 1964 (Duke Records)
  • The Soul of the Man, 1966 (Duke Records)
  • Touch of the Blues, 1967 (Duke Records)
  • Spotlighting the Man, 1969 (Duke Records)
  • His California Album, 1973 (Dunhill Records)
  • Dreamer, 1974 (Dunhill Records)
  • Get On Down, 1975 (ABC Records)
  • Reflections in Blue, 1977 (ABC Records)
  • Come Fly with Me, 1978 (ABC Records)
  • I Feel Good, I Feel Fine, 1979 (MCA Records)
  • Sweet Vibrations, 1980 (MCA 27076), tribute to Joe Scott
  • Try Me, I'm Real, 1981 (MCA 5233)
  • Here We Go Again, 1982 (MCA 5297)
  • Tell Mr Bland, 1983 (MCA 5425)
  • You've Got Me Loving You, 1984 (MCA 52436)
  • Members Only, 1985 (Malaco Records)
  • After All, 1986 (Malaco Records)
  • Blues You Can Use, 1987 (Malaco Records)
  • Midnight Run, 1989 (Malaco Records)
  • Portrait of the Blues, 1991 (Malaco Records)
  • Years of Tears, 1993 (Malaco Records)
  • Sad Street, 1995 (Malaco Records)
  • Memphis Monday Morning, 1998 (Malaco Records)
  • Blues at Midnight, 2003 (Malaco Records)

Live albums[edit]

Collaborative album[edit]

  • Blues Consolidated – 1958 (Duke Records) (with Junior Parker)

Compilations[edit]

  • The Best of Bobby Bland, 1967 (Duke Records)
  • The Best of Bobby Bland, vol. 2, 1968 (Duke Records)
  • First Class Blues, 1987 (Malaco Records)
  • The Anthology, 2001 (MCA)
  • I Pity the Fool: The Duke Recordings, vol. 1, 1992 (MCA)
  • Turn on Your Love Light: The Duke Recordings, vol. 2, 1994 (MCA)
  • That Did It!: The Duke Recordings, vol. 3, 1996 (MCA)
  • Greatest Hits, Vol. 1: The Duke Recordings, 1998 (MCA, Duke/Peacock)
  • Greatest Hits, Vol. 2: The ABC–Dunhill/MCA Recordings, 1998 (MCA)
  • Unmatched: The Very Best of Bobby Bland, 2011 (Malaco)

Singles[edit]

Year A-side B-side Label Chart Positions
US Pop[19] US
R&B
[12]
1952 "Crying All Night Long" "Dry Up Baby" Chess  –
"Good Lovin'" "Drifting from Town to Town" Modern
"Crying" "A Letter from a Trench In Korea" Chess
"Lovin' Blues" "I.O.U. Blues" Duke
1953 "Army Blues" "No Blow, No Show"
1955 "Time Out" "It's My Life Baby"
"You or None" "Woke Up Screaming"
1956 "I Can't Put You Down" "You've Got Bad Intentions"
"I Learned My Lesson" "I Don't Believe"
1957 "Don't Want No Woman" "I Smell Trouble"
"Farther Up the Road" "Sometime Tomorrow" 43 1
"Teach Me (How to Love You)" "Bobby's Blues"
1958 "You Got Me Where You Want Me" "Loan a Helping Hand"
"Little Boy Blue" "Last Night" 10
1959 "You Did Me Wrong" "I Lost Sight of the World"
"I'm Not Ashamed" "Wishing Well" 13
"Is It Real" "Someday" 28
"I'll Take Care of You" "That's Why" 89 2
1960 "Lead Me On" "Hold Me Tenderly" 9
"Cry Cry Cry" "I've Been Wrong So Long" 71 9
1961 "I Pity the Fool" "Close to You" 46 1
"Don't Cry No More" "Saint James Infirmary" 71 2
"Turn On Your Love Light" "You're the One (That I Need)" 28 2
1962 "Ain't That Loving You" "Jelly, Jelly, Jelly" 86 9
"Who Will the Next Fool Be" "Blue Moon" 76 12
"Yield Not to Temptation" "How Does a Cheating Woman Feel" 56 10
"Stormy Monday Blues" "Your Friends" 43 5
1963 "That's the Way Love Is" "Call on Me" 33 / 22 1 / 6
"Sometimes You Gotta Cry a Little" "You're Worth It All" 56 28
"The Feeling Is Gone" "I Can't Stop Singing" 91 / 106 n/a[20]
1964 "Ain't Nothing You Can Do" "Honey Child" 20
"Share Your Love with Me" "After It's Too Late" 42 / 111
"Ain't Doing Too Bad (Part 1)" "Ain't Doing Too Bad (Part 2)" 49
1965 "Blind Man" "Black Night" 78 / 99
"Ain't No Telling" "Dust Got in Daddy's Eyes" 93 / 125 25 / 23
"These Hands (Small but Mighty)" "Today" 63 4
1966 "I'm Too Far Gone (To Turn Around)" "If You Could Read My Mind" 62 8
"Good Time Charlie" "Good Time Charlie (Working His Groove Bag)" 75 6
"Poverty" "Building a Fire with Rain" 65 9
"Back in the Same Old Bag Again" "I Ain't Myself Anymore" 102 13
1967 "You're All I Need" "Deep in My Soul" 88 6
"That Did It" "Getting Used to the Blues" 6
"A Touch of the Blues" "Shoes" 30
1968 "Driftin' Blues" "You Could Read My Mind" 96 23
"Honey Child" "A Piece of Gold"
"Save Your Love for Me" "Share Your Love With Me" 16
"Rockin' in the Same Old Boat" "Wouldn't You Rather Have Me" 58 12
1969 "Gotta Get to Know You" "Baby, I'm on My Way" 91 14
"Chains of Love" "Ask Me 'Bout Nothing (But the Blues)" 60 9
1970 "If You've Got a Heart" "Sad Feeling" 96 10
"If Love Ruled the World" "Lover with a Reputation" 16 / 28
"Keep On Loving Me (You'll See the Change)" "I've Just Got to Forget About You" 89 20
1971 "I'm Sorry" "Yum Yum Tree" 97 18
"Shape Up or Ship Out" "The Love That We Share (Is True)"
1972 "Do What You Set Out to Do" "Ain't Nothing You Can Do" 64 6
"I'm So Tired" "If You Could Read My Mind" 36
1973 "That's All There Is (There Ain't No More)" "I Don't Want Another Mountain to Climb" 42 5
"This Time I'm Gone for Good" "Where Baby Went" Dunhill 42 5
1974 "Goin' Down Slow" "Up and Down World" 69 17
"Ain't No Love in the Heart of the City" "Twenty-Four Hour Blues" 91 9
"I Wouldn't Treat a Dog (The Way You Treated Me)" "I Ain't Gonna Be (The First to Cry)" 88 3
1975 "Yolanda" "When You Come to the End of Your Road" ABC 104 21
"I Take It On Home" "You've Never Been This Far Before" 41
1976 "Today I Started Loving You Again" "Too Far Gone" 103 34
"It Ain't the Real Thing" "Who's Foolin' Who" 12
"Let The Good Times Roll"
Bobby Bland & B. B. King
"Strange Things Happening" ABC Impulse 101 20
1977 "The Soul of a Man" "If I Weren't a Gambler" ABC 18
1978 "Sittin' on a Poor Man's Throne" "I Intend to Take Your Place" 82
"Love to See You Smile" "I'm Just Your Man" 14
"Come Fly with Me" "Ain't God Something" 55
1979 "Tit For Tat" "Come Fly with Me" MCA 71
1980 "Soon As the Weather Breaks" "To Be Friends" 76
1981 "You'd Be a Millionaire" "Swat Vibrator" 92
1982 "What a Difference a Day Makes" "Givin' Up the Streets for Love"
"Recess In Heaven" "Exactly, Where It's At" 40
"Here We Go Again" "You're About to Win"
1983 "Is This the Blues" "You're About to Win"
"If It Ain't One Thing" "Tell Mr. Bland"
1984 "Looking Back" "You Got Me Loving You"
"Get Real Clean" "It's Too Bad"
"You Are My Christmas" "New Merry Christmas Baby"
1985 "Members Only" "I Just Got to Know" Malaco 54
1986 "Can We Make Love Tonight" "In the Ghetto"
1988 "Get Your Money Where You Spend Your Time" "For the Last Time"
"24 Hours a Day" "I've Got a Problem"
1989 "You've Got to Hurt Before You Heal" "I'm Not Ashamed to Sing the Blues"
"Ain't No Sunshine" "If I Don't Get Involved"
1990 "Starting All Over Again" "Midnight Run"
"Take Off Your Shoes" "If I Don't Get Involved"
1992 "She's Putting Something in My Food" "Let Love Have It's Way"
1993 "There's a Stranger in My House" "Hurtin' Time Again"
1994 "I Just Tripped on a Piece of Your Broken Heart" "Hole in the Wall"
1995 "Double Trouble" "Double Trouble (long version)"

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e "Bobby 'Blue' Bland". Livinblues.com. Archived from the original on 2007-08-24. Retrieved 2007-08-09. 
  2. ^ a b c d Russell, Tony (June 24, 2013). "Bobby 'Blue' Bland Obituary". The Guardian.  Retrieved June 26, 2013.
  3. ^ a b c d "Bobby Bland". BBC News. 2013-06-24. Retrieved 2013-06-25. 
  4. ^ "Bobby ‘Blue’ Bland, Known for ‘Further On Up the Road’ and ‘Turn on Your Love Light’, Dies". Washingtonpost.com. 2013-06-24. Archived from the original on 2013-06-24. Retrieved 2013-06-24. 
  5. ^ "Bobby Bland: Biography". AllAboutJazz.com. Archived from the original on December 26, 2007. Retrieved 2007-08-09. 
  6. ^ Tennessee Historical Commission, historic marker dedicated 1/24/2015, Barretville, Tennessee.
  7. ^ a b c d Friskics-Warren, Bill (June 24, 2013). "Bobby (Blue) Bland, Soul and Blues Balladeer, Dies at 83". New York Times. 
  8. ^ a b Biography at BobbyBlueBland.com Archived October 21, 2016, at the Wayback Machine.. Retrieved June 26, 2013.
  9. ^ a b c "Bobby Bland". The Telegraph. June 24, 2013. . Retrieved June, 26 2013
  10. ^ "Bobby Blue Bland: November 1973 Interview". SoulMusic.com. Archived from the original on 2013-07-02. Retrieved 2013-06-28. 
  11. ^ "Bobby Blue Bland". Pbase.com Soulful Impressions. Retrieved 2007-08-09. 
  12. ^ a b c d Whitburn, Joel (1996). Top R&B/Hip-Hop Singles: 1942–1995. Record Research. pp. 34–35. 
  13. ^ "The Lincoln Lawyer (soundtrack)". blogs.indiewire.com. Archived from the original on 2011-04-07. Retrieved 2011-03-24. 
  14. ^ "Mick Hucknall Tribute To Bobby Review". BBC. Retrieved 2013-06-24. 
  15. ^ "UK Official Charts – Simply Red". www.officialcharts.com. Retrieved 2013-06-24. 
  16. ^ Marshall, Matt (June 23, 2013). "BREAKING: Bobby "Blue" Bland Passes Away". American Blues Scene Magazine. Retrieved June 25, 2013. 
  17. ^ Adrian Sainz, The Associated Press (1992-01-15). "Bobby 'Blue' Bland, known for 'Further On Up the Road' and 'Turn on Your Love Light,' dies". Windsorstar.com. Archived from the original on 2013-06-24. Retrieved 2013-06-24. 
  18. ^ "Blues legend Bobby "Blue" Bland dies". WREG-TV. Retrieved 2013-06-24. 
  19. ^ Whitburn, Joel (2003). Top Pop Singles 1955–2002 (1st ed.). Menomonee Falls, Wisconsin: Record Research Inc. pp. 62–63. ISBN 0-89820-155-1. 
  20. ^ Billboard did not publish an R&B chart during this period.

External links[edit]