Borne, Overijssel

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Borne
Municipality
Square in Borne
Square in Borne
Flag of Borne
Flag
Coat of arms of Borne
Coat of arms
Highlighted position of Borne in a municipal map of Overijssel
Location in Overijssel
Coordinates: 52°18′N 6°45′E / 52.300°N 6.750°E / 52.300; 6.750Coordinates: 52°18′N 6°45′E / 52.300°N 6.750°E / 52.300; 6.750
Country Netherlands
Province Overijssel
Government[1]
 • Body Municipal council
 • Mayor Rob Welten (CDA)
Area[2]
 • Total 26.16 km2 (10.10 sq mi)
 • Land 26.00 km2 (10.04 sq mi)
 • Water 0.16 km2 (0.06 sq mi)
Elevation[3] 15 m (49 ft)
Population (May 2014)[4]
 • Total 21,919
 • Density 843/km2 (2,180/sq mi)
Demonym(s) Bornenaar, Borrenaar
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postcode 7620–7626
Area code 074
Website www.borne.nl

Borne (Dutch pronunciation: [ˈbɔrnə]) is a municipality and a town in the eastern Netherlands. Its inhabitants also have the nickname Melbuul (flourbag in Twentsch). Borne is the sister city of the German town Rheine.

History[edit]

The earliest traces of inhabitation in Borne are archeological finds at the "Stroom Esch" and "Zuid Esch" of substantial settlements dating from the late Iron Age and the Roman period.[5] Finds from around 800 CE.,[6] the remains of two farmhouses and the grave of a man buried with his armour, a sword, lance and 16 silver dinarii coined by Charlemagne near two farmhouses of the same age suggest inhabitation in the ninth century.[6] The first historical mention of Borne, under the name Borghende dates from 1206 in a document which transfers churches in Steenwijk and Borne and their possessions by Fredericus, the abbot of the monastery in Ruinen to the bishop of Utrecht, Dirk van Are in return for possessions in Drenthe.[7]

The earliest phases of Borne center around the Meijershof,[8] which came into possession of the abbot of Ruinen in 1142.

Until the beginning of the industrial age, Borne was an agricultural community, characterised by plaggen soil and extensive cattlefarming. The main crops were rye and buckwheat.[9] Several landweren, defensive earthworks consisting or earthen walls overgrown with blackthorn (Prunus spinosa) and blackberries are still visible in the landscape.[10]

Borne was originally the richterambt (judicial district) Borne, made up of the Marke Senderen (Zenderen) and Bi den Broeke (lit. "by the brook", Bornerbroek) and the hamlet of Hertme. In 1655 Hertme has evolved into an independent marke.

Population centres[edit]

Bornerbroek, historically part of Borne, is since 2001 part of the Almelo municipality. Borne borders the municipalities of Hengelo, Hof van Twente, Dinkelland, Almelo and Tubbergen.

Topography[edit]

Gem-Borne-OpenTopo.jpg

Dutch Topographic map of the municipality of Borne, June 2015.

Transportation[edit]

  • Borne is served by two motorways, E30 and N92.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "College van B&W" [Board of mayor and aldermen] (in Dutch). Gemeente Borne. Retrieved 26 March 2014. 
  2. ^ "Kerncijfers wijken en buurten" [Key figures for neighbourhoods]. CBS Statline (in Dutch). CBS. 2 July 2013. Retrieved 12 March 2014. 
  3. ^ "Postcodetool for 7622DG". Actueel Hoogtebestand Nederland (in Dutch). Het Waterschapshuis. Retrieved 26 March 2014. 
  4. ^ "Bevolkingsontwikkeling; regio per maand" [Population growth; regions per month]. CBS Statline (in Dutch). CBS. 26 June 2014. Retrieved 24 July 2014. 
  5. ^ "Wetenschappelijk kader archeologisch onderzoek plangebied Bornsche Maten te Borne", Scholte Lubberink, (2006-10) (DANS/KNAW)
  6. ^ a b "Collectie - Nieuw in onze collectie: expositie bij de ridder van Borne". TwentseWelle. 
  7. ^ Woolderink, Henk. "Borne 900 jaar" (PDF). rtvoost.nl. 
  8. ^ "De Meijershof". regiocanons.nl. 
  9. ^ "Canon van Borne, De essen ca. 1000". Regiocanons.nl. 
  10. ^ "Canon van Borne, Landweren". Regiocanons.nl. 

External links[edit]