Square in Borne
Location in Overijssel
|• Body||Municipal council|
|• Mayor||Gerard van den Hengel (Acting, VVD)|
|• Total||26.16 km2 (10.10 sq mi)|
|• Land||26.00 km2 (10.04 sq mi)|
|• Water||0.16 km2 (0.06 sq mi)|
|Elevation||15 m (49 ft)|
|• Density||888/km2 (2,300/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+1 (CET)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+2 (CEST)|
Borne (Dutch pronunciation: [ˈbɔrnə] (listen)) is a municipality and a town in the eastern Netherlands. Its inhabitants also have the nickname Melbuul (flourbag in Twentsch). Borne is the sister city of the German town Rheine.
The earliest traces of inhabitation in Borne are archeological finds at the "Stroom Esch" and "Zuid Esch" of substantial settlements dating from the late Iron Age and the Roman period. Finds from around 800 CE., the remains of two farmhouses and the grave of a man buried with his armour, a sword, lance and 16 silver dinarii coined by Charlemagne near two farmhouses of the same age suggest inhabitation in the ninth century. The first historical mention of Borne, under the name Borghende dates from 1206 in a document which transfers churches in Steenwijk and Borne and their possessions by Fredericus, the abbot of the monastery in Ruinen to the bishop of Utrecht, Dirk van Are in return for possessions in Drenthe.
The earliest phases of Borne center around the Meijershof, which came into possession of the abbot of Ruinen in 1142.
Until the beginning of the industrial age, Borne was an agricultural community, characterised by plaggen soil and extensive cattlefarming. The main crops were rye and buckwheat. Several landweren, defensive earthworks consisting or earthen walls overgrown with blackthorn (Prunus spinosa) and blackberries are still visible in the landscape.
Borne was originally the richterambt (judicial district) Borne, made up of the Marke Senderen (Zenderen) and Bi den Broeke (lit. "by the brook", Bornerbroek) and the hamlet of Hertme. In 1655 Hertme has evolved into an independent marke.
Dutch Topographic map of the municipality of Borne, June 2015.
- "College van B&W" [Board of mayor and aldermen] (in Dutch). Gemeente Borne. Retrieved 26 March 2014.
- "Kerncijfers wijken en buurten" [Key figures for neighbourhoods]. CBS Statline (in Dutch). CBS. 2 July 2013. Retrieved 12 March 2014.
- "Postcodetool for 7622DG". Actueel Hoogtebestand Nederland (in Dutch). Het Waterschapshuis. Retrieved 26 March 2014.
- "Bevolkingsontwikkeling; regio per maand" [Population growth; regions per month]. CBS Statline (in Dutch). CBS. 27 October 2017. Retrieved 27 October 2017.
- "Wetenschappelijk kader archeologisch onderzoek plangebied Bornsche Maten te Borne", Scholte Lubberink, (2006-10) (DANS/KNAW)
- "Collectie - Nieuw in onze collectie: expositie bij de ridder van Borne". TwentseWelle. Archived from the original on 2015-01-21.
- Woolderink, Henk. "Borne 900 jaar" (PDF). rtvoost.nl.
- "De Meijershof". regiocanons.nl.
- "Canon van Borne, De essen ca. 1000". Regiocanons.nl.
- "Canon van Borne, Landweren". Regiocanons.nl.
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