Boumerdès

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Boumerdes
بومرداس
City
Boumerdès.JPG
Location of Boumerdes
Boumerdes is located in Algeria
Boumerdes
Boumerdes
Location within Algeria
Coordinates: 36°45′37.23″N 3°28′20.52″E / 36.7603417°N 3.4723667°E / 36.7603417; 3.4723667Coordinates: 36°45′37.23″N 3°28′20.52″E / 36.7603417°N 3.4723667°E / 36.7603417; 3.4723667
Country Algeria
Province Boumerdès Province
District Boumerdes District
Elevation 50 m (160 ft)
Population (1998)
 • Total 28,500

Boumerdès (Arabic: بومرداس; Kabyle: Bumerdes; Bumardas or Bomardas) is the capital city of Boumerdès Province, Algeria. It is located on the Mediterranean Sea. It had a population of 28,500 in 1998 and 15,000 in 1987.[1]

Boumerdès is a seaside city located in the north of Algeria about 50 km east of Algiers. During French occupation of Algeria, the city was named Rocher Noir, translated from French as Black Rock.

It is the capital city of Wilaya (district) of Boumerdès. The city had a major earthquake on May 21, 2003 causing a lot of damage to the city with 1,382 people killed and 3,442 injured. The city became the capital of the province, having the same name, according to the administrative division in 1984.

The city is famous as a scientific center, including a number of national institutes and the University of M'hamed Bouguerra. The institutes include l'Institut Algérien du Pétrole (The Algerian Petroleum Institute IAP), Faculté des Hydrocarbures et de la Chimie (Faculty of Hydrocarbons and Chemistry FHC), l'Institut National d'Électricité et d'Électronique (The National Institute for Electricity and Electronics INELEC), l'Institut National de Génie mécanique (The National Institute of Mechanical Engineering ENGM), l'Institut National des Industries légères (The National Institute for Light Industries INIL).

The city is also known as an industrial center containing the headquarters of Sonatrach Exploration, l'Entreprise Nationale de Géophysique (ENAGEO), and le Centre de Recherches et de Développement (Research and Development Center for Sonatrach CRD).

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