Djinet

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Djinet

جنات
Commune and town
Djinet air view.jpg
DZ 35 Djinet.svg
Djinet is located in Algeria
Djinet
Djinet
Coordinates: 36°52′37″N 3°43′23″E / 36.876977°N 3.723121°E / 36.876977; 3.723121
Country Algeria
ProvinceBoumerdès
DistrictBordj Ménaïl
Population
(2008)
 • Total21,966
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)

Djinet, the classical Cissi, is a town and commune in Boumerdès Province, Algeria. It had a population of 20,022 during the 1998 census.[1]

History[edit]

Djinet was a Phoenician and Carthaginian colony under the name Kissi or Kishi (Punic: 𐤊‬𐤔‬𐤉‬, KŠY).[2] The name was hellenized as Kissḗ.[3]

After the Punic Wars, it fell under Roman control. Its name was latinized as Cissi and it was placed into the province of Mauretania Caesariensis. It appeared on the Tabula Peutingeriana.[4] It faded completely, plausibly during the Islamic conquests.

In the 19th century, the ruins of a 4th or 5th-century Christian church could still be easily distinguished at Cape Djinet, but little trace now remains.[4]

Religion[edit]

Roman Cissi was a Christian bishopric, suffragan to the metropolitan of Carthage.

List of bishops[edit]

The names of two of its bishops are known:

  • At a Conference of Carthage (411) between Catholic and schismatic Donatist bishops, where their heresy was condemned as such, Cissi was represented only by a Donatist bishop named Flavosus. The Latin adjective referring to Cissi, Cissitanus, is applied to him in the account of that conference. In the 19th century, Morcelli took the adjective Cessitanus to refer to Cissi, and supposed instead that the name of the Cissi bishop at the conference was Quodvultdeus, whom Ferron rather attributed to the see of Cissita,[4][5] which was in Africa Proconsularis and presently in Tunisia (Sidi-Tabet?).
  • In 484, Bishop Reparatus of Cissi was one of the Catholic bishops whom the Arian king Huneric of the Vandal Kingdom summoned to Carthage and then exiled like most Catholic bishops.[4][5]

The diocese was nominally restored in 1933 as the Catholic titular bishopric of Cissi (Latin: dioecesis Cissitana).[6] Its bishops have been:

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Citations[edit]

  1. ^ Statoids
  2. ^ Lipiński (2004), p. 401.
  3. ^ Ptol., Geogr.
  4. ^ a b c d J. Ferron, v. Cissi, in Dictionnaire d'Histoire et de Géographie ecclésiastiques, vol. XII, Parigi 1953, coll. 851-852
  5. ^ a b Stefano Antonio Morcelli, Africa christiana, Volume I, Brescia 1816, p. 138
  6. ^ Annuario Pontificio 2013 (Libreria Editrice Vaticana 2013 ISBN 978-88-209-9070-1), p. 871

Bibliography[edit]

  • GCatholic - (former &) titular bishopric
  • Ferron, J. (1953), "Cissi", Dictionnaire d'Histoire et de Géographie Ecclésiastiques, Vol. XII, Paris, col. 851-852.
  • Lipiński, Edward (2004), Itineraria Phoenicia, Orientalia Lovaniensia Analecta, No. 127, Studia Phoenicia, Vol. XVIII, Leuven: Uitgeverij Peeters.
  • Morcelli, Stefano Antonio (1816), Africa Christiana, Vol. I, Brescia, p. 138.

Coordinates: 36°53′N 3°43′E / 36.883°N 3.717°E / 36.883; 3.717