Brahma Sampradaya

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The Brahma Sampradaya (Brahma-sampradāya) refers to the disciplic succession (sampradaya) of gurus starting with Brahma in Hinduism.[1] The term is most often used to refer to the beliefs and teachings of Madhvacharya[2] and his Dvaita philosophy.

The term Brahma-Madhva-Gaudiya Vaisnava Sampradaya is used to refer to the teachings of Chaitanya Mahaprabhu and his Gaudiya theology..[3]

Sampradaya[edit]

Followers of this tradition believe that Vedic knowledge descends from Brahma. In the Vedic conception, these sampradayas began at the creation of the universe and endure to the present moment in the person of the student's own guru. Due to the consistency of the transmission of knowledge, all the previous gurus are present in the teachings of the present spiritual master. The Vedic process assures that the transmission remains pure by assuring the qualifications of the transmitter.[4]


List of the Sampradaya members, acharyas, beginning with Krishna Himself:

  1. Krishna
  2. Brahma
  3. Narada Muni
  4. Vyasadeva
  5. Madhvacarya
  6. Padmanabha Tirtha
  7. Nrhari Tirtha
  8. Madhava Tirtha
  9. Aksobhya Tirtha
  10. Jaya Tirtha
  11. Jnanasindhu Tirtha
  12. Dayanidhi Tirtha
  13. Vidyanidhi Tirtha
  14. Rajendra Tirtha
  15. Jayadharma Tirtha
  16. Purusottama Tirtha
  17. Brahmanya Tirtha
  18. Vyasa Tirtha
  19. Laksmipati Tirtha
  20. Madhavendra Puri
  21. a) Isvara Puri, b) Nityananda Prabhu, c) Advaita Acharya

Gaudiya Vaishnavism continues:

  1. Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu
  2. a) Rupa Goswami, b) Sanatana Goswami, c) Svarupa Damodara Goswami
  3. a) Raghunatha dasa Goswami, b) Jiva Goswami
  4. Krishnadasa Kaviraja Goswami
  5. Narottama dasa Thakura
  6. Visvanatha Cakravarti Thakura
  7. a) Baladeva Vidyabhusana, b) Jagannatha dasa Babaji
  8. Bhaktivinoda Thakura
  9. Gaurakisora dasa Babaji
  10. Bhaktisiddhanta Sarasvati Thakura
  11. A. C. Bhaktivedanta Swami Prabhupada (Founder-Acharya of ISKCON)
  12. Jagad Guru Siddhaswarupananda Paramahamsa


Alternatively, for the Brahma-Madhva-Gaudiya-Sarasvata-Narayaniya branch of the sampradaya, the parampara is as follows:

  1. Bhaktivinoda Thakura
  2. Gaurakisora dasa Babaji
  3. Bhaktisiddhanta Sarasvati Thakura
  4. Bhakti Prajnana Kesavaji Maharaj
  5. Yugacharya Tridandi-Svami Rasacharya Paramahamsa-Kula-Siromani Vraja Rasa Rasikottama Nitya-nikunja-nivasi astottara sata Ashtam Goswami Sri Srimad Bhaktivedanta Narayana Maharaj

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Hinduism and Buddhism: An Historical Sketch - Page 239 Charles Eliot, 1998
  2. ^ The Sadhus and Indian Civilisation - Page 57 Vijay Prakash Sharma - Sadhus - 1998 - 209 pages
  3. ^ Female Ascetics in Hinduism Lynn Teskey Denton, 2004 - 224 pages
  4. ^ Goswami, S.D. (1976), Readings in Vedit Literature: The Tradition Speaks for Itself, [S.l.]: Assoc Publishing Group, pp. 240 pages, ISBN 0912776889  Check date values in: |year= / |date= mismatch (help)