British and World Marbles Championship
This ancient event takes place each year on Good Friday and has been played annually in its current format, since 1932 at the Greyhound public house in Tinsley Green, West Sussex, is a team event, where teams of six players participate in a knock-out tournament to win the title and a silver trophy. The event is open to anyone of any age or nationality and over the years players from Australia, Belgium, Canada, Estonia, Ireland, France, Germany, Japan, Netherlands, Wales and United States have participated alongside the English teams.
The tournament dates back over four century's to 1588  during the reign of Elizabeth I, when marbles was chosen to be the deciding game of a legendary sporting encounter between two young suitors, Giles and Hodge, over the hand of a Tinsley Green milk maiden named Joan. Every popular sport of the day were contested, in an Olympic style contest lasting one week. Hodge had been victorious at singlestick, backsword, quarter staff, cudgel play, wrestling and cock throwing, while Giles was successful in winning the archery, cricket-a-wicket, tilting at quintain (jousting targets), Turk’s head, stoolball and tipcat. With the score level at 6 - 6, Good Friday was the date chosen for the final event, and marbles was chosen by the girl to be the deciding game, and Giles defeated Hodge.
Rules and marble "jargon"
The championships are organised by the British Marbles Board of Control (BMBC) and the version of marbles played is "Ring Taw", known in USA as "Ringer" and in Germany as "Englisches Ringspiel". Forty-nine target marbles are grouped closely together on 6 foot diameter (1.8 metre) raised concrete ring covered with sand. Each of the target marbles is a glass or ceramic sphere having a diameter of approximately 12mm (half an inch). Two teams of six players take turns to drive marbles off the ring by aiming a larger "shooter", also known as a "taw" or "tolley". which is a glass or ceramic sphere of 18mm diameter (three-quarters of an inch). A player's knuckle must be touching the ground when shooting, known as "knuckling down". Moving the tolley closer to the target marbles "cabbaging" is forbidden, as is any forward or other advantageous movement of a players shooting hand during shooting, which constitutes a foul known as "fudging". Any intentional or persistent contact between a player's clothing and a marble or tolley while it is motion, commits a foul called "blocking". No score results from a foul shot, which automatically ends the turn of the offending player, though the score achieved in that turn stands. Any player who makes three foul shots during a game is eliminated from that game. The first team to knock out 25 marbles from the ring is the winner.
A Brief Historical Time-Line
- 1588 - Giles defeated Hodge at marbles to claim his prize of the hand of a local young maiden of Tinsley Green.
- 1888 - Sam Spooner wins the title on the 300th year of the event (according to British Pathé video 1938)
- 1932 – The Black Horse from Hookwood, were the first winners of the modern event.
- 1935 – 6 foot concrete ring used for the first time 
- 1942 to 1945 – No tournaments took place due to the war.
- March 1951 – The coldest recorded conditions for tournament when the Tinsley Green Tigers beat the Arundel Mullets in the final.
- April 1962 - Glass marbles were used for the first time in place of older clay marbles.
- March 1970 – Controversially the BMBC banned women from the main tournament because of the wearing of mini-skirts.
- April 1973 - Len Smith of the Toucon Terribles wins a record (and still unbeaten) 12th individual title 
- March 1975 - Snow had to swept from the ring in temperatures of -2deg C. The "Terribles" win a record 19th title.
- April 1977 - The tournament was moved to the Crawley Leisure Centre for one single time.
- April 1987 – A Trophy was introduced for "the women's best individual player" and won by Jackie Hodge.
- 1989 and 1991 – Highest number of teams ever entered, 28 teams of six totalling 168 players competing.
- March 1992 – The TennKy Sharpshooters from Tennessee and Kentucky, USA are the first overseas team to win the trophy.
- April 2000 – Team USA won the title with a team made up almost entirely of shooters under the age of 18.
- April 2002 – Saxonia Globe Snippers become the first German team to win the tournament.
- September 2008 the Greyhound Pub, in Tinsley Green closed, only re-opening shortly before the next tournament.
- April 2010 – Jen McGowan (formerly Jen LeBon) sets the standard for the ladies with a twelfth individual title.
- March 2013 – Crawley-based Black Dog Boozers win the tournament for a 13th time, just 6 off the record of 19 set in 1975.
- April 2016 – The Johnson Jets set the record for being runners up in 10 finals, having won the tournament on just once.
Championship results (1932 onwards)
|Year||Date||Teams||Team Winner||Runners Up||Individual Winner||Best Lady||Weather|
|1932||24 March||5||Black Horse||-||-||-||-|
|1934||29 March||7||-||-||Jack Arnold||-||-|
|1935||19 April||4||Tinsley Green||-||Big Bert Botting||-||-|
|1936||10 April||4||Crawley Busmen||Southern Railways||F.S.'Champ'Harding||-||-|
|1937||26 April||6||Tinsley Green||Rustington Rambles||George Burberry||-||-|
|1938||15 April||5||Copthorne||Crawley Busmen||Tom Weekes||-||-|
|1939||21 April||8||Old Comrades||Crawley Busmen||Fred Rowe (C-ShShtrs) ||-||Sunny|
|1940 (A)||25 March||10||Copthorne Sharpshooters||Old Comrades||Fred Rowe (C-ShShtrs)||-||-|
|1940 (B)||22 March||2||Crawley Busmen||The Army||F.S.'Champ'Harding||-||-|
|1941||11 April||7||Copthorne Spitfires||Crawley Busmen||Jack Carman||-||-|
|1942 - 1945||no games|
|1946||19 April||7||Copthorne Sharpshooters||Copthorne Spitfires||Harry Langridge||-||-|
|1947||4 April||4||Copthorne Sharpshooters||Crawley Tools||Harry Langridge||-||Rain|
|1948||26 March||5||Copthorne Spitfires||Copthorne Sharpshooters||Harry Langridge||-||Fine|
|1949||15 April||6||Tinsley Green Tigers||Arundel Mullets||Harry Langridge||-||Sunny|
|1950||7 April||8||Arundel Mullets||Tinsley Green Tigers||Wee Willie Wright (TG Tigers)||-||Sunny|
|1951||23 March||4||Tinsley Green Tigers||Arundel Mullets||Big Bernard Wilcock||-||Very Cold|
|1952||11 April||6||Tinsley Green Tigers||Handcross Bulldogs||Cyril Wilcock||-||Best weather for years|
|1953||3 April||6||Tinsley Green Tigers||Copthorne Spitfires||Cyril Wilcock||-||-|
|1954||16 April||5||Tinsley Green Tigers||Arundel Mullets||Aurthur Chamberlain||-||Sunny and Cold|
|1955||8 April||8||Tinsley Green Tigers||Rebels||Wee Willie Wright||-||Fine|
|1956||30 March||6||The Casuals||Tinsley Green Tigers||Wee Willie Wright||-||Cold and Dry|
|1957||19 April||7||Telcon Terribles||Rebels||Wee Willie Wright||-||Dry|
|1958||4 April||6||Telcon Terribles||Tinsley Tigers||Len Smith (T-Terribles) ||-||Sunny and cold|
|1959||27 March||5||Telcon Terribles||Tinsley Tigers||Wee Willie Wright||-||Drizzley|
|1960||15 April||9||Telcon Terribles||Tinsley Tigers||Len Smith||-||-|
|1961||31 March||5||Telcon Terribles||Tinsley Tigers||Len Smith||-||-|
|1962||20 April||6||Telcon Terribles||Rulslip Rat Pack||Len Smith||-||Cold and windy|
|1963||12 April||7||Telcon Terribles||Tolley Flickers||Alan Smith( T-Terribles)||-||Dull and Cold|
|1964||27 March||6||Toucon Terribles||Tolley Flickers||Len Smith||-||-|
|1965||16 April||4||Toucon Terribles||Johnson Jets||Len Smith||-||-|
|1966||8 April||8||Toucon Terribles||Us||Alan Smith||-||-|
|1967||24 March||8||Toucon Terribles||Boys of County Armagh||Alan Smith||-||-|
|1968||12 April||6||Toucon Terribles||Johnson Jets||Len Smith||-||-|
|1969||4 April||8||Toucon Terribles||Johnson Jets||Len Smith||-||-|
|1970||27 March||10||Toucon Terribles||Johnson Jets||Len Smith||-||-|
|1971||9 April||7||Toucon Terribles||Johnson Jets||Len Smith||-||-|
|1972||31 March||9||Toucon Terribles||Johnson Jets||Len Smith||-||-|
|1973||20 April||12||Toucon Terribles||Pernod Rams||Len Smith||-||-|
|1974||12 April||12||Toucon Terribles||Pernod Rams||Alan Smith||-||Rained Off|
|1975||28 March||16+||Toucon Terribles||Johnson Jets||Alan Smith||-||Cold/Snow |
|1976||16 April||-||Pernod Rams||Toucon Terribles||-||-||-|
|1977||8 April||9||Handcross Rebels||Wessex Wottsits||Jim Lay (W-Wottsits)||-||Fine|
|1978||24 March||12||Brewery Shades||Ifield Musketeers||Bob Watts||-||Fine|
|1979||13 April||9||Handcross Rebels||Talbots Tolleys||Barry Ray (H-Rebels)||-||Fine|
|1980||4 April||12||Black Dog Boozers||Bow Street Fudgers||Barry Ray||-||Sunny|
|1981||17 April||16||Black Dog Boozers||Bow Street Fudgers||Paddy Graham||-||Fine|
|1982||9 April||13||Bow Street Fudgers||Addington Alcos||Barry Ray||-||Sunny|
|1983||9 April||13||Bow Street Fudgers||Handcross Rebels||Barry Ray||-||Cold/Wet|
|1984||17 April||19||Bow Street Fudgers||Black Dog Boozers||Paddy Graham||-||Fine|
|1985||5 April||17||Black Dog Boozers||Bow Street Fudgers||Terry Gant||-||Wet|
|1986||28 March||22||Black Dog Boozers||Bow Street Fudgers||Ian Gardner||-||Fine|
|1987||17 April||25||Black Dog Boozers||Punters||Paddy Graham||Jackie Hodge||Sunny|
|1988||1 April||26||Black Dog Boozers||Bow Street Fudgers||Colin Gardner(BD-Boozers)||Jen LeBon||Fine|
|1989||24 March||28||Black Dog Boozers||Handcross Rebels||Paddy Graham||Eve Vine||Fine|
|1990||13 April||22||Black Dog Boozers||Moonshiners||Tony Jones||Jackie Staples||Wet|
|1991||29 March||28||Moonshiners||Black Dog Boozers||Darren Ray||Jen LeBon||Fine|
|1992||17 April||22||TennKy Sharpshooters||Lions De Lyon||Darren Ray||Eve Vine||Wet|
|1993||9 April||17||Moonshiners||Handcross Rebels||Darren Ray||Jen LeBon||Wet|
|1994||1 April||20||Black Dog Boozers||Handcross Rebels||Paddy Graham||Alison Ray||Wet|
|1995||14 April||15||Barrel Scrapers||Black Dog Boozers||Paul Smith||Jen LeBon||Sunny|
|1996||5 April||20||Black Dog Boozers||Moonshiners||Darren Ray||Alison Ray||Dry|
|1997||28 March||21||Handcross 49ers||Black Dog Boozers||Colin Gardner(BD-Boozers)||Jen LeBon||Sunny but windy|
|1998||10 April||17||Black Dog Boozers||Barrel Scrapers||Simon Monahan||Jen LeBon||Wet|
|1999||2 April||21||Black Dog Boozers||Handcross Rebels||Simon Monahan||Jen LeBon||Fine/Sunny|
|2000||21 April||20||Team USA||Barrel Scrapers||Simon Monahan||Jen LeBon||Fine/Sunny|
|2001||13 April||19||Johnson Jets||Handcross 49ers||Mark Parsons (J Jets)||Alison Reimer (H-49ers)||Fine/Sunny|
|2002||29 March||22||Saxonia Globe Snippers||Black Dog Boozers||Benny Mehnert||Jen McGowan||Fine/Sunny|
|2003||18 April||20||Saxonia Globe Snippers||1st MC Erzgebirge||Chris Pampel||Jen McGowan||Fine/Sunny|
|2004||9 April||27||Saxonia Globe Snippers||1st MC Erzgebirge||Chris Pampel||Jen McGowan||Fine/Sunny|
|2005||25 March||23||Barrel Scrapers||Handcross 49ers||Simon Monahan||Susi Joswich||Fine/Sunny|
|2006||14 April||23||1st MC Erzgebirge||Handcross 49ers||Darren Ray||Gabi Mühlisch||Rain then fine/sunny|
|2007||6 April||23||1st MC Erzgebirge||1st MC Erzgebirge II||Darren Ray||Alison Reimer||Warm and sunny|
|2008||21 March||21||Yorkshire Meds||1st MC Erzgebirge||Halim Tata (Y-Meds) ||Leila Kara||Sunny but cold, rain later|
|2009||10 April||16||Yorkshire Meds||Handcross 49ers||Halim Tata (Y-Meds)||Alison Reimer||Wet|
|2010||2 April||19||1st MC Erzgebirge||Handcross 49ers||Ian Gardner||Jen McGowan||Wet|
|2011||22 April||19||Yorkshire Meds||Handcross 49ers||Chris Pampel||Leila Kara||Sunny|
|2012||6 April||16||1st MC Erzgebirge||Handcross 49ers||Chris Pampel||Alison Reimer||Cold|
|2013||29 March||13||Black Dog Boozers||Johnson Jets||Chris Pampel||Alison Reimer||Very cold|
|2014||18 April||14||1st MC Erzgebirge||Handcross 49ers||Paul Smith ||Leila Kara||Sunny|
|2015||3 April||19||1st MC Erzgebirge||Johnson Jets||Colin Gardner(BD-Boozers)||Alison Reimer||Cold/Rainy|
|2016||25 March||18||Yorkshire Meds ||Johnson Jets||Paul Smith||Leila Kara||Warm and sunny|
- Laurel and Hardy 1947 Comedy double act 
- Jack Warner (actor) 1948 English film and television actor (Dixon of Dock Green) 
- Jackie Rae 1964 Television presenter (The Golden Shot host) 
- Tricia Ingrams 1974 TV news presenter (Capital Radio/ITN/Thames News) 
- Dave Allen 1976 Irish comedian 
- Chris Tarrant 1980-2000s ?? TV & Radio presenter (Tiswas, Who Wants to Be a Millionaire? and Capital Radio Host)
- Tom Watt 1980-2000s ?? Actor (Lofty from Eastenders) and Radio sports journalist 
Video History from 1938 to 2016
- British and World Marbles championship video preview 1938 by British Pathé
- British and World Marbles championship video preview 1941 by British Pathé
- British and World Marbles championship video preview 1962 by British Pathé
- British and World Marbles championship video 2008 by YouTube
- British and World Marbles championship video 2010 Sky News Intro
- British and World Marbles championship video 2011 by ITN
- British and World Marbles championship video 2011 by YouTube
- British and World Marbles championship video 2013 by YouTube
- British and World Marbles championship video 2013 by 3news NZ
- British and World Marbles championship video 2014 on Bing
- British and World Marbles championship video 2015 by BYN TV News on YouTube
- British and World Marbles championship video 2015 by World Wide weird on YouTube
- British and World Marbles championship video 2016 by Britclip on YouTube
- "World Marbles Championship". International Business.
- "Have we lost our marbles? Australian champions 'Beavers On Fire And Marbles Are Burning' take part". The Guardian. 2008.
- "1970s". Greyhound Marbles. 2016.
- "World Marbles Championships held in Crawley". Crawley News. 2015.
- "Traditional Pub Games". Telegraph.co.uk.
- "Medieval Marble Tournament". Zen Marbles.
- "1940s". Greyhound Marbles. 2016.
- "British Marbles Board of Control (BMBC)". Land of Marbles.com.
- "British team defeats Germans to win World Marble Championship". Reuters. 2016.
- "Greyhound Marbles". Greyhound Marbles. 2016.
- "Marble Rules as Played at Tinsley Green Championship". Museum of American Glass in West Virginia.
- "Player takes a shot at the 2012 Championship". tv.yahoo.com.
- "Marbles As Usual 1941". British Pathé. 1941.
- "Marble Massacre". tonsleyevents.co.uk.
- "1930s". Greyhound Marbles. 2016.
- "Mini Skirts banned from Marble Championships 30th March 1970". news.google.com.
- "Easter Holiday Weather Summaries: 1958 - 1989". Martin Rowley for booty.org.uk. 2014.
- "All the winners". Greyhound Marbles. 2016.
- "The Marble Super-dome of Monroe county, Kentucky". GoNOMAD.
- "Black Dog Boozers win a record 13th Title". This is Sussex. April 2013.
- "Meet the beer-swilling competitors at the world marbles championship". Vice.com. 8 April 2015.
- "Tinsley Green Championships 2001". Museum of American Glass. 2008.
- "VIDEO: Leeds family on a roll...world marbles champs again". Yorkshire Evening Post. 2009.
- "Germans victorious as a marble-ous time was had by all". Crawley Observer. 23 April 2014.
- "1960s". Greyhound Marbles. 2016.