Broadus, Montana

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Broadus, Montana
Town
Powder River County Courthouse
Powder River County Courthouse
Nickname(s): Gateway and Crossroads
Location of Broadus, Montana
Location of Broadus, Montana
Coordinates: 45°26′34″N 105°24′33″W / 45.44278°N 105.40917°W / 45.44278; -105.40917Coordinates: 45°26′34″N 105°24′33″W / 45.44278°N 105.40917°W / 45.44278; -105.40917
Country United States
State Montana
County Powder River
Area[1]
 • Total 0.34 sq mi (0.88 km2)
 • Land 0.34 sq mi (0.88 km2)
 • Water 0 sq mi (0 km2)
Elevation 3,028 ft (923 m)
Population (2010)[2]
 • Total 468
 • Estimate (2015)[3] 488
 • Density 1,376.5/sq mi (531.5/km2)
Time zone Mountain (MST) (UTC-7)
 • Summer (DST) MDT (UTC-6)
ZIP code 59317
Area code(s) 406
FIPS code 30-09700
GNIS feature ID 0769230

Broadus is a town in and the county seat of Powder River County, Montana, United States.[4] The population was 468 at the 2010 census.

History[edit]

American Indian Wars[edit]

The Powder River Battles, part of the Powder River Expedition of 1865, were fought near the present-day town from September 1-11, 1865, by the U.S. Army against Sioux, Cheyenne, and Arapaho warriors. On March 17, 1876, the Battle of Powder River occurred about 34 miles (55 km) southwest of present-day Broadus, and on April 5, 1879, the Mizpah Creek Incidents began roughly 45 miles (72 km) north of the town's present location.

The Town[edit]

The Broadus post office was established in 1900, and named after the Broaddus family, early settlers in the area.[5] When the town's streets were being planned, they were made wide enough for a horse-drawn carriage to turn around. The original streets are still this wide today. In 1918 publication of the Broadus Independent began, and is still published today, although it is now called the Powder River Examiner. In 1920, Broadus was chosen as the county seat of the newly established Powder River County.

Geography[edit]

Broadus is located at 45°26′34″N 105°24′33″W / 45.44278°N 105.40917°W / 45.44278; -105.40917 (45.442809, -105.409147).[6]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 0.34 square miles (0.88 km2), all of it land.[1]

Climate[edit]

According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Broadus has a semi-arid climate, abbreviated "BSk" on climate maps.[7]

Climate[edit]

Broadus has a cold semi-arid climate due to its very dry winters. There are significant diurnal temperature variations throughout the year, and strong continental seasonal swings between the warm to hot summers and the cold winters.

Climate data for Broadus, Montana
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 70
(21)
75
(24)
83
(28)
93
(34)
101
(38)
108
(42)
108
(42)
106
(41)
104
(40)
95
(35)
80
(27)
69
(21)
108
(42)
Average high °F (°C) 32.6
(0.3)
38.0
(3.3)
46.8
(8.2)
58.7
(14.8)
68.6
(20.3)
78.0
(25.6)
87.7
(30.9)
86.7
(30.4)
75.1
(23.9)
62.5
(16.9)
45.7
(7.6)
35.8
(2.1)
59.68
(15.36)
Average low °F (°C) 7.3
(−13.7)
12.6
(−10.8)
20.8
(−6.2)
31.3
(−0.4)
41.3
(5.2)
50.3
(10.2)
56.2
(13.4)
53.5
(11.9)
42.6
(5.9)
31.8
(−0.1)
19.8
(−6.8)
10.6
(−11.9)
31.51
(−0.27)
Record low °F (°C) −38
(−39)
−40
(−40)
−37
(−38)
1
(−17)
13
(−11)
31
(−1)
35
(2)
28
(−2)
16
(−9)
−12
(−24)
−28
(−33)
−47
(−44)
−47
(−44)
Average precipitation inches (mm) 0.47
(11.9)
0.45
(11.4)
0.79
(20.1)
1.52
(38.6)
2.42
(61.5)
2.70
(68.6)
1.49
(37.8)
1.04
(26.4)
1.10
(27.9)
0.99
(25.1)
0.61
(15.5)
0.46
(11.7)
14.04
(356.6)
Average snowfall inches (cm) 6.5
(16.5)
5.7
(14.5)
6.9
(17.5)
4.0
(10.2)
1.0
(2.5)
0.1
(0.3)
0.0
(0)
0.0
(0)
0.4
(1)
1.8
(4.6)
5.2
(13.2)
6.4
(16.3)
38.0
(96.5)
Source: Western Regional Climate Center[8]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1950 517
1960 628 21.5%
1970 799 27.2%
1980 712 −10.9%
1990 572 −19.7%
2000 451 −21.2%
2010 468 3.8%
Est. 2015 488 [9] 4.3%
U.S. Decennial Census[10][11]
2015 Estimate[3]

2010 census[edit]

As of the census[2] of 2010, there were 468 people, 218 households, and 114 families residing in the town. The population density was 1,376.5 inhabitants per square mile (531.5/km2). There were 254 housing units at an average density of 747.1 per square mile (288.5/km2). The racial makeup of the town was 95.1% White, 0.6% Native American, 0.4% Asian, 1.7% from other races, and 2.1% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3.0% of the population.

There were 218 households of which 22.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 42.7% were married couples living together, 6.4% had a female householder with no husband present, 3.2% had a male householder with no wife present, and 47.7% were non-families. 44.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 24.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 1.99 and the average family size was 2.80.

The median age in the town was 51.3 years. 20.3% of residents were under the age of 18; 4.5% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 16.1% were from 25 to 44; 27% were from 45 to 64; and 32.3% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the town was 46.2% male and 53.8% female.

2000 census[edit]

As of the census[12] of 2000, there were 451 people, 199 households, and 125 families residing in the town. The population density was 1,379.2 people per square mile (527.7/km²). There were 267 housing units at an average density of 816.5 per square mile (312.4/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 98.45% White, 1.11% Native American, 0.22% Asian, and 0.22% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.11% of the population.

There were 199 households out of which 28.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 52.3% were married couples living together, 7.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 36.7% were non-families. 31.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 16.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.27 and the average family size was 2.86.

In the town, the population was spread out with 26.2% under the age of 18, 6.0% from 18 to 24, 24.6% from 25 to 44, 23.1% from 45 to 64, and 20.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 41 years. For every 100 females there were 93.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 87.1 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $25,156, and the median income for a family was $30,417. Males had a median income of $22,813 versus $15,417 for females. The per capita income for the town was $15,938. About 13.6% of families and 14.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 19.3% of those under age 18 and 14.0% of those age 65 or over.

Education[edit]

Broadus and Powder River County, Montana is served by the Powder River County District High School, which is part of the Broadus Public School System, District No. 79J. In addition to the high school, Broadus Public Schools also operates an elementary and junior high school. As of November 1, 2014, the junior and senior high schools had a combined enrollment of 135 students. The elementary school had an enrollment of about 150 for the 2005-06 school year, in pre-kindergarten through sixth grade.

Attractions[edit]

The Powder River Historical Museum includes many historical items, including a building housing "Mac's Museum", a large collection of seashells, minerals, and arrowheads, put together by Mac McCurdy. The Museum also has an original one-room schoolhouse, a pioneer cabin, jail cell, car barn, windmill, saddles, bits, spurs, displays representing early businesses, and a collection of artifacts from the Battle of Powder River.

The Powder River/Reynolds Battlefield is located on private land near the Powder River about 34 miles (55 km) southwest of present-day Broadus. The battlefield is accessible by Montana Secondary Highway 391, (Moorhead Road) on the west side of the Powder River. There is a rock monument marking the site, with the headstones of four soldiers killed there.[13]

Annual events include a County Fair in August, multiple Rodeos, street dances, a Christmas stroll early in December, and a Buffalo Shoot in which participants shoot targets with .375 or larger rifle's.

Notable people[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2012-01-24. Retrieved 2012-12-18. 
  2. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-12-18. 
  3. ^ a b "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 19, 2016. 
  4. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on 2011-05-31. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  5. ^ "Profile for Broadus, Montana". ePodunk. Retrieved 2010-05-28. 
  6. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  7. ^ Climate Summary for Broadus, Montana
  8. ^ {{ |url=http://www.wrcc.dri.edu/cgi-bin/cliMAIN.pl?mt1127 |title=BROADUS, MONTANA (241127) |accessdate=July 6, 2016 |publisher=Western Regional Climate Center |date=July 2016}}
  9. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2015". Retrieved July 2, 2016. 
  10. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Archived from the original on May 12, 2015. Retrieved June 4, 2015. 
  11. ^ "Census & Economic Information Center". Retrieved July 3, 2015. 
  12. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2013-09-11. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  13. ^ Vaughn, J.W. (1961). The Reynolds Campaign on Powder River. University of Oklahoma Press. 

External links[edit]