Burns Monument, Kilmarnock
The Burns Monument in Kay Park, Kilmarnock, Scotland, commemorates the poet Robert Burns (1759–1796). It is located at an elevated position within Kay Park, to the east of Kilmarnock Town Centre. The monument was opened in 1879, and is a category B listed building. In 2004 a fire destroyed part of the monument. The building was restored and extended as a genealogy centre, reopening as the Burns Monument Centre in 2009.
Kilmarnock has many links with Burns; the first edition of his work was printed here in 1786, by John Wilson, a local printer. Of this first edition only 612 copies were printed, and copies of this rare book are now known as Kilmarnock Editions.
On Burns Night 1877, a movement to erect a memorial in Kilmarnock was begun. Subscriptions came in so quickly that the organisers decided to investigate the possibility of a memorial building as well as a marble statue. In October, a design by local architect Robert S Ingram was accepted by the committee, and he began the preparation of drawings. In December, a design competition for the statue attracted 21 entries, and William Grant Stevenson of Edinburgh was judged the winner. The foundation stone was laid on 14 September 1878, by R. W. Cochran-Patrick of Woodside, Depute Provincial Grand Master for Ayrshire.
In August 1879, the 40 acres (16 ha) Kay Park was opened, with the completed Burns Monument as its focus. The statue was officially unveiled by Colonel Charles Alexander of Ballochmyle MP on 9 August. The monument cost around £1,500, with another £800 spent on the statue.
The design of the monument has been described as "an eclectic fusion of Scots Baronial, neo-Gothic and Italianate, with a dash of Baroque and a hint of Romanesque." The original building comprised a two-storey T-plan museum, topped by an 80 feet (24 m) high octagonal tower and spire, with the life-size white marble statue of Burns by Stevenson in a porch at the front. The tower offered wide views across Kilmarnock. Ingram, a prolific local architect, considered the monument to be his finest work.
Fire and redevelopment
The monument was badly damaged by fire in November 2004. The two storey museum section, at the rear, and the semi-octagonal two-storey tower collapsed, leaving only the front stairs, porch, part of the ground floor outer walls and two of the main internal walls.
Planning permission was granted in September 2006 for the partial re-instatement of the Burns Monument, with an extension to provide a marriage suite, registration service and archive service. The extension, designed by East Ayrshire Council architects, envelopes the remaining staircase and portico, which houses the statue of Robert Burns, and provides a courtyard setting with the statue of Burns and the remaining section of the original monument as a focal point to the northern elevation of the courtyard. The £5m Burns Monument Centre was opened in May 2009 by First Minister Alex Salmond, as Scotland's first purpose-built genealogy centre.
In July 2010, it was announced that the rebuilt Centre was one of six buildings nominated for the annual Carbuncle Cup, given to the "ugliest building in the UK completed in the last 12 months." The Carbuncle Cup is given by Building Design magazine, based on nominations from the public. The nominator of the Burns Monument Centre described it as a "forced, clumpy monstrosity with pointlessly random rooves".
- Historic Environment Scotland. "Kay Park, Burns Monument and former Museum (Category B) (LB35925)". Retrieved 2019-03-20.
- Adamson, Archibald R (1875). "The Kilmarnock Burns Monument and Kay Park". Ramble Round Kilmarnock. T. Stevenson.
- "Restoration for Burns Monument". BBC News. 29 September 2006. Retrieved 2008-05-12.
- McGinty, Stephen (24 July 2010). "Wee sleekit cow'rin tim'rous carbuncle". The Scotsman. Retrieved 2010-07-27.
- "Burns Monument Centre". Scottish Government. 16 May 2009. Retrieved 2010-07-27.
- Watson, Anna (22 July 2010). "Six in race for Carbuncle Cup". Building Design. Retrieved 2010-07-27.
- Burns Monument Centre official site
- Burns Monument Destroyed by fire, The Barred Bard
- Burns Monument Consultation, showing alternative proposals by East Ayrshire Council for redevelopment of the monument
- Burns Monument Centre, pictures of work in progress from East Ayrshire Council