Reinfeldt Cabinet

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Fredrik Reinfeldt's cabinet
Flag of Sweden.svg
52nd cabinet of Sweden
Fredrik-reinfeldt-alliance.jpg
Date formed 6 October 2006
Date dissolved 3 October 2014
People and organisations
Head of state Carl XVI Gustaf
Head of government Fredrik Reinfeldt
Deputy head of government Maud Olofsson (2006-2010)
Jan Björklund (2010-2014)
No. of ministers 25
Ministers removed
(Death/resignation/dismissal)
17
Member party Moderate Party
Liberal People's Party
Centre Party
Christian Democrats
Status in legislature Coalition majority government (2006-2010)
Coalition minority government (2010-2014)
History
Election(s) 2006 election
2010 election
Predecessor Persson's cabinet
Successor Löfven's cabinet
Coat of arms of Sweden.svg
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Sweden
Foreign relations

The cabinet of Fredrik Reinfeldt was the cabinet of Sweden from 2006 to 2014. It was a coalition cabinet consisting of the four parties in the centre-right Alliance for Sweden: the Moderate Party, Centre Party, Liberal People's Party and the Christian Democrats. The cabinet was installed on 6 October 2006, following the 2006 general election which ousted the Social Democrats after twelve years in power. It retained power after the 2010 general election but now as a minority government, and is the longest-serving consecutive non-social democratic government since Erik Gustaf Boström in 1900. It was led by Prime Minister Fredrik Reinfeldt of the Moderate Party.

Ministers[edit]

Portfolio Minister Took office Left office Party
Prime Minister's Office
Prime Minister Fredrik Reinfeldt6 October 20063 October 2014Moderate
Deputy Prime Minister Maud Olofsson6 October 20065 October 2010Centre
 Jan Björklund5 October 20103 October 2014Liberal People's
Minister for EU Affairs Cecilia Malmström6 October 200622 January 2010Liberal People's
 Birgitta Ohlsson2 February 20103 October 2014Liberal People's
Ministry of Justice
Minister for Justice Beatrice Ask6 October 20063 October 2014Moderate
Minister for Migration and Asylum Policy Tobias Billström6 October 200629 September 2014Moderate
Ministry for Foreign Affairs
Minister for Foreign Affairs Carl Bildt6 October 20063 October 2014Moderate
Minister for Trade Maria Borelius6 October 200614 October 2006Moderate
 Sten Tolgfors24 October 20066 September 2007Moderate
 Ewa Björling12 September 20073 October 2014Moderate
Minister for International Development Cooperation Gunilla Carlsson6 October 200617 September 2013Moderate
 Hillevi Engström17 September 20133 October 2014Moderate
Ministry of Defence
Minister for Defence Mikael Odenberg6 October 20065 September 2007Moderate
 Sten Tolgfors5 September 200729 March 2012Moderate
 Catharina Elmsäter-Svärd29 March 201218 April 2012Moderate
 Karin Enström18 April 20123 October 2014Moderate
Ministry of Health and Social Affairs
Minister for Health and Social Affairs Göran Hägglund6 October 20063 October 2014Christian Democrats
Minister for Elderly and Children Welfare Maria Larsson6 October 20063 October 2014Christian Democrats
Minister for Public Administration and Housing Stefan Attefall5 October 20103 October 2014Christian Democrats
Minister for Social Security Cristina Husmark Pehrsson6 October 20065 October 2010Moderate
 Ulf Kristersson5 October 20103 October 2014Moderate
Ministry of Finance
Minister for Finance Anders Borg6 October 20063 October 2014Moderate
Minister for Financial Markets Mats Odell6 October 20065 October 2010Christian Democrats
 Peter Norman5 October 20103 October 2014Moderate
Ministry of Education and Research
Minister for Education Lars Leijonborg6 October 200612 September 2007Liberal People's
 Jan Björklund12 September 20073 October 2014Liberal People's
Minister for Schools Jan Björklund6 October 200612 September 2007Liberal People's
Minister for Higher Education and Research Lars Leijonborg12 September 200717 June 2009Liberal People's
 Tobias Krantz17 June 20095 October 2010Liberal People's
Minister for Gender Equality Nyamko Sabuni5 October 201021 January 2013Liberal People's
 Maria Arnholm21 January 20133 October 2014Liberal People's
Ministry of Agriculture
Minister for Agriculture Eskil Erlandsson6 October 20063 October 2014Centre
Ministry of the Environment
Minister for the Environment Andreas Carlgren6 October 200629 september 2011Centre
 Lena Ek29 september 20113 October 2014Centre
Ministry of Enterprise, Energy and Communications
Minister for Enterprise Maud Olofsson6 October 200629 september 2011Centre
 Annie Lööf29 september 20113 October 2014Centre
Minister of IT and Energy Anna-Karin Hatt5 October 20103 October 2014Centre
Minister for Infrastructure Åsa Torstensson6 October 20065 October 2010Centre
 Catharina Elmsäter-Svärd5 October 20103 October 2014Moderate
Ministry of Integration and Gender Equality
Minister for Integration and Gender Equality Nyamko Sabuni6 October 20065 October 2010Liberal People's
Ministry of Culture
Minister for Culture Cecilia Stegö Chilò6 October 200616 October 2006Moderate
 Lena Adelsohn Liljeroth24 October 20063 October 2014Moderate
Ministry of Employment
Minister for Employment Sven Otto Littorin6 October 20067 July 2010Moderate
 Tobias Billström7 July 20105 October 2010Moderate
 Hillevi Engström5 October 201017 September 2013Moderate
 Elisabeth Svantesson17 September 20133 October 2014Moderate
Minister of Integration Erik Ullenhag5 October 20103 October 2014Liberal People's

Party breakdown[edit]

Party breakdown of cabinet ministers:

13
4
4
3

New ministries[edit]

Policy of the cabinet[edit]

The new government was presented on October 6, 2006. The following reforms have been proposed:

  • Communication and transportation:
    • The tax on automotive fuels will be raised because of inflation adjustment, by 9 öre per litre for gasoline and 6 öre per litre for diesel (excluding VAT).[1]
  • Culture:
  • Education:
    • The reform of the secondary education (gymnasium) which was to take effect from January 1, 2007 will be scrapped and instead the new government will start planning for a deeper reform to take place some time before 2010.[4]
  • Government agencies:
  • Foreign aid:
    • The monetary foreign aid's goal and what countries receiving aid is being reconsidered.

Implemented reforms and legalizations[edit]

  • Working Tax Cuts
  • Considerably raised fees for unemployment funds, linked to the rate of unemployment among the members of each fund (introduced January 2007, abolished January 2014) resulting in large membership losses of unemployment funds and trade unions[6] [7]
  • Municipal allowance
  • Deduction for household services, so-called RUT deduction
  • Abolished compulsory military service
  • High Schools reforms and new grading system for the entire school system
  • Reforming the legal framework of the National Defence Radio Establishment (FRA)
  • Implemented the Enforcement Directive (IPRED)
  • Defence Decision 2009
  • Abolished pharmaceutical monopoly
  • Deregulated railroad traffic[8]
  • Radio frequencies for mobile broadband in 800 MHz band[9]
  • Liberalisation of the Alcohol Law
  • Abolition of the Swedish Cinema Office
  • Abolition of compulsory student union[10]
  • Deductibility of gifts to nonprofit organizations
  • Reforms of the health insurance system
  • Decreased restaurant VAT from 25 to 12 percent, to the same level as for any other food.
  • Legalization of same-sex marriage
  • Corporate tax rate lowered from 26,3% to 22%.[11]

Controversies and resignations[edit]

On October 7, 2006, the day after the new cabinet was announced two of the ministers, the Minister for Foreign Trade Maria Borelius and the Minister for Culture Cecilia Stegö Chilò, admitted that they had previously employed persons to take care of their children without paying the appropriate taxes. On October 11, 2006, it came to light that Cecilia Stegö Chilò and her husband had not paid their TV license for the last 16 years. On October 12, 2006, it emerged that two other ministers in the cabinet had neglected to pay the television license; Maria Borelius and the Minister for Migration and Asylum Policy, Tobias Billström.[12] Radiotjänst i Kiruna AB, the private agency tasked with collecting the license fee, filed criminal charges against Cecilia Stegö Chilò, Maria Borelius and Tobias Billström.[13]

On October 14, 2006, Maria Borelius resigned as Minister for Foreign Trade. On October 16, 2006, just two days after Maria Borelius' resignation, Minister for Culture Cecilia Stegö Chilò resigned as well.[14]

The Minister for Defence, Mikael Odenberg, resigned on September 5, 2007, as he thought the budget cuts his department would face were to high.[15]

On March 29, 2012, Minister for Defence, Sten Tolgfors, resigned due of his way to deal with the Project Simoom.

Public perception[edit]

In public opinion survey conducted by Aftonbladet/Sifo in late 2006, the Swedish public was asked to rate each of the new ministers on a 5-graded scale. The average result for the 22 ministers was 2.93.[16] This is higher than any of the rates that the Social Democratic Persson cabinet ever received during its years in power, and the highest ratings ever since the surveys started in 1996.[17]

From the Swedish general election, 2006 the opinions for the Reinfeldt cabinet have declined steadily from a level of about 51% down to a level about 40%,[18] which election researchers generally explain as more than what could be expected due to normal inter-election popularity fall.[citation needed] Center-right newspapers in Sweden criticize the cabinet for not being pedagogically proficient,[citation needed] while the opposition newspapers just connects the impopularity of the cabinet with the scandals and the performed practical politics.[citation needed]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Tyngre börda för bilismen, Näringsliv24, October 20, 2006 (in Swedish)
  2. ^ Free museum entry to be abolished (in English), The Local, October 11, 2006.
  3. ^ Sändningstillstånd kan bli kortare för public service (in English), The Local, October 11, 2006.
  4. ^ Regeringen stoppar gymnasiereform, Upsala Nya Tidning, October 11, 2006 (in Swedish)
  5. ^ Fler myndighetsnedläggningar utreds, Svenska Dagbladet, October 23, 2006 (in Swedish)
  6. ^ Kjellberg, Anders (2009) "The Swedish Ghent system and trade unions under pressure" Transfer no 3-4 2009 (pp. 481–504). ISSN 1024-2589
  7. ^ Anders Kjellberg (2011) "The Decline in Swedish Union Density since 2007" Nordic Journal of Working Life Studies (NJWLS) Vol. 1. No 1 (August 2011), pp. 67-93
  8. ^ http://www.sweden.gov.se/sb/d/11656
  9. ^ http://www.dn.se/debatt/tv-branschens-ensamratt-till-frekvensutrymme-bryts-1.687636
  10. ^ http://www.sweden.gov.se/sb/d/11248/a/121230
  11. ^ Regeringskansliet, Regeringen och (2012-09-13). "Jobb- och tillväxtsatsningar: Sänkt bolagsskatt, investeraravdrag och stärkt rättssäkerhet". Regeringskansliet (in Swedish). Retrieved 2017-11-10. 
  12. ^ Ministers could be reported to police over TV fee (in English), The Local, October 12, 2006.
  13. ^ Ministers reported to police for unpaid TV licences Archived 2007-03-10 at the Wayback Machine. (in English), The Local, October 13, 2006.
  14. ^ Second Swedish minister resigns Archived 2012-04-19 at the Wayback Machine. (in English), The Local, October 16, 2006.
  15. ^ Odenbergs avgång en protest mot nedskärningar, Dagens Nyheter, September 5, 2007 
  16. ^ Aftonbladet, January 4, 2007 (not online).
  17. ^ Erixon, Dick, "Högsta betyg för svensk regering någonsin", January 10, 2007.
  18. ^ Synovate/Temo Opinion research

External links[edit]

Preceded by
Persson
Cabinet of Sweden
2006–2014
Succeeded by
Löfven