Cabrillo Marine Aquarium
Cabrillo Marine Aquarium, 2004 Addition
|Location||San Pedro, California, USA|
Cabrillo Marine Aquarium is an aquarium in San Pedro, California, United States, a community within Los Angeles. It concentrates on the marine life of Southern California. In addition to its displays, it also offers school and group programs.
The aquarium is operated by the City of Los Angeles Department of Recreation and Parks.
The original building was a small structure that welcomed visitors until there was a move to a much larger structure designed by Frank Gehry in 1981. The 2004 expansion was designed by Barton Phelps & Associates.
The aquarium began in 1935 as a collection of marine specimens stored in the Cabrillo Beach Bathhouse. In 1949, John Olguin, captain of the Cabrillo Beach lifeguards, was appointed director of the museum. He popularized the aquarium by giving impromptu tours to visiting school groups as well as starting the popular evening program of viewing and learning about the bizarre grunion mating practices on the beach.
On October 21, 1981, the new $3 million, Frank Gehry-designed museum opened and the old museum closed. Throughout the 1990s, the museum experienced significant growth and its name changed from Cabrillo Marine Museum to the Cabrillo Marine Aquarium to highlight its living collections. It expanded its public programs sector and added Ocean Outreach, Sea Rangers, Discovery Labs and Friends of Cabrillo Marine Aquarium. In 2004, the building was expanded with an Exploration Center, the S. Mark Taper Foundation Courtyard, an Aquatic Nursery and the Virginia Reed Moore Research Library. In October 2010, it celebrated its 75-year anniversary.
The original one-story, 23,000 square feet (2,100 m2) facility was designed by Frank Gehry & Associates. It features indoor and outdoor exhibit spaces, an auditorium, wet laboratories and offices around a central open space wrapped in chain-link fencing. Free-standing tanks served by exposed electrical and plumbing systems openly display mechanical functions.
In 2000, Los Angeles commissioned Barton Phelps & Associates to prepare a master plan for a phased expansion. A 21,000 square feet (2,000 m2) two-story addition houses wet labs, offices, and the Moore Research Library. A fiberglass sculptural screen fronts the expanded complex.
- "Over 70 Years of Marine Education: A Brief History of the Cabrillo Marine Aquarium" (PDF). cabrillomarineaquarium.org. Cabrillo Marine Aquarium. Retrieved 25 January 2011.
- "List of Accredited Zoos and Aquariums". aza.org. Association of Zoos and Aquariums. Retrieved 5 September 2010.
- "Cabrillo Marine Aquarium". cabrillomarineaquarium.org. Cabrillo Marine Aquarium. Retrieved 25 January 2011.
- Galindo, Michelle (2008). 1000x : Architecture of the Americas, Cabrillo Marine Aquarium. Verlagshaus Braun. p. 516. ISBN 978-3-938780-56-5.
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