Caldas Department

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Department of Caldas
Departamento de Caldas
Flag of Department of Caldas
Coat of arms of Department of Caldas
Caldas shown in red
Caldas shown in red
Topography of the department
Topography of the department
Coordinates: 5°06′N 75°33′W / 5.100°N 75.550°W / 5.100; -75.550Coordinates: 5°06′N 75°33′W / 5.100°N 75.550°W / 5.100; -75.550
Country Colombia
RegionAndean Region
 • GovernorLuis Carlos Velásquez Cardona (2020-2024)
 • Total7,888 km2 (3,046 sq mi)
 • Rank28th
 • Total998,255
 • Rank17th
 • Density130/km2 (330/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC-05
ISO 3166 codeCO-CAL
HDI (2019)0.778[2]
high · 6th of 33

Caldas (Spanish pronunciation: [ˈkaldas]) is a department of Colombia named after Colombian patriotic figure Francisco José de Caldas. It is part of the Paisa Region and its capital is Manizales. The population of Caldas is 998,255, and its area is 7,291 km². Caldas is also part of the Colombian Coffee-Growers Axis region along with the Risaralda and Quindio departments.




Caldas has 6 districts.


In Caldas is the Miel I Dam.[3]


Historical population
1938 769,968—    
1951 1,067,324+38.6%
1964 712,916−33.2%
1973 698,042−2.1%
1985 883,024+26.5%
1993 1,030,062+16.7%
2005 968,740−6.0%
2018 998,255+3.0%

The population of Caldas is 984,128 (2013), half of whom live in Manizales. The racial composition is:

  • White / Mestizo (93.16%)
  • Amerindian or Indigenous (4.29%)
  • Black or Afro-Colombian (2.54%)

The local inhabitants of Caldas are known as caldenses. Of the five main regional groups in Colombia, the predominant group in Caldas are known as paisa, referring to those living in the Paisa region, which covers most of Antioquia, as well as the departments of Caldas, Risaralda and Quindío.


  1. ^ "DANE". Archived from the original on November 13, 2009. Retrieved February 13, 2013.
  2. ^ "Sub-national HDI - Area Database - Global Data Lab". Retrieved 2018-09-13.
  3. ^ Archived 2009-03-27 at the Wayback Machine
  4. ^ "Reloj de Población". DANE. Departamento Administrativo Nacional de Estadísitica. Archived from the original on 28 October 2016. Retrieved 6 July 2017.

External links[edit]