Caldas Department

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Department of Caldas
Departamento de Caldas
Flag of Department of Caldas
Coat of arms of Department of Caldas
Coat of arms
Caldas shown in red
Caldas shown in red
Topography of the department
Topography of the department
Coordinates: 5°06′N 75°33′W / 5.100°N 75.550°W / 5.100; -75.550Coordinates: 5°06′N 75°33′W / 5.100°N 75.550°W / 5.100; -75.550
Country  Colombia
Region Andean Region
Established 1905
Capital Manizales
 • Governor Guido Echeverri Piedrahita (2016-2019)
 • Total 7,888 km2 (3,046 sq mi)
Area rank 28th
Population (2013)[1]
 • Total 984,128
 • Rank 17th
 • Density 120/km2 (320/sq mi)
Time zone UTC-05
ISO 3166 code CO-CAL
Municipalities 27

Caldas (Spanish pronunciation: [ˈkaldas]) is a department of Colombia named after Colombian patriotic figure Francisco José de Caldas. It is part of the Paisa Region and its capital is Manizales. The population of Caldas is 1,030,062, and its area is 7,291 km². Caldas is also part of the Colombian Coffee-Growers Axis region along with the Risaralda and Quindio departments.


Districts of Caldas[edit]

Caldas has 6 Districts:

Central Southern District[edit]

  • Manizales (capital)
  • Chinchiná
  • Neira
  • Palestina
  • Villamaría

Lower Western District[edit]

  • Anserma (Capital)
  • Belalcazar
  • Risaralda
  • San José
  • Viterbo

Upper Western District[edit]

  • Supía (Capital)
  • Filadelfia
  • La Merced
  • Marmato
  • Riosucio

Northern District[edit]

  • Aguadas
  • Aranzazu
  • Pacora
  • Salamina

Upper Eastern District[edit]

  • Manzanares
  • Marquetalia
  • Marulanda
  • Pensilvania

Magdalena Caldense District[edit]

  • La Dorada (Capital)
  • Norcasia
  • Samaná
  • Victoria


In Caldas is the Miel I Dam.[2]


The population of Caldas is 984,128 (2013), half of whom live in Manizales.. The racial composition is:

  • White / Mestizo (93.16%)
  • Amerindian or Indigenous (4.29%)
  • Black or Afro-Colombian (2.54%)

The local inhabitants of Caldas are known as caldenses. Of the five main regional groups in Colombia, the predominant group in Caldas are known as paisa, referring to those living in the Paisa region, which covers most of Antioquia, as well as the departments of Caldas, Risaralda and Quindío.


  1. ^ "DANE". Archived from the original on November 13, 2009. Retrieved February 13, 2013. 
  2. ^ Archived 2009-03-27 at the Wayback Machine.

External links[edit]