Canadian Tulip Festival
|Canadian Tulip Festival|
Tulips from the 2006 Tulip Festival.
|Dates||3 weekends in May|
|Location(s)||National Capital Region (Canada)|
The Canadian Tulip Festival (French: Festival Canadien des Tulipes; Dutch: Canadese Festival van de Tulp) is a tulip festival, held annually in May in Ottawa, Canada. The festival claims to be the world's largest tulip festival, displaying over one million tulips, with attendance of over 500,000 visitors annually. Large displays of tulips are planted throughout the city, and the largest display of tulips is found in Commissioners Park on the shores of Dow's Lake, and along the Rideau Canal with 300,000 tulips planted there alone. As well as tulip displays, the festival also includes music performances, speakers and exhibits of international cuisine.
In 1945, the Dutch royal family sent 100,000 tulip bulbs to Ottawa in gratitude for Canadians having sheltered Princess Juliana and her daughters for the preceding three years during the Nazi occupation of the Netherlands, in the Second World War.
The most noteworthy event during their time in Canada was the birth in 1943 of Princess Margriet to Princess Juliana at the Ottawa Civic Hospital. The maternity ward was declared to be officially a temporary part of international territory, so that she would be born in no country and would inherit only her Dutch citizenship from her mother. In 1946, Juliana sent another 20,500 bulbs requesting that a display be created for the hospital, and promised to send 10,000 more bulbs each year.
The festival begins
In the years following Queen Juliana's original donation, Ottawa became famous for its tulips and in 1953 the Ottawa Board of Trade and photographer Malak Karsh organized the first "Canadian Tulip Festival". Queen Juliana returned to celebrate the festival in 1967, and Princess Margriet returned in 2002 to celebrate the 50th anniversary of the festival.
Outdoor music concerts
For many years, the festival featured a series of outdoor music concerts in addition to the tulips. The 1972 festival saw Liberace give an opening concert, and at the 1987 festival, Canadian singer Alanis Morissette made her first appearance at the age of 12. The Trews first became widely known after opening for Big Sugar at the 2003 festival. Montreal's General Rudie also gained valuable exposure early in their career with a performance at the 2000 festival.
After several years of cold and rainy weekends drove the festival to the brink of bankruptcy in 2006, the outdoor music concerts were discontinued. Even though concert admission fees were a source of revenue for the festival, rainy weather contributed to low concert attendance on many occasions, making the concerts a heavy financial risk.
In 2007, the festival was reorganised under new leadership. The festival was redesigned to focus on promoting international friendship, the original symbolic role of the gift of tulips. Park admission charges were eliminated and a new feature called Celebridée: a Celebration of Ideas was introduced. Another component of the 2007 festival was a fund-raising effort in support of War Child Canada.
Beyond celebrating the tulip as a symbol of beauty and friendship, the Canadian Tulip Festival, through Celebridée, aims to present some of the most brilliant thinkers of our time speaking about ideas that matter.
Celebridée has continued to grow since its inception in 2007. 2008’s speakers included such diverse and thought-provoking individuals as Sir Salman Rushdie, Wired Magazine's Chris Anderson, Pulitzer Prize winning author of Guns, Germs and Steel Jared Diamond, and world-renowned pianist Angela Hewitt.
Festival sites and themes
|1994||A Tribute to the Origin Country of the Tulip - Turkey|
|1995||The Friendship That Flowered
50th anniversary of the Liberation of the Netherlands
|1996||Floral Tribute to Nice|
|1997||Floral Artistry of Japan|
|1998||A Celebration of Canada's Provinces and Territories|
|2000||Tulips 2000: A Capital Celebration!|
|2001||Tulips Forever! A Salute to Britain|
|2002||Tulipmania! 50th Anniversary|
|2003||G’day Australia – Tulips Down Under|
|2004||Canada’s Tulip Experience|
|2005||A Celebration of Peace and Friendship|
|2006||Tulips 2006 – World Flower Rendezvous!|
|2007||"CelebrIDÉE A Celebration of Ideas" inaugural year|
|2008||Where Ideas Bloom|
|2009||The Tulip Route|
|2010||"Liberation" - The 65th anniversary of the liberation of Europe.|
|2011||"Kaleidoscope" - A celebration of Spring awakening through colour, culture and community|
- Commissioners Park - Dow's Lake
- Garden of the Provinces, Parliament Hill - Capital Infocentre
- Major's Hill Park
- Canadian Museum of Nature
- National Gallery of Canada
- Royal Canadian Mint
- Library and Archives Canada
- Canadian War Museum
- Canadian Museum of Civilization
Because of the ongoing Canadian support for the Netherlands during the war, Seymour Cobley of the Royal Horticultural Society actually donated 83,000 tulips to Canada from 1941–1943, several years before the Royal Family followed suit.
Photographer Malak Karsh became widely known for his photographs of the Tulip Festival.
While the Netherlands continues to send 20,000 bulbs to Canada each year (10,000 from the Royal Family and 10,000 from the Dutch Bulb Growers Association), by 1963 the festival featured more than 2 million, and today sees nearly 3 million tulips purchased from Dutch and Canadian distributors.
Commissioner's Park, on the shores of Dow's Lake is a major centre of activity for the Tulip Festival. The largest concentration of tulips in the National Capital Region — some 300,000 — can be found planted along a section of the lakeshore. Commissioners Park also features buskers and musicians, and artists demonstrating their skills.
Major's Hill Park
In addition to tulip beds and buskers, Major's Hill Park features a large tented International Pavilion with culture, food and entertainment from a number of different countries. Crafts and activities for children are offered by some of the international pavilions which are operated by embassies and local community groups. Varying international exhibits have been featured during many years of the festival's history, but international representation was expanded to 15 countries in 2007, and again to 25 in 2008.
Other sites throughout the National Capital Region
The Garden of the Provinces and Territories, located directly across from Library and Archives Canada on Wellington Street is one of many sites that the National Capital Commission plants with thousands of tulips. Others include Parliament Hill, the banks of the Rideau Canal, and in Gatineau, Jacques Cartier Park, Montcalm-Taché Park, and the Malak flowerbed behind the Canadian Museum of Civilization.
- Liberation Day (The Netherlands)
- Canada-Netherlands relations
- National Tulip Day in The Netherlands
- National Canadian Liberation Monument, with its own "Man with Two Hats" sculpture
- "Tulip Times" (PDF). p. 4. Retrieved October 12, 2010.
- "Showcasing Canada's Capital Region" (Press release). Canadian Tulip Festival. 2007. Retrieved 2007-05-18.
- "Tulip Times" (PDF). p. 7. Retrieved October 12, 2010.
-  Archived March 1, 2006, at the Wayback Machine.
- "Crown princess Juliana in 1945 said thanks with loads of tulips". The Windmill news articles. goDutch. 1943-01-19. Retrieved 2012-05-24.