Leander, Texas

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Leander, Texas
Leander city limit
Leander city limit
Location of Leander, Texas
Location of Leander, Texas
Williamson County Leander.svg
Coordinates: 30°34′44″N 97°51′11″W / 30.57889°N 97.85306°W / 30.57889; -97.85306Coordinates: 30°34′44″N 97°51′11″W / 30.57889°N 97.85306°W / 30.57889; -97.85306
CountryUnited States
CountiesWilliamson, Travis
IncorporatedJanuary 21, 1978[1]
 • TypeCouncil-Manager
 • MayorChristine DeLisle[2]
 • City ManagerRick Beverlin
 • Total37.70 sq mi (97.65 km2)
 • Land37.50 sq mi (97.13 km2)
 • Water0.20 sq mi (0.52 km2)
Elevation978 ft (298 m)
 • Total59,202
 • Density1,160.6/sq mi (448.11/km2)
Time zoneUTC-6 (Central (CST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC-5 (CDT)
ZIP codes
78641, 78646
Area code(s)512 & 737
FIPS code48-42016[5]
GNIS feature ID1361023[4]

Leander (/liˈændər/ lee-AN-dər) is a city in Williamson County and Travis County, Texas, United States. The population was 26,521 at the 2010 census,[6] and 59,202 at the 2020 census.[7] A suburb just north of Austin, and part of the Greater Austin metropolitan area, it was the fastest-growing city in the United States between 2018 and 2019.[8]


Leander was established in 1882 on land sold by the Austin and Northwestern Railroad Co. to prospective citizens.[9] The town was named in honor of Leander "Catfish" Brown, one of the railroad officials responsible for the completion of the line.[9][10]

In 1836, a company of Texas Rangers, including John J. Tumlinson Jr. established Tumlinson Fort, the first Anglo-American post in Williamson County. The post was located on Brushy Creek, four miles south of present-day Leander, and was established to protect settlers from Indian attacks. The company abandoned the post to fight in the Texas Revolution, and a few years later it was discovered, burned down by Indians.[11]

It was near Leander that the Leanderthal Lady, a skeleton dating back 10,000 to 13,000 years, was discovered; the site was one of the earliest intact burials found in the United States.[12]

In August and September 2011, destructive wildfires swept through two central Leander neighborhoods, burning a total of 330 acres (130 ha) and destroying 26 homes.


Leander is located at the intersection of Ranch to Market Road 2243 and US Route 183 about 22 miles northwest of Austin. Georgetown lies 5 miles to the east on Route 2243.[13]

According to the City of Leander, the city has a total area of 34.08 square miles (88.3 km2). None of the area is covered with water.


Historical population
Census Pop.
U.S. Decennial Census[14]
Leander racial composition as of 2020[15]
(NH = Non-Hispanic)[a]
Race Number Percentage
White (NH) 33,905 57.27%
Black or African American (NH) 2,856 4.82%
Native American or Alaska Native (NH) 207 0.35%
Asian (NH) 5,884 9.94%
Pacific Islander (NH) 66 0.11%
Some Other Race (NH) 339 0.57%
Mixed/Multi-Racial (NH) 2,858 4.83%
Hispanic or Latino 13,087 22.11%
Total 59,202

As of the 2020 United States census, there were 59,202 people, 18,505 households, and 15,118 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,016.2 people per square mile (392.6/km2). There were 2,612 housing units at an average density of 349.4 per square mile (135.0/km2). 51.7% of households had children under the age of 18 living with them, 65.5% were married couples living together, 10.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 19.0% were non-families. 14.8% of all households were made up of individuals, and 3.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.01 and the average family size was 3.33.

In the city, the population was spread out, with 33.5% under the age of 18, 7.6% from 18 to 24, 38.6% from 25 to 44, 15.7% from 45 to 64, and 4.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 30 years. For every 100 females, there were 102.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 96.0 males.

As of 2019, median household income (in 2019 dollars) from 2015 to 2019 was $101,872. Per capita income in first 12 months of 2021 (in 2019 dollars), 2015–2019 was $36,893, and persons in poverty, was 4.2%.[18]


Leander is the center of the Leander Independent School District. Schools in the district include Leander High School, Vista Ridge High School, Cedar Park High School, Charles Rouse High School, Vandegrift High School, Tom Glenn High School, Wiley Middle School (Bernice Knox Wiley Middle School), Leander Middle School, Danielson Middle School, Henry Middle School, Running Brushy Middle School, Cedar Park Middle School, Canyon Ridge Middle school, Parkside Elementary School, Pleasant Hill Elementary School, Rutledge Elementary School, Whitestone Elementary School, Jim Plain Elementary School, and Block House Creek Elementary School, Winkley Elementary School, Reed Elementary School, Camacho Elementary (S.T.E.M.) school, Bagdad Elementary School and Monta Akin Elementary School.



Leander is a jurisdiction member of the Capital Metropolitan Transportation Authority (Capital Metro). The northern terminus for the Capital MetroRail Red Line is located at Leander Station and Park & Ride designed by McKinney York Architects, located on U.S. Highway 183 north of Ranch to Market Road 2243. Leander Station also has access to several express bus lines, and includes a park and ride facility with 600 parking spaces.[19]

Notable people[edit]


  1. ^ "Leander's History". Leander Chamber of Commerce.
  2. ^ "Leander City Council". City of Leander.
  3. ^ "2019 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 7, 2020.
  4. ^ a b U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Leander, Texas
  5. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  6. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Counts,1996 homes have a pet in the household 2010 Census of Population and Housing" (PDF). Texas: 2010. Retrieved 2017-01-06.
  7. ^ "U.S. Census Bureau QuickFacts: Leander city, Texas". www.census.gov. Retrieved 2022-03-20.
  8. ^ Bureau, US Census. "The 15 Fastest-Growing Large Cities - By Percent Change: 2018-2019". The United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2020-10-08.
  9. ^ a b "Leander Texas history and historical marker-- Williamson County". wilcohistory.org. Retrieved June 13, 2022.
  10. ^ "The History of the City of Leander". LeanderTx.gov. Retrieved January 30, 2017.
  11. ^ Karen R. Thompson (June 15, 2010). "TUMLINSON FORT". tshaonline.org. Retrieved May 24, 2018.
  12. ^ Texas Historical Commission. "Leanderthal Lady - Texas Historical Marker". StoppingPoints.
  13. ^ Texas Atlas & Gazetteer, DeLorme, 4th ed. 2001, p.69
  14. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  15. ^ "Explore Census Data". data.census.gov. Retrieved 2022-05-24.
  16. ^ http://www.census.gov
  17. ^ "About the Hispanic Population and its Origin". www.census.gov. Retrieved 18 May 2022.
  18. ^ US Census Bureau "QuickFacts" for Leander city, Texas
  19. ^ "MetroRail Stations - Capital Metro - Austin Public Transit". CapMetro.org. Archived from the original on October 15, 2016. Retrieved January 30, 2017.
  1. ^ Note: the US Census treats Hispanic/Latino as an ethnic category. This table excludes Latinos from the racial categories and assigns them to a separate category. Hispanics/Latinos can be of any race.[16][17]

External links[edit]