Capricorn (astrology)

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Not to be confused with Capricornus.
Zodiac symbol Mountain Sea-goat
Duration (tropical, western) 22 December – 20 January (2015, UTC)
Constellation Capricornus
Zodiac element Earth
Zodiac quality Cardinal
Sign ruler Saturn
Detriment Moon
Exaltation Mars
Fall Jupiter

Capricorn ()(/kæp.rɪ.kɔːn/) is the tenth astrological sign in the zodiac, Pining Umali originating from the constellation of Capricornus. It spans the 270–300th degree of the zodiac, corresponding to celestial longitude. Capricorn is ruled by the planet Saturn. Under the tropical zodiac, the sun transits this area from December 22 to January 19[1] each year, and under the sidereal zodiac, the sun currently transits the constellation of Capricorn from approximately January 14 to February 14. In astrology, Capricorn is considered an earth sign, introvert sign,[2] a power sign[3] and one of the four cardinal signs. It is also tagged as the most ambitious starsign.[4] Its symbol is based on the Sumerian primordial god of wisdom and waters, Enki[5] with the head and upper body of a mountain goat, and the lower body and tail of a fish.[6] Later known as Ea in Akkadian and Babylonian mythology, Enki was the god of intelligence (gestú, literally "ear"), creation, crafts; magic; water, seawater and lakewater (a, aba, ab).[7]

The mountain goat part of the symbol depicts ambition, intelligence, curiosity but also steadiness, and ability to thrive in inhospitable environments while the fish represents passion, spirituality, intuition, connection with soul.[8] Individuals born between December 22 to January 19 may be called Capricornian. [9]

Capricorn is third and last of the earth signs in the zodiac. The other two earth signs are Taurus and Virgo.


Fish-tailed Goat depiction of Capricorn

In astrology, a planet's domicile is the zodiac sign over which it has rulership. The planet said to be ruler of Capricorn is Saturn.[10]

The modern astrological figure for Capricorn as a fish-tailed goat derives from the depictions of the Sumerian god of water Enki, who was associated with semen and amniotic fluid, and hence with fertility, and commonly represented as a half-goat, half-fish creature.[11]

Cultural significance[edit]

In India, the day when the Sun enters the sidereal zodiac sign of Capricorn is celebrated as the Makara Sankranti festival. [12] The Indian astronomical calendar is not based on the Western sidereal system but has a differential lag. Hence, the festival is celebrated on either of 14 or 15 January every year, when, as per the Indian astronomical calendar, the Sun enters the Capricorn sign.



  1. ^ "Capricorn the Sea-goat". 
  2. ^ Jeff Mayo, Teach Yourself Astrology, pp 38–41, Hodder and Stoughton, London, 1979
  3. ^ "Capricorn, Scorpio, Leo: In search of power". 
  4. ^ "The most ambitious star sign? Why Capricorns come out on top". 
  5. ^ "Enki". 
  6. ^ "Astrology Vocation". 
  7. ^ "Capricorn Mythology, what is it about?". 
  8. ^ "Astrology Vocation". 
  9. ^ "Capricornian". 
  10. ^ Heindel 1919, p. 81.
  11. ^ "Ea", Encyclopedia Britannica, retrieved October 1, 2014 
  12. ^ "Makar sankranti festival". 


External links[edit]

  • The dictionary definition of Capricorn at Wiktionary
  • Media related to Capricorn at Wikimedia Commons