|Zodiac symbol||Balance Scales|
|Duration (tropical, western)||September 22 – October 23 (2021, UT1)|
Libra (♎︎) is the seventh astrological sign in the Zodiac. Libra is Latin for scales. It spans 180°–210° celestial longitude. The Sun transits this sign on average between September 23 (September equinox) and October 23. Under the sidereal zodiac, the Sun currently transits the constellation of Libra from approximately October 31 to November 22. The symbol of the scales is based on the Scales of Justice held by Themis, the Greek personification of divine law and custom. She became the inspiration for modern depictions of Lady Justice. The ruling planet of Libra is Venus. Libra is the only zodiac constellation represented by an inanimate object; with the other eleven signs represented by either an animal or mythological character.
Libra is the cardinal modality of the three air signs, the others being Gemini and Aquarius. The main connotations of planets under this sign are sociable, rational, and detached when dealing with situations. Libra is symbolized by the scales and is associated with the Roman deity Iustitia. According to the writer Manilius, Roman judges are born under the sign of Libra.[page needed]
The Moon was said to be in Libra when Rome was founded and this was based on the historical passage, which state "qua condita Roma". Everything was balanced under this righteous sign. Manilius once said that Libra was the sign "in which the seasons are balanced". Both the hours of the day and the hours of the night match each other. Thus why the Romans put so much trust in the "balanced sign". Going back to ancient Greek times, Libra the constellation between Virgo and Scorpio used to be ruled over by the constellation of Scorpio. They called the area the Latin word "chelae", which translated to "the claws" which can help identify the individual stars that make up the full constellation of Libra, since it was so closely identified with the Scorpion constellation in the sky.
Libra, or al-Mīzān, depicted in the 14th/15th century Arabic astrological text Book of Wonders
- Astronomical Applications Department 2011.
- Aaboe, Asger (2001). Episodes From the Early History of Astronomy. New York: Springer Science+Business Media. pp. 19. ISBN 9780387951362.
- Libra n.d.
- Scorpio n.d.
- Shapiro 1977.
- Atsma c. 2015.
- Horoscopes n.d.
- Libra Nature 2015.
- Ridpath n.d.
- Team, The GaneshaSpeaks (2017). GEMINI - Your Zodiac Horoscope 2018. Ahmedabad: www.GaneshaSpeaks.com. p. 16.
- Horace (2017). Horace: Odes Book II. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. p. 203. ISBN 9781107012912.
- Goodyear, F. R. D. (2004). The Classical Papers of A. E. Housman, Volume 2. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press. p. 871. ISBN 0521606969.
- Astronomical Applications Department (2011). Multiyear Computer Interactive Almanac. 2.2.2. Washington DC: US Naval Observatory. Longitude of Sun, apparent geocentric ecliptic of date, interpolated to find time of crossing 0°, 30°....
- Atsma, Aaron J. (c. 2015). "Themis: Greek Titan goddess of divine-law, custom & prophecy". Theoi.com. Retrieved February 6, 2015.
- "Horoscopes, Tarot, Psychic Readings". www.astrology.com. Archived from the original on September 23, 2015. Retrieved August 4, 2015.
- "Libra". Oxford Dictionaries. n.d. Retrieved March 1, 2018.
- "Libra Nature - Libra Ruling Planet". www.ganeshaspeaks.com. 2015. Retrieved August 4, 2015.
- Ridpath, Ian (n.d.). "Star Tales – Libra". www.ianridpath.com. Retrieved March 8, 2016.
- "Scorpio". Oxford Dictionaries. n.d. Retrieved May 2, 2020.
- Shapiro, Lee (1977). "The real constellations of the zodiac". International Planetarium Society. Retrieved January 12, 2019.