A carminative, also known as carminativum (plural carminativa), is an herb or preparation intended to either prevent formation of gas in the gastrointestinal tract or facilitate the expulsion of said gas, thereby combatting flatulence.
The word "carminative" is a derivative of Latin cārmen 'card for wool', on the humoral theory that carminatives "dilute and relax the gross humours from whence the wind arises, combing them out like the knots in wool".
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- Anise seed
- Cnidium monnieri (She Huangzi)
- Lemon balm
- The English author Aldous Huxley includes a long passage (chapter 20) about the word "carminative" in his novel Crome Yellow. The character Denis describes how he had loved the word since childhood, and had built up rich, elaborate associations with it until, with disappointment, he had discovered its true meaning.
- Hensleigh Wedgwood, A Dictionary of English Etymology, s.v.
- Pitasawat, B; Choochote, W; Kanjanapothi, D; Panthong, A; Jitpakdi, A; Chaithong, U (Sep 1998). "Screening for larvicidal activity of ten carminative plants.". The Southeast Asian journal of tropical medicine and public health. 29 (3): 660–2. PMID 10437975.
- Harries, Nicola; James, K. C.; Pugh, W. K. (1 July 1977). "Antifoaming and Carminative Actions of Volatile Oils". Journal of Clinical Pharmacy and Therapeutics. 2 (3): 171–177. doi:10.1111/j.1365-2710.1977.tb00087.x.
- W.N. Ewing; Lucy Tucker (2008). The Living Gut. Nottingham University Press. ISBN 9781904761570.
- Huxley, Aldous (1921). Crome yellow. United Kingdom: Chatto & Windus.
The dictionary definition of carminative at Wiktionary
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