Castielfabib

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Castielfabib
Municipality
Coat of arms of Castielfabib
Coat of arms
Castielfabib is located in Spain
Castielfabib
Castielfabib
Location in Spain
Coordinates: 40°7′50″N 1°18′16″W / 40.13056°N 1.30444°W / 40.13056; -1.30444Coordinates: 40°7′50″N 1°18′16″W / 40.13056°N 1.30444°W / 40.13056; -1.30444
Country  Spain
Autonomous community  Valencian Community
Province Valencia
Comarca Rincón de Ademuz
Judicial district Llíria
Government
 • Alcalde Eduardo Aguilar Villalba
Area
 • Total 106.3 km2 (41.0 sq mi)
Elevation 927 m (3,041 ft)
Population (2008)
 • Total 232
 • Density 2.2/km2 (5.7/sq mi)
Demonym(s) Castielero, castielera
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 46141
Official language(s) Spanish
Website Official website

Castielfabib is a municipality in the comarca of Rincón de Ademuz in the Valencian Community, Spain.

Geography[edit]

Called "the small Albarracín", the town is on a hill on the right bank of the river Ebrón. Located in the northwest corner of Rincon de Ademuz it is mountainous with elevation ranging between 800 and 1,550 m. The most important heights are: Mill Creek (1,338 m), Peña de Águila (1,112 m), Pear (1481 m) and third order geodetic vertices of Cabezo (1,442 m), Macarron (1,222 m), Umbria La Muela (1,068 m) and Cross of the Three Kingdoms (1,552 m), so named because its summit brings together the old kingdoms of Aragon, Castile and Valencia. The river Turia enters the north, serving as the border with Teruel. It flows on the east of Riodeva, bordering Torre Baja. Ebrón River crosses the territory from northwest to southeast, flowing also Turia, the boulevard of Palomarejos runs north and get the precipice of the Canaleja. The climate is continental, the prevailing winds are from the north and east, the latter causing the rains in April.

Civil Parishes (Pedanías)[edit]

In the municipality of Castielfabib there are the following civil parishes:

Bordering towns[edit]

The municipality of Castielfabib borders with the following towns: Ademuz, Torrebaja and Vallanca all of them in the province of Valencia.

Also, by the west with Salvacañete in the province of Cuenca, Castilla-La Mancha; Tormón, Veguillas de la Sierra, El Cuervo, Tramacastiel and Libros of the province of Teruel, Aragon by the north and the north-east.

History[edit]

View of the church-fortress of Castielfabib

Castielfabib is, together with Ademuz, one of the two historic towns of the region of Ademuz corner, from the Christian conquest by the Aragonese, in the thirteenth century, both were incorporated into real domain and property of the Crown and had representation in parliament.

Their origins, however, are much older. In Soreico Solana, there are remnants of the Bronze Age, perhaps in a village of this culture, on which he rose, and in the Iron Age, another Iberian establishment. Blow Romans appear in the Faber Castle, west of the town. In Castillejo in the departure of the Saints, was found in 1971 a Roman tombstone fragment preserved in the Museum of Prehistoric Valencia.

The population was captured in 1210 by Peter II of Aragon, was recovered by the Muslims again. When finally conquered by James I it was a place of the Crown, cediéndose the tithes into the Temple. In 1304 was committed by James II Gil Ruiz de Lihori as collateral for a loan. In 1319 to be dissolved the Knights Templar, their rights were transferred to the Montesa, which was the barony of Castielfabib, consisting of the territory of Ademuz corner. In 1390, there was a dispute between the Order of Montesa and the bishopric of religious intervention in the village, requiring the intervention of the Pope to solve it. As a royal town, Castielfabib trustee periodically sent to the Generalitat Valenciana, the Valencian Parliament.

The township has remained virtually unchanged since medieval times and since then has only been a municipality at the expense of the territory of Castielfabib: Torrebaja, tiny Lordship already in the Middle Ages.

During the War of Independence Castielfabib was occupied by the French. The Carlist entered into 1835 and rebuilt the castle, later demolished to be won back by government forces.

Demographics[edit]

Demographical evolution of Castielfabib since 1842
Source: Instituto Nacional de Estadística

Economy[edit]

The economy is traditionally based on agriculture and livestock. On the banks of rivers for irrigated land is producing apples, pears, vegetables and cereals. In the rain-fed area cereal is frown and also vine. The sheep is the most important, followed by pork and goat. There are a number of hives.

Currently has a youth hostel, with room service and swimming pool, the entrance to the town from the road N-420, and the Tourism Office of the Rincón de Ademuz located in the place of "Los Centenares" of Castielfabib, along with rural tourism complex.

Festivals and traditions[edit]

  • Patron festivities from 7 to September 11 dedicated to the Our Lady of Grace.
  • The pattern is Castielfabib San Guillermo (10 February).
  • Easter, is the most traditional of the municipality. Events occur as the bringing of two poplars from the banks of the river to the place (Friday), it is planted in the square (Holy Saturday), the popular dance on Saturday night, the singing of the "Aurora" in the houses of the "Mayoral" and "Mayoralesas" in the early hours of Sunday and the "courtesy" of Easter morning with the traditional human Turning the Bell.

Food[edit]

Castielfabib shares with the other towns of Rincon de Ademuz various dishes such as porridge,thepotand others in the pork and its derivatives are the protagonists.

The almond and apple and other fruits grown in the fertile plain of the River Ebrón are irreplaceable ingredient in the local bakery.

In recent times it is promoting other local products such as mushrooms and tomatoes. These products have their respective culinary held in the resort'shundredsthroughout the year.

Prominent[edit]

  • Francisco Novella (Castielfabib, 1581-Valencia, 1645). He was Professor of Rhetoric at the University of Valencia and wrote some books.
  • Antonio Diaz Tortajada (Castielfabib, 1947). Journalist and writer.

Cultural associations[edit]

Since March 2011, Castielfabib has an Astronomical Association established by amateur astronomer from the "Circolo Astrofili Bergamaschi (Italy) Carlos García Villalba, with the aim of bringing this science to the general public taking advantage of the exceptional conditions for viewing the sky.