Instituto Nacional de Estadística (Spain)
|Instituto Nacional de Estadística|
INE headquarters, Madrid.
|Formed||November 3, 1856|
|Jurisdiction||Government of Spain|
|Headquarters||Paseo de la Castellana, 183|
The National Statistics Institute (Spanish: Instituto Nacional de Estadística, INE) is the official agency in Spain that collects statistics about demography, economy, and Spanish society. It is an autonomous organization in Spain responsible for overall coordination of statistical services of the General State Administration in monitoring, control and supervision of technical procedures. Every 10 years, this organisation conducts a national census. The last census took place in 2011.
Through the official website one can follow all the updates of different fields of study.
First agency and evolution
The oldest statistics agency of Spain and the predecessor of the current agency was the General Statistics Commission of the Kingdom, created on November 3, 1856 during the reign of Isabella II. The so-then Prime Minister Narváez approved a decree creating this body and ordering that people with recognized ability in this matter were part of it.
On May 1, 1861, the Commission change its name to General Statistics Board and their first work was to do a population census.
By a decree of September 12, 1870, Prime Minister Serrano created the Geographic Institute and in 1873 this Institute change its name to Geographic and Statistic Institute assuming the competences of the General Statistics Board. In 1890, the titularity of the agency was transferred from the Prime Minister's Office to the Ministry of Development.
Between 1921 and 1939, change its name many times. In the same way, the agency was transferred from a ministry to another, passing through the Deputy Prime Minister's Office, the Ministry of the Presidency and the Ministry of Labour.
National Statistics Institute
The National Statistics Institute was created following the Law of December 31, 1945, published in the BOE of January 3, 1946, with a mission to develop and refine the demographic, economic and social statistics already existing, creating new statistics and coordination with the statistical offices of provincial and municipal areas.
At the end of 1964 the first computer was installed at the INE. It was a first-generation IBM 1401, for which a team was formed consisting of four statistics faculty and ten technicians. In the four years following it was possible that said computer would operate at its full capacity.
- "Royal decree creating a commission that deals with the formation of the general statistics of the kingdom, embracing all branches of the public administration of the State" (PDF). Gaceta de Madrid (in Spanish) (1402). 5 November 1856. Retrieved 3 February 2019 – via Boletín Oficial del Estado.
- "Royal decree reorganizing the General Statistics Commission of the Kingdom" (PDF). Gaceta de Madrid (in Spanish) (121). 1 May 1861. Retrieved 3 February 2019 – via Boletín Oficial del Estado.