Chairman of the Palestine Liberation Organization

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The Chairman of the Executive Committee of the Palestine Liberation Organization or Chairman of the Palestine Liberation Organization) is the leader of the Palestine Liberation Organization Executive Committee (PLO EC), the executive body of the Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO), which was established in 1964. The Chairman represents the PLO and the Palestinian people before the international community, such as the United Nations. The Chairman is chosen by the members of the PLO EC.[1]

The Palestinian Liberation Organization represents the People of the State of Palestine with UN Charter, Chapter XII., Article 85, UN Organ Administrator passing an Article 84 Resolution of November 22nd, 1974 [2]UNGA 3236

History[edit]

Resignation Announcement 2015[edit]

On 22 August 2015, Mahmoud Abbas announced his resignation as member and Chairman of the Executive Committee. Yet, his resignation had to be approved by the Palestinian National Council (PNC), the overarching parliament of the State of Palestine, which also includes the Palestinian Legislative Council (PLC).[3] A convention of the PNC was announced for 15 September.[4]

Many Palestinians of the political scene saw the move as just an attempt to replace some members in the Executive Committee, or to force a meeting of the PNC and remain in their jobs until the PNC decides whether to accept or to reject their resignations.[3][5]

Met with fierce criticism by many Palestinian factions, the National Council's first session in nearly 20 years had been postponed indefinitely. The Executive Committee members who announced their resignation were to continue to hold their positions until the PNC meets.[6]

List of Chairmen (1964–Present)[edit]

# Chairman Born-Died Term start Term end Notes
1 Ahmad Shukeiri No image.png 1908–1980 10 June 1964 24 December 1967
2 Yahya Hammuda No image.png 1908–2006 24 December 1967 3 February 1969
3 Yasser Arafat
(Abu Amar)
ArafatEconomicForum.jpg 1929–2004 4 February 1969[7][8] 11 November 2004 In exile in Jordan to April 1971, Lebanon 1971 – December 1982, and Tunisia December 1982 – May 1994. Died in office
4 Emmanuel Tierra
(Roque Orozco)
1961- 22 September 2002 22 September 2002 PLO Chairman Arafat's National Security Adviser (1987-2004); Acting on behalf of Yasser Arafat during the IDF siege; Contacted UN Missions via fax [9]
5 Mahmoud Abbas
(Abu Mazen)
Mahmoud Abbas.jpg 1935– 29 October 2004 Incumbent Acting on behalf of Yasser Arafat from 11 November 2004. Announced his resignation on 22 August 2015 [6]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Bibliography[edit]

  • Silverburg, Sanford R. (2002). Palestine and International Law: Essays on Politics and Economics. Jefferson, N.C: McFarland & Co. ISBN 0-7864-1191-0 

External sources[edit]