|Released||August 24, 1982|
|Recorded||October 1981 and June 1982|
|Studio||Drive-In Studios, Winston-Salem, North Carolina, United States|
|Producer||Mitch Easter and R.E.M.|
Chronic Town is the debut EP by American alternative rock band R.E.M., released on August 24, 1982 on I.R.S. Records. Chronic Town is the first illustration of R.E.M.'s signature musical style: jangling guitars, chords played in arpeggio, murmured vocals, and obscure lyrics.
Background and recording
After the minor success of the group's debut single "Radio Free Europe" in 1981, R.E.M. manager Jefferson Holt felt the band was ready to record a longer release. While he felt they were not ready to record a full album, Holt figured an EP would be satisfactory. The band was uncertain at first if they would record with producer Mitch Easter (who had produced "Radio Free Europe"), but Easter managed to convince Holt and the band to let him produce it.
In October 1981, R.E.M. spent a weekend at Easter's Drive-In Studios recording the EP. Easter was a fan of the Krautrock band Kraftwerk, which inspired him to try various sonic experiments while recording. Easter incorporated tape loops and recorded singer Michael Stipe singing outdoors. The band was open to such experimentation and used the sessions as an opportunity to learn how to use a studio.
R.E.M. intended to release the EP on a proposed independent record label named Dasht Hopes run by Holt and his business partner David Healy. However, the band's demo had caught the attention of I.R.S. Records. The label signed the group to a record deal, working the band out of its contracts with Healy and Hib-Tone, the indie label which released "Radio Free Europe". I.R.S. heads Jay Boberg and Miles Copeland III felt the proposed track listing was weakened by the song "Ages of You", and felt "Wolves, Lower" was a better choice. However, the pair felt the original take of the song was too fast. The band re-recorded "Wolves, Lower" with Easter in June 1982 in a quick recording session.
I.R.S. released Chronic Town in August 1982 as its first American release. Reaction to the EP varied; one I.R.S. radio promoter said that many of his contacts at campus radio didn't know what to make of the record, but added, "The Georgia stations and some of the more together college stations across the country jumped on it." The band filmed its first music video for "Wolves, Lower" to promote the record. The EP sold 20,000 copies in its first year.
NME reviewer Richard Grabel wrote, "Chronic Town is five songs that spring to life full of immediacy and action and healthy impatience. Songs that won't be denied." Grabel praised the songs' auras of mystery, and concluded, "R.E.M. ring true, and it's great to hear something as unforced and cunning as this." Creem writer Robot A. Hull began his review saying, "This EP is so arcane that I had to play it six times in a row to get a handle on it – and even now, I'm still not sure." Hull praised the EP for "[evoking] the music of the late-'60s without any pretensions, mingling past and present to shape both into concurrent moments." Hull concluded, "Despite its eccentricity, R.E.M.'s record is undoubtedly the sleeper EP of the year."
For Record Store Day 2010, held on April 17 of that year, participating independent record stores sold a limited-edition and individually-numbered blue vinyl 12" reissue of the long-out of print EP.
Side one – "Chronic Town"
- "Wolves, Lower" – 4:10
- "Gardening at Night" – 3:29
- "Carnival of Sorts (Box Cars)" – 3:54
Side two – "Poster Torn"
- "1,000,000" – 3:06
- "Stumble" – 5:40
- On the original vinyl release, R.E.M. labeled the A (or first) side (tracks 1–3) as the "Chronic Town" side and the B (or second) side (tracks 4 and 5) as the "Poster Torn" side. Both are lyrics in the band's song "Carnival of Sorts (Box Cars)". The sides are listed in opposite order on the back which suggests that the sides were switched at some point.
- Bill Berry – drums, vocals
- Peter Buck – guitar
- Mike Mills – bass guitar, vocals
- Michael Stipe – vocals
- Greg Calbi – mastering at Sterling Sound, New York City, New York, United States
- Mitch Easter – production, engineering
- Kako .n. – graphics
- Curtis Knapp – cover photography
- R. A. Miller – artwork
- R.E.M. – production
- Ron Scarselli – design
The EP was added to the CD edition of the band's rarities compilation album, Dead Letter Office (1987), its only current source of availability on CD. It is, however, available in LP and cassette formats. It was also bundled together with Murmur and Reckoning in the United Kingdom as The Originals in 1995.
|United States||August 24, 1982||I.R.S.||EP||44797-0502-1|
Dead Letter Office
|United Kingdom||April 27, 1987||I.R.S.||LP||44797-0054-1|
|United States||April 28, 1987||I.R.S.||CD||70054|
|The Netherlands||1993||EMI||CD||0777 7 13199 2 1†|
Note †I.R.S. Vintage Years edition, with bonus tracks
|United Kingdom||1995||I.R.S./EMI||CD box set||7243 8 35088 2 2|
- Erlewine, Stephen. "Chronic Town - R.E.M." AllMusic. Retrieved 2012-02-09.
- "Cg: R.E.M". Robert Christgau. Retrieved 2012-02-09.
- Buckey, p. 58
- Buckley, p. 59
- Buckley, p. 60
- Platt, John. "R.E.M." Bucketfull of Brains. December 1984.
- Buckley, p. 61–62
- Buckley, p. 65
- Black, p. 64
- Buckley, p. 66–67
- Black, p. 65
- Grabel, Richard. "Nightmare Town". NME. December 11, 1982.
- Hull, Robot A. "R.E.M.: Chronic Town." Creem. January 1983.
- Christgau, Robert. "The 1982 Pazz & Jop Critics Poll". Village Voice. February 22, 1983. Retrieved on March 18, 2008.
- "R.E.M.Hq: News". REMhq.com. 2010-11-27. Archived from the original on 2010-11-27. Retrieved 2012-06-20.
- Black, Johnny (June 1, 2004), Reveal: The Story of R.E.M. (Paperback)
|url=(help) (First ed.), Backbeat, ISBN 0-87930-776-5
- Buckley, David (October 2002), R.E.M.: Fiction: An Alternative Biography (Hardback)
|url=(help) (First ed.), Virgin, ISBN 1-85227-927-3