Committee of the German Baltic Parties

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The Committee of the German-Baltic Parties (German: Ausschuß der Deutschbaltischen Parteien, ADP) was an alliance of Baltic German political parties in Latvia during the inter-war period. Its members included the German-Baltic Democratic Party, the German-Baltic Progressive Party, the German-Baltic Reform Party, the German-Baltic People's Party, the German-Baltic Integration Party, the German-Baltic State Party and the Voters Association of Mitau.

History[edit]

The alliance was established in early 1920 as a successor to the National Committee.[1] won six seats in the 1920 Constitutional Assembly elections.[2] It retained its six seats in the 1st Saeima after the 1922 elections, but was reduced to four seats in the 1925 elections. The alliance returned to its six-seat strength in the 3rd Saeima as a result of the 1928 elections. Following the 1931 elections (the last multi-party elections in Latvia until 1990), they had five seats in the 4th Saeima.

Members of the Saeima[edit]

Body Years Member Party Notes
Constitutional Assembly 1920–1922 Wilhelm von Fircks German-Baltic People's Party
Peter Kluge German-Baltic Progressive Party
Egon Knopp German-Baltic Integration Party
Edwin Magnus German-Baltic Reform Party
Arthur Reusner German-Baltic People's Party
Paul Schiemann German-Baltic Democratic Party Alliance leader
First Saiema 1922–1925 Wilhelm von Fircks German-Baltic People's Party
John Karl Hahn German-Baltic Integration Party
Karl Keller German-Baltic Democratic Party
Egon Knopp German-Baltic Integration Party
Paul Schiemann German-Baltic Democratic Party Leader
Manfred von Vegesack German-Baltic Reform Party
Second Saeima 1925–1928 Alfred Alsleben International Homeowners
Wilhelm von Fircks German-Baltic People's Party
John Karl Hahn German-Baltic Integration Party
Karl Keller German-Baltic Democratic Party
Paul Schiemann German-Baltic Democratic Party Leader
Third Saeima 1928–1931 Wilhelm von Fircks German-Baltic People's Party Alliance leader from 10 March 1931
John Karl Hahn German-Baltic Integration Party
Woldemar Pussoll German-Baltic People's Party
Paul Schiemann German-Baltic Democratic Party Leader until 10 March 1931, when he gave up his seat
Lothar Schoeler German-Baltic Reform Party
Walter Sadowski German-Baltic Democratic Party Replaced Paul Schiemann on 10 March 1931
Werner Westermann Voters Association of Mitau
Fourth Saeima 1931–1934 Wilhelm von Fircks German-Baltic People's Party Resigned on 18 October 1933
John Karl Hahn German-Baltic Integration Party
Karl Keller German-Baltic Democratic Party Replaced Wilhelm von Fircks on 18 October 1933
Woldemar Pussoll German-Baltic People's Party
Paul Schiemann German-Baltic Democratic Party Leader until 19 October 1933, when he gave up his seat
Lothar Schoeler German-Baltic Reform Party Leader from 19 October 1933
Helmuth Stegmann German-Baltic State Party Replaced Paul Schiemann on 19 October 1933
Werner Westermann Voters Association of Mitau

References[edit]

  1. ^ John Hiden (2002) The Baltic States and Weimar Ostpolitik, Cambridge University Press, p59
  2. ^ Dieter Nohlen & Philip Stöver (2010) Elections in Europe: A data handbook, p1137 ISBN 978-3-8329-5609-7