Coolham

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Coolham
Selsey Arms, Coolham, West Sussex 02.jpg
Selsey Arms, Coolham
Coolham is located in West Sussex
Coolham
Coolham
Location within West Sussex
OS grid referenceTQ120227
Civil parish
District
Shire county
Region
CountryEngland
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Post townHorsham
Postcode districtRH13 8
PoliceSussex
FireWest Sussex
AmbulanceSouth East Coast
EU ParliamentSouth East England
UK Parliament
List of places
UK
England
West Sussex
50°59′36″N 0°24′19″W / 50.99322°N 0.4052°W / 50.99322; -0.4052Coordinates: 50°59′36″N 0°24′19″W / 50.99322°N 0.4052°W / 50.99322; -0.4052

Coolham is a hamlet in the civil parish of Shipley and the Horsham District of West Sussex, England. It is located at the crossroads of the A272 and B2139 roads 2.8 miles (4.6 km) southeast of Billingshurst

At the crossroads is an old timber-framed inn, the Selsey Arms, formerly the Duke's Head, and before that The King of Prussia.[citation needed]

During World War II there was an Advanced Landing Ground nearby, used to support the D-Day landings.[1][2] This was only in use for about eighteen months, and had almost no permanent buildings. The airmen lived under canvas.[citation needed] Both Polish and British airmen were stationed there, and there is a monument outside the Selsey Arms which lists the names of those who died.[citation needed] The land has long since been reclaimed for agricultural purposes, but there is still a footpath around the field, with trees planted at intervals to commemorate the dead airmen. Each tree has a name plaque attached.[citation needed]

There was once a prominent Quaker community in Coolham, and the "Blue Idol" meeting house, a timber-framed building, still exists. William Penn, who earlier had founded Pennsylvania in the USA, was closely involved in its establishment, and is believed[by whom?] to have worshipped there. The local junior school was founded as the Coolham British School (later Coolham Primary School) in 1889 by the Quakers. In the mid-twentieth century it moved to its present site, where it is known as the William Penn Primary School.[citation needed]

Coolham is in the ancient parish of Shipley, which adjoins the A24, near the ruin of Knepp Castle. The castle dates back to medieval times,[when?] and is said[by whom?] to have been a hunting lodge for King John at one time. The site of the parish church of St Mary the Virgin, Shipley, dates back to the Knights Templar, and close by is Shipley Windmill, which was once owned by the Sussex writer Hilaire Belloc during the first half of the twentieth century.[citation needed] The windmill was featured as the home of Jonathan Creek in a TV series that ran on UK television from the late 1990s.[citation needed]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Birmingham Daily Gazette 1945 Retrieved 15 February 2018
  2. ^ Winnipeg Free Press 1993 Retrieved 15 February 2018

External links[edit]

Media related to Coolham at Wikimedia Commons