Costa Rican general election, 1953
Provinces won by Figueres
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General elections were held in Costa Rica on 26 July 1953. José Figueres Ferrer of the National Liberation Party won the presidential election, whilst his party also won the parliamentary election. Voter turnout was 67.2% in the presidential election and 67.5% in the parliamentary election.
José Figueres, the caudillo of the victorious National Liberation Army faction in the Civil War was candidate by the newly founded National Liberation Party (PLN). Liberal Mario Echandi tried to be candidate from then in-government National Union Party (PUN) but his candidacy was denied by the Electoral Tribunal arguing irregularities in the adherents’ signatures. This move was highly criticized by Figueres’ opponents as an action in favor of Figueres’ candidacy.
As PUN was unable to participate, the only other candidacy alternate to Figueres’ was made by the Democratic Party that nominated wealthy industrial Fernando Castro Cervantes. The three parties; PLN, PUN and Democratic were all formerly united in opposition against Rafael Angel Calderón and allies governments in the 1940s that caused the civil war. Yet, after the war, their loyalties broke away.
The losing sides in the civil war, mostly the Republicans (Calderón supporters) and the Communists were unable to participate as their parties were disbanded (in the case of the Communist Party was constitutionally outlawed). But the Republicans were allowed to participate in the legislative ballot with a provincial party in San José call “Independent” Republican Party and earned some seats. As expected Figueres won by a landslide victory.
|José Figueres Ferrer||National Liberation Party||123,444||64.7|
|Fernando Castro Cervantes||Democratic Party||67,324||35.3|
|National Liberation Party||114,043||64.7||30|
|Independent National Republican Party||12,696||7.2||3|
|National Union Party||12,069||6.9||1|