Costa Rican general election, 2014

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Costa Rican general election, 2014
Costa Rica
2010 ←
February 2, 2014 (2014-02-02) (first round)
April 6, 2014 (2014-04-06) (second round)
→ 2018

  Luis Guillermo Solís, Costa Rica 03.JPG Antonio Álvarez asume Jefatura de campaña presidencial de Johnny Araya en setiembre de 2012 cropped.jpg
Nominee Luis Guillermo Solís Johnny Araya
Party Citizens' Action National Liberation
Home state San José Alajuela
Running mate Helio Fallas and Ana Helena Chacón Jorge Pattoni and Silvia Lara
Popular vote 1,314,327 374,844
Percentage 77.81% 22.19%

Resultados electorales por provincia 2014.png

In yellow provinces won by Solís, in green provinces won by Araya in both rounds

President before election

Laura Chinchilla
National Liberation

President-elect

Luis Guillermo Solís
Citizens' Action

Coat of arms of Costa Rica.svg
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Costa Rica

Costa Rica held parliamentary and presidential elections on Sunday, 2 February 2014 to elect a new president, two vice presidents, and 57 Legislative Assembly lawmakers.[1] Voting is compulsory in Costa Rica, nevertheless abstentionism was 35 percent in 2006 and 32 percent in 2010.[2] In accordance with Article 132 of the Constitution, the incumbent President, Laura Chinchilla Miranda, was ineligible to run for a second consecutive term.[3]

The ruling party before the election, the centrist National Liberation Party, put forward San José Mayor Johnny Araya Monge as its presidential candidate. The Libertarian Movement party nominated former legislator Otto Guevara Guth. The leftist Broad Front nominated José María Villalta Florez-Estrada. The center-left Citizens' Action Party nominated Luis Guillermo Solís Rivera.

Opinion polls in December 2013 showed Araya ahead with 37 percent, Villalta close behind at 32 percent, Guevara at 15 percent, and Solís trailing at eight percent, suggesting the likelihood of a run-off vote in February.[4][5] Villalta's strong showing in the polls caused concern among Araya supporters and business leaders in Costa Rica. La Nacion, Costa Rica's most important newspaper and a historical ally of Liberacion Nacional, began a concerted series of attacks against Villalta, comparing him to Venezuela's Hugo Chavez. Political experts later concluded that this focus on Villalta helped Luis Guillermo Solis in the election. [6]

In the presidential election, Solís and Araya came first and second, respectively, with neither candidate reaching 40 percent of the valid poll in the first round of voting, so a second round of voting was held from 6am to 6pm on 6 April, the first run-off election since 2002.[4][7]

In a surprise move, Araya announced on 6 March that he would abandon his campaign for the run-off election. He stated that after weighing his chances it was only sensible to withdraw from the campaign. Recent polls had indicated that he was trailing badly behind Solís and he believed that spending money on campaigning was not prudent. Although Araya's action effectively handed the presidency to Solís, the run-off still had to take place since Costa Rican law does not allow for a candidate to withdraw from a run-off election.[8] Ultimately, Solís won the second round with 78 percent of the vote, a historic high in Costa Rica.[9][10] Unlike the first round, Solís won a majority in every province.[11]

Presidential candidates[edit]

Citizens' Action Party
Luis Guillermo Solís Helio Fallas Ana Helena Chacón
for President for 1st Vice President for 2nd Vice President
Luis Guillermo Solís, Costa Rica 03.JPG
Helio Fallas Venegas.jpg
A D 1164 25 A.JPG
Foreign Ministry's Chief of Staff
(1986-1990)
Ambassador of Central American Affairs
(1994-1998)
Minister of Planning
(1990-1994)
Minister of Housing
(2002-2006)
Vice Minister of Public Safety
(2002-2006)
Deputy
(2006-2010)
National Liberation Party
Johnny Araya Jorge Pattoni Silvia Lara
for President for 1st Vice President for 2nd Vice President
Antonio Álvarez asume Jefatura de campaña presidencial de Johnny Araya en setiembre de 2012 cropped.jpg
San José Mayor
(1998- )
Dos Pino's General Manager
(1992-2013)
Executive President of Joint Social Welfare Institute
(2002-2006)

Other presidential candidates[edit]

Candidates included in this section have received more than 2% support in popular vote.
José María Vilalta Otto Guevara Rodolfo Piza José Miguel Corrales
Frente Amplio (Costa Rica) - Asamblea Provincial en Quesada 24 cropped.png
Otto Guevara.jpg
Photo of Mr. Rodolfo Piza and company in PUSC cropped.png
A Costa Rican Renovation spot at Quesada during general election, 2014 cropped.jpg
Deputy
(2010–2014)
Deputy
(1998–2002)
Executive President of Costa Rican Department of Social Security
(1998–2002)
Deputy
(2002–2006)
Broad Front Libertarian Movement Social Christian Unity Party New Homeland Party

Minor candidates[edit]

Less than 2% of popular support:

Opinion polls[edit]

If no candidate surmounts the 40% threshold, the two candidates who would qualify for the runoff are marked. No poll accurately predicted the first or second round voting results.

Date Pollster

Johnny Araya
(PLN)

Otto Guevara
(ML)

Rodolfo Piza
(R. Hernández before October 2013)
(PUSC)

L.G. Solís
(PAC)

J.M. Villalta
(FA)

Others

Aug 2013 Borge y Asociados[12] 52% 9.7% 23% 8.2% 3.5%
Aug 2013 CIEP[13] 20.2% 1.4% 12.4% 4.1% 4.5%
Sep 2013 Unimer[14] 27.5% 9.7% 10.6% 4.4% 19% 26%
Oct 2013 CIEP[15] 24% 9.9% 3% 4% 9.7% 1.3%
Nov 2013 Borge y Asociados[16] 26% 16% 4% 4% 19% 26%
Nov 2013 Cid Gallup[17] 45% 15% 8% 10% 21%
Dec 2013 Unimer[5] 19% 19% 5% 8% 22% 11%
Dec 2013 CIEP[18] 17% 10% 3% 5% 15% 1%
Dec 2013 Cid Gallup[19] 37% 15% 5% 9% 32%
14 Jan 2014 Cid Gallup[20] 39% 18% 5% 7% 26%
16 Jan 2014 Unimer[21] 20.3% 20.2% 3.6% 5.4% 22.2% 5.8%
21 Jan 2014 CIEP[22] 20.4% 11.2% 3.1% 9.5% 15.3% 4.6%
28 Jan 2014 Cid Gallup[23] 35.6% 17.6% 6.5% 15.6% 21% 3.8%
28 Jan 2014 CIEP[24] 17.4% 7.3% 3.4% 11.6% 14.4%

Results[edit]

President[edit]

Luis Guillermo Solís giving his first speech as president-elect of Costa Rica after the second-round of the presidential elections

The results of the first-round final count were declared on 17 February 2014,[25] with the results of the second-round eighth count being declared on 7 April 2014:[26]

Candidate Party First round Second round
Votes % Votes %
Luis Guillermo Solís Citizens' Action Party 629,866 30.64 1,314,327 77.81
Johnny Araya Monge National Liberation Party 610,634 29.71 374,844 22.19
José María Villalta Florez-Estrada Broad Front 354,479 17.25
Otto Guevara Libertarian Movement 233,064 11.34
Rodolfo Piza Social Christian Unity Party 123,653 6.02
José Miguel Corrales Bolaños New Fatherland Party 30,816 1.50
Carlos Avendaño National Restoration Party 27,691 1.35
Justo Orozco Costa Rican Renovation Party 16,721 0.81
Óscar López Accessibility without Exclusion 10,339 0.50
Sergio Mena New Generation Party 5,882 0.29
Héctor Monestel Workers' Party 4,897 0.24
José Echand National Advance Party 4,388 0.21
Walter Muñozi National Integration Party 3,042 0.15
Votes cast 2,099,219 1,712,679
Blank and null votes 43,747 23,508 1.37
Valid votes 2,055,472 100 1,689,171 100
Registered voters/turnout 3,065,667 68.19 56.63

Legislative Assembly[edit]

Although Solís' PAC received the most votes in the presidential elections,[27] the party did not won in the parliamentary voting making PLN the largest party in the Assembly with 18 deputies over PAC's 13.[28]

Leftist party Broad Front surprised with its results, achieving 9 seats,[29] first time ever that the Left achieves such a big number.[28] Social Christian Unity Party recover part of its former influence[29] turning into the fourth political party in legislative size even when its candidate Rodolfo Piza was the fifth in presidential vote.[30] The opposite happened to Otto Guevara’s right-wing Libertarian Movement,[29] fourth in presidential votes[30] but fifth in legislative and reducing drastically it number of deputies from 9 to 4.[29][28] Oscar Lopez’s PASE party also suffer a diminishment in deputies from 4 to 1 (Lopez himself).[29] [31]

Three Christian parties oriented toward the Protestant minority[32] and very socially conservative also achieve deputies; Costa Rican Renovation Party 2, National Restoration 1 and Christian Democratic Alliance 1. [31]

Party Votes % Seats +/–
National Liberation Party 432,772 25.54 18 Decrease6
Citizens' Action Party 403,845 23.84 13 Increase2
Broad Front 221,780 13.09 9 Increase8
Social Christian Unity Party 169,675 10.01 8 Increase2
Libertarian Movement 134,235 7.92 4 Decrease5
National Restoration Party 69,712 4.11 1 Steady
Costa Rican Renovation Party 67,315 3.97 2 Increase1
Accessibility without Exclusion 66,953 3.95 1 Decrease3
New Homeland Party 35,019 2.07 0 New
New Generation Party 21,113 1.25 0 New
Christian Democratic Alliance 19,547 1.15 1 New
National Advance Party 14,932 0.88 0 New
Workers' Party 10,723 0.63 0 New
National Integration Party 10,020 0.59 0 Steady
Transportistas Party 5,000 0.30 0 New
Patriotic Alliance 4,085 0.24 0 Steady
Viva Puntarenas 3,427 0.20 0 New
Green Party 1,771 0.10 0 New
Homeland, Equality and Democracy 1,036 0.06 0 New
Homeland, Equality and Democracy of Puntarenas 968 0.06 0 New
New Socialist Party 282 0.02 0 New
Blank and null votes 38,424
Total 1,734,047 100 57 0
Registered voters/turnout 3,065,667 56.56
Source: TSE

Candidates elected[edit]

Fifty-seven legislators were elected and took office on 1 May 2014, eleven of whom had been members of the Legislative Assembly in the past. Five were from the National Liberation Party: Antonio Álvarez Desanti, Juan Luis Jiménez, Olivier Jiménez, Rolando González, and Sandra Piszk. Two were from the Citizen Action Party: Epsy Campbell and Ottón Solís. Mario Redondo of the Christian Democratic Alliance served previously with the Social Christian Unity Party. The others were Otto Guevara of the Libertarian Movement Party, Oscar López of Accessibility Without Exclusion, and Jorge Rodríguez of the Social Christian Unity Party.[33] The full list is as follows:[34]

Province Cédula Candidate Party
San José 104300205 Ottón Solís Fallas PAC
San José 106070983 Epsy Campbell Barr PAC
San José 104990698 Víctor Hugo Morales Zapata PAC
San José 108460152 Marcela Guerrero Campos PAC
San José 601780481 Ruperto Marvin Atencio Delgado PAC
San José 104890842 Antonio Álvarez Desanti PLN
San José 103570156 Sara Ángela Piszk Feinzilber PLN
San José 400850902 Carlos Manuel Arguedas Ramírez PLN
San José 700490709 Maureen Cecilia Clarke Clarke PLN
San José 202751177 Juan Luis Jiménez Succar PLN
San José 104710261 Ana Patricia Mora Castellanos FA
San José 104110109 Jorge Arturo Arguedas Mora FA
San José 105270922 Humberto Vargas Corrales PUSC
San José 106730022 Rosibel Ramos Madrigal PUSC
San José 105440893 Otto Guevara Guth PML
San José 112260846 Natalia Díaz Quintana PML
San José 108820284 Gerardo Fabricio Alvarado Muñoz PRN
San José 107890915 Óscar Andrés López Arias PASE
San José 108910592 Gonzalo Alberto Ramírez Zamora PRC
Alajuela 202740540 Rolando González Ulloa PLN
Alajuela 202700539 Aracelli Segura Retana PLN
Alajuela 109780035 Michael Jake Arce Sancho PLN
Alajuela 206470280 Silvia Vanessa Sánchez Venegas PLN
Alajuela 204060127 Javier Francisco Cambronero Arguedas PAC
Alajuela 900500822 Nidia María Jiménez Vásquez PAC
Alajuela 110350156 Franklin Corella Vargas PAC
Alajuela 204830663 Edgardo Vinicio Araya Sibaja FA
Alajuela 203440441 Ligia Elena Fallas Rodríguez FA
Alajuela 104410073 Rafael Ángel Ortiz Fábrega PUSC
Alajuela 106730801 José Alberto Alfaro Jiménez PML
Cartago 302880372 Paulina María Ramírez Portuguez PLN
Cartago 302350106 Julio Antonio Rojas Astorga PLN
Cartago 104110201 Emilia Molina Cruz PAC
Cartago 106670558 Marco Vinicio Redondo Quirós PAC
Cartago 302990664 José Francisco Camacho Leiva FA
Cartago 301940611 Jorge Rodríguez Araya PUSC
Cartago 105890526 Mario Redondo Poveda ADC
Heredia 105120548 Henry Mora Jiménez PAC
Heredia 204740785 Marlene Madrigal Flores PAC
Heredia 108490121 Rony Monge Salas PLN
Heredia 401300696 Lorelly Trejos Salas PLN
Heredia 401470385 José Antonio Ramírez Aguilar FA
Heredia 401300350 William Alvarado Bogantes PUSC
Guanacaste 106070406 Juan Rafael Marín Quirós PLN
Guanacaste 501880832 Marta Arabela Arauz Mora PLN
Guanacaste 204240362 Ronal Vargas Araya FA
Guanacaste 502950673 Johnny Leiva Badilla PUSC
Puntarenas 503090116 Karla Vanessa Prendas Matarrita PLN
Puntarenas 202820663 Olivier Ibo Jiménez Rojas PLN
Puntarenas 110230742 Gerardo Vargas Rojas PUSC
Puntarenas 502560320 Carlos Enrique Hernández Álvarez FA
Puntarenas 104160452 Laura María Garro Sánchez PAC
Limón 900840835 Danny Hayling Carcache PLN
Limón 302420343 Gerardo Vargas Varela FA
Limón 502170327 Abelino Esquivel Quesada PRC
Limón 107880624 Luis Alberto Vásquez Castro PUSC
Limón 303050502 Carmen Quesada Santamaría PML

References[edit]

  1. ^ Costa Rica's 2014 election season is officially open The Tico Times, 2013-10-02.
  2. ^ Costa Rica: Losing Faith in Democratic Institutions? Center for Latin American and Latino Studies, American University, 2013-11-11.
  3. ^ Constitución Política de la República de Costa Rica Archived February 7, 2013, at the Wayback Machine. Asamblea Legislativa de Costa Rica. Retrieved: 2013-12-28. (Spanish)
  4. ^ a b Newest poll shows Araya and Villalta heading for a runoff election The Tico Times, 2013-12-18.
  5. ^ a b Encuesta de Unimer: Costa Rica sin favorito a dos meses de elecciones La Nación, 2013-12-01. (Spanish)
  6. ^ Frajman, Eduardo "The General Election in Costa Rica, February/April 2014" Electoral Studies, Vol. 35, 2014, pp. 61-66
  7. ^ Supreme Elections Tribunal begins manual recount of presidential votes The Tico Times, 2014-02-04.
  8. ^ Costa Rica government's presidential candidate withdraws BBC World News, 2014-03-06.
  9. ^ Live Costa Rica presidential election results The Tico Times, 2014-04-06.
  10. ^ "Mapa de Resultados Elecciones Costa Rica Abril 2014" [Costa Rican Map of April 2014 Electoral Results]. RESULTADOS ELECTORALES EN MAPA SEGUNDA RONDA ELECTORAL (in Spanish). San José: La Nación. Retrieved 7 April 2014. 
  11. ^ Bermúdez Aguilar, Andrés; Efrén López Madrigal (7 April 2014). "PAC ganó elecciones con más de un millón de votos" [PAC wins election with more than one million votes]. La Prensa Libre (Costa Rica) (in Spanish). San José. Retrieved 7 April 2014. 
  12. ^ http://new.diarioextra.com/Dnew/noticiaDetalle/137814
  13. ^ http://www.semanariouniversidad.ucr.cr/noticias/pais/11445-encuesta-del-ciep-para-universidad-oferta-de-candidatos-no-atrae-votantes.html
  14. ^ http://www.nacion.com/nacional/politica/Nueva-Unimer-Johnny-Araya-electoral_0_1368063225.html
  15. ^ http://www.teletica.com/Noticias/29705-Sondeo-de-la-UCR-Araya-firme-Villalta-y-Guevara-se-reparten-lo-que-dejo-el-doctor.note.aspx
  16. ^ http://www.diarioextra.com/Dnew/noticiaDetalle/217947
  17. ^ http://www.monumental.co.cr/noticia/johnny-araya-ganaria-elecciones-en-primera-ronda-segun-encuesta
  18. ^ http://www.semanariouniversidad.ucr.cr/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=12079&Itemid=70
  19. ^ https://www.larepublica.net/app/cms/www/index.php?pk_articulo=533309288
  20. ^ http://www.repretel.com/nueva-encuesta-anticipa-lucha-cerrada-por-la-presidencia-del-pa%C3%ADs
  21. ^ http://www.nacion.com/nacional/elecciones2014/Pais-indeciso-camina-segunda-electoral_0_1390860962.html
  22. ^ Encuesta del CIEP: Johnny Araya frena caída y toma leve ventaja, Semanario, 21 January 2014 
  23. ^ Cerrada lucha por la Presidencia entre cuatro candidatos, informa-TICO.com, 28 January 2014 
  24. ^ Nueva encuesta del CIEP: Indecisión crece a pocos días de las elecciones, Semanario, 28 January 2014 
  25. ^ Resultados Electorales: Total General Tribunal Supremo de Elecciones 2014-02-17. (Spanish)
  26. ^ Corte Número 8 Tribunal Supremo de Elecciones 2014-04-07. (Spanish)
  27. ^ Landsford, Tom. Political Handbook of the World 2014. Retrieved 13 March 2016. 
  28. ^ a b c "Asamblea Legislativa (Legislative Assembly)". IPU.org. Retrieved 13 March 2016. 
  29. ^ a b c d e Lehring, Gary (February 15, 2014). "Costa Rican legislative elections show growing voter dissatisfaction with traditional choices". The Tico Times. Retrieved 13 March 2016. 
  30. ^ a b "February 7, 2010 Presidential Election Results - Costa Rica Totals". Elections Resources. Retrieved 13 March 2016. 
  31. ^ a b "February 2, 2014 Legislative Assembly Election Results - Costa Rica Totals". Retrieved 13 March 2016. 
  32. ^ Lopez, Jaime (July 18, 2013). "Civic Groups Move Against Gay Marriage in Costa Rica". Costa Rica Star. Retrieved 13 March 2016. 
  33. ^ 11 lawmakers return to Costa Rica's Legislative Assembly for second term The Tico Times, 2014-05-01.
  34. ^ Declaratoria de elección de Diputados a la Asamblea Legislativa de la República de Costa Rica 2014-2018 Tribunal Supremo de Elecciones, 2014-03-03. (Spanish)