Epsy Campbell Barr

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Epsy Campbell Barr
First Vice-President of Costa Rica
In office
8 May 2018 – 8 May 2022
PresidentCarlos Alvarado
Preceded byHelio Fallas Venegas
Succeeded byStephan Brunner
Minister of Foreign Affairs
In office
8 May 2018 – 11 December 2018
PresidentCarlos Alvarado
Preceded byManuel González Sanz
Succeeded byLorena Aguilar Revelo (Acting)
Deputy of the Legislative Assembly of Costa Rica
In office
1 May 2014 – 30 April 2018
Preceded byViviana Martín Salazar
Succeeded bySilvia Hernández Sánchez
ConstituencySan José (2nd Office)
In office
1 May 2002 – 30 April 2006
Preceded bySonia Picado Sotela
Succeeded byAlberto Salom Echeverría
ConstituencySan José (9th Office)
Personal details
Born (1963-07-04) 4 July 1963 (age 60)
San José, Costa Rica
Political partyCitizens' Action Party
RelationsShirley Campbell Barr (sister)
ProfessionEconomist, human rights activist

Epsy Alejandra Campbell Barr (born 4 July 1963 in San José, Costa Rica) is a Costa Rican politician and economist who served as the Vice-president of Costa Rica from 8 May 2018 to 8 May 2022. She is the first woman of African descent to be vice president in Costa Rica and in Latin America.[1][2][3]

One of the founders of the Citizens' Action Party (PAC), she ran for president in 2010 and 2014, and was a deputy for San José Province in the Legislative Assembly from 2002 to 2006[4] and 2014 to 2018.[5]

Campbell was appointed as the Minister of Foreign Affairs, a position she held from May 8 to December 10, 2018.[6] Currently, she serves as the president of the United Nations Permanent Forum on People of African Descent[7] and is the founder of the Global Coalition Against Systemic Racism and for Reparations.[8]

Early life and education[edit]

Epsy Campbell attended secondary school at Liceo Franco Costarricense and graduated from Colegio Superior de Señoritas in 1980.[9][10] She holds higher education degrees in business administration, sociology, and political science from the University of Costa Rica,[11] economics from the Latin University of Costa Rica, a master's in Advanced Techniques of Management and Political Decision from the Gadex Program in Madrid, Spain,[12] and a master's in International Cooperation for Development from the Cultural and Social Studies Foundation in Madrid.[13] In 2021, she was awarded an honorary doctorate by the University of Brenau.[14]

Campbell is a researcher and human rights activist focusing on women's rights, indigenous peoples, Afro-descendants, human development, social inclusion, and the environment. She served as the coordinator of the Network of Afro-Latin American and Afro-Caribbean Women (1997-2001) and the coordinator of the Women's Forum for Central American Integration (1996-2001).[15] Additionally, she was a member of the Alliance of Afro-descendant Peoples of Latin America and the Caribbean, a founding member of the Center for Afro-Costa Rican Women, and a national and international consultant on employment, community and Afro-descendant women development, women's human rights, racism, sexism, and discrimination.[16] She is also a member of the Black Parliament of the Americas.[17]

In Costa Rica, Campbell played a key role in the approval of the Inter-American Convention against Racism, Racial Discrimination, and Related Forms of Intolerance (2016). She was part of the committee that prepared the "Regional Human Development Report (RHDR) for Latin America and the Caribbean: Multidimensional Progress" (2016), coordinated by the United Nations Development Program. She has directed over 15 international investigations and authored 20 publications on social inclusion.[18]


Campbell is a descendant of Jamaican migrants and carries the name of her grandmother, Epsy,[19] whom she considers her main life inspiration, as narrated in the book "Luchadoras" by the Inter-American Institute for Cooperation on Agriculture (IICA).[20] According to the publication, her early political battles were won within her own home, being part of a large family—five sisters and two brothers:

As far back as I can remember, the distribution of responsibilities at home seemed unfair to me. According to Mom, one of the first phrases I learned was 'It's not fair!' It's not fair that the sisters wash the dishes and they don't; it's not fair that while they only clean the yard, we have to help in the kitchen; it's not fair that we make the beds and they don't. It's not fair! It's not fair!

Her sister Sasha is a renowned singer, journalist, and presenter.[21] Her sister Shirley is an anthropologist, activist, and Afro-Costa Rican poet, author of the poem "Rotundamente negra", which has become a symbol for Afro-descendant women in Latin America.[22] Her sister Doris is a professional actress, dancer, and contemporary dance instructor at the National Dance Workshop,[23] while her other siblings—Narda, Luis, and Gustavo Campbell—have maintained more discreet profiles.

Campbell has been married since 2015 to Costa Rican entrepreneur Berny Venegas Durán.[24]


Epsy Campbell has been the head of the Center for Women of African Descent, the Alliance of Leaders of African descent in Latin America and the Caribbean, and the Black Parliament of the Americas. She has participated in several conferences and meetings around the world, such as the Fourth World Conference on Women in Beijing, China, the III World Conference Against Racism in Durban, South Africa, the World Conference on the Environment, Eco 92, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, and the First Encounter of Black Women of Latin America and the Caribbean, held in Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic. She was Coordinator of the Women's Forum for Central American Integration of the Network of Afro-Caribbean and Afro-Latin American Women and organizer of the Second Meeting of Afro-Caribbean and Afro-Latin American Women in San Jose, Costa Rica. Campbell is also member of the Washington D.C. based think tank The Inter-American Dialogue.[25] She has written books and articles on topics such as democracy, inclusion, political and economic participation of women, people of African descent, sexism and racism, among others. She is an expert on issues of social development, equity, political participation of women and African descent.

Political career[edit]

Campbell was a deputy of the Citizen Action Party for the 2002–2006 term, serving as leader from 2003 to 2006 and as the party's president from 2005 to 2009.[26]

After serving in the legislature for four years (2002–2006) and running for vice president in 2006, Campbell decided to seek the nomination of the PAC. She traveled the country in an RV, taking her anti-corruption and accountability message to PAC voters. Three other candidates vied to represent PAC in the 2014 national elections: Juan Carlos Mendoza, Luis Guillermo Solís, and Ronald Solís Bolaños. As of February 2013, she was the most popular opposition candidate; however, she bowed out of the race to Luis Guillermo Solís.[27] Solís became Costa Rica's president elect in March 2014.

In March 2014, Campbell won a deputy position in San Jose, Costa Rica as a PAC candidate.[28] When Solís became the de facto president elect, he mentioned that Campbell would be one of his choices for President of the Legislative Assembly,[29] although Henry Mora Jiménez became the President of the Legislative Assembly in May 2014.[30][31]


During her terms as a deputy, Campbell focused primarily on issues related to structural fiscal reform, emphasizing the progressivity of the tax system and efficiency in public spending. In January 2016, she called on fellow deputies to discuss the need for a fiscal agreement to steer public finances toward sustainability.[32]

She championed the constitutional reform for the removal of deputies who failed in their duty of probity,[33] the proposal to repeal the National Intelligence and Security Directorate (DIS), the initiative to regulate lobbying in public functions, the declaration of August as the historical month of Afro-descendants in Costa Rica,[34] the Law to Prevent and Punish All Forms of Discrimination, Racism, and Intolerance, a bill to prohibit the commercialization of illegal lotteries, and the Law against Street Harassment.[35]

As a member of the Commission on Control of Income and Public Spending, she participated in investigations on the setting of rates by the Regulatory Authority for Public Services, the lack of execution of funds from an international loan with the International Bank for Reconstruction and Development to finance the Limón Ciudad-Puerto project, as well as the government's intention to acquire the El Tobogán Corporate Center to build the so-called "Government City". She also served on the Human Rights, International Relations, Economic Affairs, and Women's commissions.[32]

Vice President[edit]

Campbell initially announced her intention to run in the PAC presidential primary for the 2018 presidential election, but withdrew from the race on 27 March 2017. However, she was subsequently selected by nominee Carlos Alvarado Quesada as one of two joint running mates, alongside Marvin Rodríguez. She condemned remarks by PIN candidate Juan Diego Castro alleging that female members of the Judiciary advanced in promotions due to sexual favors. Alvarado Quesada eventually advanced to the runoff and won, with Campbell becoming the first Afrodescendant vice-president of the country.

During her tenure, she led the "Northern Zone Development Strip" program to address inequalities in the border region with Nicaragua. She was also in charge of the "National Plan for Economic Empowerment and Leadership of Women" and advocated for a series of initiatives benefiting the Afro-descendant population, such as the declaration of the International Day of Afro-descendants.

In various polls conducted by both private companies and the University of Costa Rica, she maintained high popularity until 2018, being considered "one of the most influential figures in Costa Rican politics" since 2002.[36]


After being elected vice president alongside the presidential formula of Carlos Alvarado Quesada, Campbell assumed the position of Minister of Foreign Relations (MREC) on May 8, 2018, becoming the first woman to hold the position of Chancellor of Costa Rica.

Campbell established, for the first time, the axes of foreign policy via Executive Decree: environmental and climate change diplomacy, diplomacy for innovation, knowledge, and education, diplomacy for social inclusion, culture, and gender parity, diplomacy for peace, democracy, transparency, and the fight against corruption, economic and trade diplomacy, multilateral diplomacy, regional diplomacy, and bilateral diplomacy. Additionally, she created the Presidential Council for International Cooperation, Foreign Policy, and International Business to monitor these axes and promote economic diplomacy.[37]

She made official visits to Panama, Colombia, Italy, the Vatican and Spain to strengthen bilateral relations and expressed Costa Rica's position regarding the crises in Nicaragua and Venezuela at the Organization of American States, the EU-CELAC summit, and the UN General Assembly.[37]

During her tenure, the crisis in Nicaragua was a prominent issue given the relevance of events in that country for Costa Rica, particularly with the migratory phenomenon. Campbell advocated for an immediate cessation of repression against protesters and arbitrary detention, urging respect and guarantee of fundamental rights such as freedom of expression and political participation. She also proposed the creation of an international investigation mechanism with autonomy and advocated for a commitment to the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights to follow up on the implementation of recommendations.[37]

In line with the Lima Group, Costa Rica did not recognize the legitimacy of the electoral process in Venezuela on May 20, 2018. The country maintained a chargé d'affaires instead of an ambassador and advocated for the intervention of the Organization of American States and a national agreement to address the crisis in Venezuela. Also, it urged to stop violence, release political prisoners, ensure human rights, and achieve a peaceful resolution of the conflict by calling on the forces of Venezuelan society to find viable solutions and common points of interest.[37]

During Campbell's tenure as Chancellor, "country profiles" were introduced as a tool to identify opportunities in diplomatic representations abroad. For the first time, ambassadors were required to publicly present a work plan aligned with the objectives of Foreign Policy before arriving at their destination countries. Additionally, a study was conducted to explore the relaxation of Chinese visas, and the document was presented to institutions such as the General Directorate of Migration and Immigration, the Ministry of Foreign Trade, the Ministry of Security, and the Costa Rican Tourism Institute.[37]

Technical criteria were established in the allocation of office expenses abroad, and new guidelines for personnel hiring were implemented, favoring the application of the legislation of host countries to reduce conflicts and costs to the public treasury. A Budget Planning and Execution System was implemented as a computerized tool to comply with the Procurement and Contracting Manual, facilitate administrative-financial management, and enhance accountability for embassies.[37]

Concerning the diplomatic career, the competitive examination was continued, concluding academic tests and interviews with 27 eligible individuals, including 14 who were already appointed. A rotation competition abroad was held, appointing 11 diplomats to Costa Rican missions through the application of the "inopia" figure in favor of the diplomatic career. Consultation with the budgetary authority was carried out on promotions in the Foreign Service, and a competition was opened for the appointment of directors at the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, aiming to correct historical practices and promote the professionalization of the service.[37]


Campbell has played roles in various national and international projects, including serving as a consultant in the "Public Inclusion Policies for Women and Afro-descendant Communities in the Americas and the Caribbean" project carried out in collaboration with the Spanish Agency for International Development Cooperation (AECID) and the Association for the Development of Black Costa Rican Women between 2015 and 2017.

She was also a member of the committee responsible for preparing the "Regional Human Development Report (RHDR) for Latin America and the Caribbean: Multidimensional Progress" in 2016, coordinated by the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP). Additionally, she served as a coordinator for events such as the "V Meeting of Afro-descendant Parliamentarians and Political Leaders of the Americas and the Caribbean 2016" and the "Dialogue of Afro-descendant Parliamentarians and Leaders of the Americas" in 2016.

In addition to her role as a professor at the University of Costa Rica, she has led projects such as the analysis and monitoring of the incorporation of Afro-descendants in the Americas, funded by AECID between 2011 and 2013. She has also worked as an international consultant on intercultural gender democracy with UNDP in 2011 and served as a consultant for UNICEF on Afro-descendants in 2006-2007 and 2008–2011.

International Day for People of African Descent[edit]

Campbell was the driving force behind the International Day for People of African Descent, declared by the United Nations General Assembly[38] through Resolution 75/170 on December 16, 2020.[39]

In August 1920, the First International Convention of the Black Peoples of the World was held in New York. As a result of discussions led by Marcus Garvey with thousands of delegates from different countries, the Declaration of the Rights of the Negro Peoples of the World was adopted.[40] Article 53 of this declaration proclaimed August 31 of each year as an international day to celebrate black peoples.[41][42]

According to Campbell, the intention behind proclaiming the International Day for People of African Descent was to do justice to the struggles, hopes, and resistances, bringing to light this milestone in the context of the growing mobilization for racial justice, equality, and inclusion of millions of people under the Black Lives Matter motto.[43][44]

United Nations Permanent Forum on People of African Descent[edit]

On December 21, 2021, the United Nations General Assembly selected Campbell as one of the ten members of the Permanent Forum on People of African Descent.[45] This forum, acting as an advisory body to the UN Human Rights Council, is composed of ten independent experts with recognized expertise in Afro-descendant issues and human rights. These experts serve in a voluntary capacity and are not part of the United Nations staff, receiving no financial compensation.[46]

The composition of this advisory mechanism follows geographical criteria: five members are elected by the United Nations General Assembly, while the other five are appointed by Afro-descendant organizations. These experts work individually, with terms lasting three years and the possibility of re-election.[47]

The initiative to establish this forum arose after Campbell advocated before the General Assembly and in various bilateral meetings for the urgency of creating this body with the purpose of improving the quality of life for Afro-descendant people worldwide.[48][49]


  • "Powerful Women", 2019. Forbes.[50]
  • "Most Influential Women in the Region", 2019. Strategy and Business Magazine.[51]
  • "Leadership Award", 2019. African Renaissance and Diaspora Network.[52]
  • "Most Influential Afro-descendant Leaders in the World", 2019. Most Influential People of African Descent (MIPAD).[53]
  • "Youth Champion", 2019. United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF), for the "Generation Unlimited" strategy.[54]
  • "Distinguished Visitor of Montevideo", 2021. Montevideo City Hall.[55]
  • "Key to the City of Panama" and "Guest of Honor of the Panama District", 2018.[56]


  1. ^ Danielle, Britni (24 October 2020). "Costa Rica Just Elected A Black Female Vice President, The First In All Of the Americas". Essence. Retrieved 27 November 2022.
  2. ^ Gutiérrez, Icíar (15 April 2018). "La primera mujer negra vicepresidenta en Latinoamérica: "Esta debería haber sido una noticia del siglo pasado"" [The first black woman vice president in Latin America: "This should have been news from the last century"]. elDiario.es (in Spanish). Retrieved 27 November 2022.
  3. ^ "Epsy Campbell, The First Afrodescendant Vice President Of Costa Rica". Q COSTA RICA. 2 April 2018. Retrieved 27 November 2022.
  4. ^ "Diputadas y diputados". www.asamblea.go.cr. Retrieved 14 April 2021.
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  9. ^ Afrofeminas (9 May 2021). "Epsy Campbell Barr: la historia de la primera vicepresidenta afrodescendiente de Costa Rica - AFROFÉMINAS" (in Spanish). Retrieved 1 December 2023.
  10. ^ "Epsy Campbell Barr - The Women Leaders". 22 February 2022. Retrieved 1 December 2023.
  11. ^ "II Jornades sobre Noves economies a l'Amèrica Llatina, amb Epsy Campbell i Fabio Feldmann". Casa Amèrica Catalunya. Retrieved 1 December 2023.
  12. ^ "Visita Oficial de la Vicepresidente de la Republica de Costa Rica". www.spi.gob.pa. Retrieved 1 December 2023.
  13. ^ "Epsy Alejandra Campbell Barr". Ojo al Voto. 6 December 2013. Retrieved 1 December 2023.
  14. ^ "Epsy Campbell Barr". Atlantic Council. Retrieved 1 December 2023.
  15. ^ "Epsy Campbell | Fundación Euroamerica". Retrieved 1 December 2023.
  16. ^ Panamá, GESE-La Estrella de. "Epsy Campbell: 'El mundo no cambiará si no hay un trabajo protagónico de mujeres en alianza'". La Estrella de Panamá (in Spanish). Retrieved 1 December 2023.
  17. ^ Grimblatt, Nicolas (16 October 2019). "Epsy Campbell". XIV Conferencia Regional sobre la Mujer de América Latina y el Caribe (in Spanish). Retrieved 1 December 2023.
  18. ^ Communications. "Raza e Igualdad Lanza Campaña Regional para Promover la Ratificación e". cirdi2024.org (in European Spanish). Retrieved 1 December 2023.
  19. ^ "Meet Epsy Alejandra Campbell Barr: Costa Rica's First Black Vice-President". Essence. 6 December 2020. Retrieved 3 December 2023.
  20. ^ "Luchadoras • Epsy Campbell". mujeresluchadoras.iica.int. Retrieved 3 December 2023.
  21. ^ "Sasha Campbell: Dos décadas de talento y legado en el arte nacional". www.larepublica.net (in Spanish). Retrieved 3 December 2023.
  22. ^ "Shirley Campbell, escritora costarricense: 'Yo sí quiero que me etiqueten, yo sí quiero que digan esa es la poeta negra'". La Nación (in Spanish). 19 May 2019. Retrieved 3 December 2023.
  23. ^ "Disfrute de ballet clásico y flamenco en presentación del Taller Nacional de Danza". La Teja (in Spanish). 21 July 2023. Retrieved 3 December 2023.
  24. ^ "Epsy Campbell: la "escandalosa" del barrio". La Nación (in Spanish). 15 April 2018. Retrieved 3 December 2023.
  25. ^ "Inter-American Dialogue | Experts". www.thedialogue.org. Archived from the original on 2 February 2020. Retrieved 11 April 2017.
  26. ^ "Epsy Alejandra Campbell Barr". Ojo al Voto. 6 December 2013. Retrieved 3 December 2023.
  27. ^ Font, Alberto. "Presidential Race Grows by One". The Tico Times. Archived from the original on 15 February 2013. Retrieved 15 February 2013.
  28. ^ Partido Accion Ciudadano. "List of Candidates". Archived from the original on 16 January 2014. Retrieved 13 January 2014.
  29. ^ Ruiz Ramón, Gerardo (14 March 2014). "Epsy Campbell no rechazaría oferta de candidatura para presidir el Congreso". La Nacion. Archived from the original on 17 March 2014. Retrieved 18 March 2014.
  30. ^ Sequeira, Aarón (24 April 2014). "Dos opositores dan pelea al PAC por la presidencia del Congreso" (in Spanish). San Jose. Retrieved 24 April 2014.
  31. ^ Rupturas y últimos amarres complicaron elección de presidente legislativo Archived 4 March 2016 at the Wayback Machine La Nación, 1 May 2014 (in Spanish)
  32. ^ a b Campbell Barr, Epsy (12 April 2016). "Informe II Año de Legislatura". Legislative Assembly of Costa Rica.
  33. ^ "Pérdida de Credencial de Diputado por violación al Principio de Probidad mediante la reforma del artículo 112 de la Constitución Política - N° 9571". www.pgrweb.go.cr. 23 May 2018. Retrieved 3 December 2023.
  34. ^ "Ley N° 9526, Ley para declarar agosto como el mes histórico de la afrodescendencia en Costa Rica | Ministerio de Educación Pública". www.mep.go.cr. Retrieved 3 December 2023.
  35. ^ "Observatorio de Violencia de Género contra las Mujeres y Acceso a la Justicia - Ley contra el Acoso Sexual Callejero". observatoriodegenero.poder-judicial.go.cr (in European Spanish). Retrieved 3 December 2023.
  36. ^ Madrigal, Luis Manuel (9 December 2016). "Epsy Campbell, la política mejor valorada por los costarricenses". El Mundo CR (in Spanish). Retrieved 3 December 2023.
  37. ^ a b c d e f g Campbell Barr, Epsy (23 January 2019). "Informe de labores Epsy Campbell Barr". Ministry of Foreign Relations. Retrieved 3 December 2023.
  38. ^ "Primera Celebración del Día Internacional de las Personas Afrodescendientes: Reafirmando el compromiso para el reconocimiento, justicia y desarrollo". UNFPA América Latina y el Caribe. 12 October 2021. Retrieved 4 December 2023.
  39. ^ Sess.: 2020-2021, UN General Assembly (75th (28 December 2020). "International Day for People of African Descent:: resolution /: adopted by the General Assembly". UN. General Assembly (75th Sess.: 2020-2021) (in Spanish).{{cite journal}}: CS1 maint: numeric names: authors list (link)
  40. ^ ""Declaration of the Rights of the Negro Peoples of the World": The Principles of the Universal Negro Improvement Association". historymatters.gmu.edu. Retrieved 4 December 2023.
  41. ^ Mensaje de la Vicepresidenta Epsy Campbell, Mes Histórico de la Afrodescendencia en Costa Rica, retrieved 4 December 2023
  42. ^ "Costa Rica promoverá ante la ONU la creación del Día de los Afrodescendientes". La Vanguardia (in Spanish). 31 August 2020. Retrieved 4 December 2023.
  43. ^ Nations, United. "International Day for People of African Descent - EN". United Nations. Retrieved 4 December 2023.
  44. ^ Fernandez, Kenny Castillo (16 December 2020). "ONU declara el 31 de agosto como Día Internacional de los Afrodescendientes". Wadani News (in Spanish). Retrieved 4 December 2023.
  45. ^ "Vicepresidenta de la República, Epsy Campbell, es electa como miembro del Foro Permanente de Afrodescendientes". Presidencia de la República de Costa Rica (in Spanish). 16 December 2021. Retrieved 4 December 2023.
  46. ^ Nations, United. "Permanent Forum". United Nations. Retrieved 4 December 2023.
  47. ^ General Assembly (17 January 2023). "Methods of work of the Permanent Forum on People of African Descent" (PDF). documents-dds-ny.un.org. Retrieved 4 December 2023.
  48. ^ "Con liderazgo de Costa Rica, Naciones Unidas acuerda crear el Foro Permanente de Afrodescendientes". Presidencia de la República de Costa Rica (in Spanish). 2 August 2021. Retrieved 4 December 2023.
  49. ^ Permanent Forum on People of African Descent. "Mandate". United Nations.
  50. ^ Martínez, Raúl (24 July 2019). "Epsy Campbell, el desafío de la equidad en Costa Rica". Forbes Centroamérica (in Spanish). Retrieved 4 December 2023.
  51. ^ "Epsy Campbell Barr: 'Cuando cambian las fotografías del poder, cambia la democracia'". www.revistaeyn.com (in Spanish). Retrieved 4 December 2023.
  52. ^ "Red de Renacimiento Africano y de la Diáspora otorga Premio al Liderazgo a Vicepresidenta Epsy Campbell". Presidencia de la República de Costa Rica (in Spanish). 28 September 2019. Retrieved 4 December 2023.
  53. ^ "MIPAD Press Release, Recognition Ceremony".
  54. ^ "UNICEF Costa Rica - EN VIVO | Pueden seguir la participación de doña Epsy Campbell, Vicepresidenta de Costa Rica y Campeona de Juventud de UNICEF , en el panel "Cooperación digital: acción hoy para las futuras generaciones". Actividad que se da en el marco de la Asamblea General de las Naciones Unidas en ocasión de su 75° aniversario". www.facebook.com. Retrieved 4 December 2023.
  55. ^ "Vicepresidenta de Costa Rica es Visitante Ilustre". Intendencia de Montevideo. (in Spanish). 16 November 2021. Retrieved 4 December 2023.
  56. ^ "Epsy Campbell, vicepresidenta de Costa Rica recibe la llave de la Ciudad de Panamá". RADIO PANAMÁ (in Spanish). 22 June 2018. Retrieved 4 December 2023.

External links[edit]

Assembly seats
Preceded by Deputy of the Legislative Assembly of Costa Rica for San José's 9th office
Succeeded by
Party political offices
Preceded by PAC nominee for First-Vice President of Costa Rica
Succeeded by
Emilia Molina Cruz
Political offices
Preceded by First Vice-President of Costa Rica
Succeeded by
Preceded by
Manuel González Sanz
Minister of Foreign Affairs
Succeeded by
Lorena Aguilar Revelo