This article may rely excessively on sources too closely associated with the subject, potentially preventing the article from being verifiable and neutral. (March 2015) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)
|Public (SGX: C76)|
|Founded||July 1, 1981|
|Founder||Sim Wong Hoo
Ng Kai Wa
|Headquarters||Jurong East, Singapore|
|Sim Wong Hoo, (CEO)
Ng Keh Long (CFO)
|Products||Multimedia, IT, Consumer electronics|
|Revenue||US$ 116 million (2014)|
|Profit||US$ -21.8 million (2014)|
Number of employees
|Subsidiaries||ZiiLABS, E-mu Systems and Ensoniq (merged), Cambridge SoundWorks|
Creative Technology Ltd. is a Singapore-based global company headquartered in Jurong East, Singapore. The principal activities of the company and its subsidiaries consist of the design, manufacture and distribution of digitized sound and video boards, computers and related multimedia, and personal digital entertainment products.
It also partners with mainboard manufacturers and laptop brands to embed its Sound Blaster technology on their products.
- 1 History
- 2 Products
- 3 See also
- 4 References
- 5 External links
This article may contain an excessive amount of intricate detail that may only interest a specific audience. (October 2015) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)
The firm began as a computer repair shop, where Sim Wong Hoo developed an add-on memory board for the Apple II computer. Later, they started creating customized PCs adapted in Chinese. A part of this design included enhanced audio capabilities, so that the device could produce speech and melodies. The success of this audio interface led to the development of a standalone sound card.
In 1987, they released a 12-voice sound generator sound card for the IBM PC architecture, the Creative Music System (C/MS), featuring two Philips SAA1099 chips. Sim personally went from Singapore to Silicon Valley and managed to get RadioShack's Tandy division to market the product. The card was, however, unsuccessful and lost to AdLib. Learning from this, Creative produced the first Sound Blaster, which included the prior CM/S hardware but also incorporated the Yamaha YM3812 chip (also known as OPL2) that was found on the AdLib card, as well as adding a component for playing and recording digital samples. The firm used aggressive marketing strategies, from calling the card a "stereo" component (only the C/MS chips were capable of stereo, not the complete product) to calling the sound producing micro-controller a "DSP" (for "digital sound processor"), hoping to associate the product with a digital signal processor (the DSP could encode/decode ADPCM realtime, but otherwise had no other DSP-like qualities).
The firm's Sound Blaster sound card was among the first dedicated audio processing cards to be made widely available to the general consumer. The card soon became a de facto standard for sound cards in PCs for many years, mostly by the fact that it was the first to bundle what is now considered to be a part of a sound card system: digital audio, on-board music synthesizer, MIDI interface and a joystick port. This continued until the 2000s when OEM PCs began to be built with sound boards integrated directly onto the motherboard, and the Sound Blaster found itself reduced to a niche product.
Monaural Sound Blaster cards were introduced in 1989, and stereo cards followed in 1992 (Sound Blaster Pro). Wavetable MIDI was added with the 16-bit Sound Blaster AWE32 and AWE64 with 32 and 64 voices.
In the mid 1990s, the firm's ventures into the CD-ROM market proved to be unsuccessful. The firm was forced to write off nearly US$100 million in inventory when the market collapsed due to a flood of cheaper alternatives.
The firm had maintained a strong foothold in the EISA PC audio market until July 14, 1997 when Aureal Semiconductor entered the soundcard market with their very competitive PCI AU8820 Vortex 3D sound technology. The firm at the time was in development of their own in house PCI audio cards but were finding little success adopting to the PCI standard. In January 1998 in order to quickly facilitate a working PCI audio technology, the firm made the acquisition of Ensoniq for US$77 million. On March 5, 1998 the firm sued Aureal with patent infringement claims over a MIDI caching technology held by E-mu Systems. Aureal filed a counterclaim stating the firm was intentionally interfering with its business prospects, had defamed them, commercially disparaged, engaged in unfair competition with intent to slow down Aureals sales and acted fraudulently. The suit had come only days after Aureal gained a fair market with the AU8820 Vortex1.
In August 1998 the Sound Blaster Live! was the firm's first sound card developed for the PCI bus in order to compete with upcoming Aureal AU8830 Vortex2 sound chip. Aureal at this time were making fliers comparing their new AU8830 chips to the now shipping Sound Blaster Live!. The specifications within these fliers comparing the AU8830 to the Sound Blaster Live! EMU10K1 chip sparked another flurry of lawsuits against Aureal, this time claiming Aureal had falsely advertised the Sound Blaster Live!'s capabilities.
In December 1999 after numerous lawsuits, Aureal won a favorable ruling but went bankrupt as a result of legal costs and their investors pulling out. Their assets were acquired by Creative through the bankruptcy court in September 2000 for US$32 million. The firm had in effect removed their only major direct competitor in the 3D gaming audio market, excluding their later acquisition of Sensaura.
In April 1999, the firm launched the NOMAD line of digital audio players that would later introduce the MuVo and ZEN series of portable media players. In November 2004, the firm announced a $100 million marketing campaign to promote their digital audio products, including the ZEN range of MP3 players.
The firm applied for U.S. Patent 6,928,433 on January 5, 2001 and was awarded the patent on August 9, 2005. The ZEN Patent was awarded to the firm for the invention of user interface for portable media players. This opened the way for potential legal action against Apple's iPod and the other competing players. The firm took legal actions against Apple in May 2006. In August, 2006, Creative and Apple entered into a broad settlement, with Apple paying Creative $100 million for the license to use the Zen patent. The firm then joined the "Made for iPod" program.
On March 22, 2005, The Inquirer reported that Creative Labs had agreed to settle in a class action lawsuit about the way its Audigy and Extigy soundcards were marketed. The firm offered customers who purchased the cards up to a $62.50 reduction on the cost of their next purchase of its products, while the lawyers involved in filing the dispute against Creative received a payment of approximately $470,000.
In 2007, Creative voluntarily delisted itself from NASDAQ, where it had the symbol of CREAF. Its stocks are now solely on the Singapore Exchange (SGX-ST). In early 2008, Creative Labs' technical support center, located in Stillwater, Oklahoma, laid off several technical support staff, furthering ongoing concerns surrounding Creative's financial situation.
In January 2009, the firm generated internet buzz with a mysterious website promising a "stem cell-like" processor which would give a 100-fold increase in supercomputing power over current technology, as well as advances in consumer 3D graphics. At CES 2009, it was revealed to be the ZMS-05 processor from ZiiLABS, a subsidiary formed from the combining of 3DLabs and Creative's Personal Digital Entertainment division.
In November 2012, the firm announced it has entered into an agreement with Intel Corporation for Intel to license technology and patents from ZiiLABS Inc. Ltd, a wholly owned subsidiary of Creative, and acquire engineering resources and assets related to its UK branch as a part of a $50 million deal. ZiiLABS (still wholly owned by Creative) continues to retain all ownership of its StemCell media processor technologies and patents, and will continue to supply and support its ZMS series of chips to its customers.
Creative Sound Blaster is one of the most recognized names in the PC audio market. In 1987, the Creative Music System was released as the first audio device from the firm. In 1988, the firm took the Creative Music System and marketed it at RadioShack as Game Blaster. The Sound Blaster 1.0 released within the following year assisted by full compatibility with the then market leader Ad Lib, Inc.'s sound card, allowed the firm to achieve competitive control of the PC audio market by 1992. Ad Lib, Inc. went bankrupt in 1992.
The current[when?] line-up of Sound Blaster sound cards includes a feature SBX Pro Studio that restores the highs and lows of compressed audio files, enhancing the detail and clarity. SBX Pro Studio also contains settings that allow the user to improve their audio bass and virtual surround.
Live! Cam Series Web Cameras
Live! Cam is a series of web cameras for video chats, taking photos and recording videos.
The webcams can work on Windows XP SP2, Windows Vista, Windows 7, Windows 8, Mac OS X 10.5 and Linux Kernel V2.6. However, the bundled software can only work on Microsoft Windows. The bundled software allows noise cancellation for voices in video chats.
The maximum performance of Live! Cam Connect HD 1080, Live! Cam Sync HD and Live! Cam Chat HD for Skype video calls is VGA at 30 frames per second. The maximum performance of Live! Cam Connect HD for Skype video calls is 720p at 30 frames per second.
There are two versions of bundled software for the webcams, Live! Central 3 and Live! Central 3 Lite. The difference between the two software lies in Live! Central 3 allows visual effects like adding on a virtual eyewear, hair, headgear, moustache and face effects. It allows the change of scenes in a video chat and adding photos and PowerPoint slides to video chats. It also allows the sharing of a user’s desktop in video chats. Live! Central 3 also has got features of Live! Central 3 Lite.
Live! Central 3 Lite allows the adjustment of video settings, on/off noise cancellation in chat and on/off parental control.
List of Live! Cam Series Web Cameras
- Live! Cam Connect HD 1080
- Live! Cam Sync HD
- Live! Cam Connect HD
- Live! Cam Chat HD
Creative MUVO Series Speakers
The Creative MUVO 10, MUVO 20 and MUVO mini are portable Bluetooth speakers. All three speakers are Bluetooth 4.0 speakers and can be connected via NFC. They have got a built-in microphone for answering phone calls when paired with smart phones. They support A2DP (Wireless Stereo Audio), AVRCP (Bluetooth Remote Control) and HFP (Hands-Free profile) Bluetooth profiles. All three speakers support the SBC codec while the MUVO 20 also supports the aptX codec.
The Creative MUVO 10 and MUVO 20 have got two 3-inch full-range drivers and a port tube for bass. The MUVO 10 weights 0.967 kg/2.14 lbs and the MUVO 20 weighs 1.016 kg/2.24 lbs.
The Creative MUVO mini is the smallest and lightest of the three speakers. It has got two full-range micro drivers and passive driver for bass. It weighs 0.285 kg/10.01 oz. It is IP66 certified making it dust and water jets resistant. It is not fully water proof as it cannot be submerged in water.
Creative iRoar Series Portable Bluetooth Speakers
The Creative iRoar has the same 5 drivers design as the Sound Blaster Roar. It has the SB-Axx1 audio chip built-in. The speaker has a 9000mAh Li-ion battery allowing it to play audio up to 20 hours. It can be connected to the Creative iRoar Mic wirelessly and to a subwoofer dock called the Creative iRoar Rock. Unlike the Sound Blaster Roar, it cannot be charged with a micro USB cable.
The Bluetooth codecs supported by the Creative iRoar are SBC, aptX, aptX Low Latency and AAC.
The iRoar Remote Assistant app can be used to control audio playback from and record audio to the microSD card on the Creative iRoar. The iRoar Dashboard app allows the selection of audio profiles, adjusting the graphic equalizer and virtual surround that will be saved onto the speaker.
Creative has a SDK (Software Development Kit) program for making iRoar specific apps called “Add-ons” to the iRoar Dashboard. Creative has also put together a DDK (Docking Development Kit) allowing the community to create hardware add-ons to Creative iRoar.
The Creative iRoar Rock subwoofer is connected to the Creative iRoar through its docking port.
Creative X-Fi Sonic Carrier
The Creative X-Fi Sonic Carrier, launched in January 2016, consists of a long main unit and a subwoofer that houses 17 drivers in a 11.2.4 speaker configuration. This allows it to produce incredibly powerful and precise audio. It is one of the first few speaker designs to incorporate Dolby® Atmos™ surround processing, and also features Creative's EAX 15.2 Dimensional Audio to extract, enhance and upscale natural, enveloping sound from legacy material.
The audio and video engine of the X-Fi Sonic Carrier are powered by 7 processors with a total of 14 cores. It supports both local and streaming video content at up to 4K 60fps, as well as 15.2 channels of high resolution audio playback.
It also comes with 3 distinct wireless technologies that allow multi-room Wi-Fi, Bluetooth, and a zero-latency speaker-to-speaker link to up to 4 subwoofer units.
- Sound Blaster and Sound BlasterX branded gaming headsets
- Aurvana series earphones and headphones
- Gigaworks series computer speakers
- Inspire series computer speakers
- HansVision E-dictionary (Chinese language)
- hanZpad Android Tablet (For OEMs)
- WP Series Bluetooth wireless headphones and earphone
- MA Series For Android headphones and earphones
- HN/HS/HQ Headset Series headphones and earphones
- EP Earphones Series earphones
- Creative GigaWorks ProGamer G500 speakers
- Creative ZiiSound Bluetooth speaker and wireless subwoofer
- Creative Sound BlasterAxx Series speakers
(Only Sound BlasterAxx SBX 8 does not have Bluetooth capability)
- Creative Sound Blaster EVO / EVO Wireless / EVO Zx / EVO ZxR headset
- Creative Sound Blaster Roar series Bluetooth speaker
- Creative iRoar series Bluetooth speaker
- Creative Muvo series Bluetooth speakers
- Creative Sound Blaster E1, E3 and E5 headphone amplifier
- Creative Sound Blaster X7
- Creative Sound Blaster JAM Bluetooth headset
- Creative Sound Blaster FRee Bluetooth speaker
- Creative Outlier Bluetooth headset
- Aurvana ANC active noise cancellation headset
- Creative Flex wired headset
- CD and DVD players, drives, and controller cards
- Graphics cards
- Prodikeys, a computer keyboard-musical keyboard combination
- Optical mice and keyboards
- Creative MuVos
Divisions and brands
- Cambridge SoundWorks
- Creative MuVo
- Creative NOMAD
- Creative ZEN
- E-mu Systems
- Sound Blaster
- ZiiLABS, formerly 3dlabs
- http://www.answers.com/topic/creative-technology-ltd-usa-adr Answers.com : Reference Answers - Creative Technology Ltd.
- "CREATIVE Fiscal Year 2014 Annual Report" (PDF).
- "Creative Announces Q4FY14 Financial Results" (PDF).
- "Creative Technology Ltd. | Company profile from Hoover's". Hoovers.com. Retrieved 2010-11-11.
- (C) Creative Labs 1999-2015. "Creative OEM Partners". Retrieved 17 April 2015.
- Graham, Jefferson (2004-06-28). "Creative's name describes CEO". USA Today. Retrieved 2008-03-31.
- "Asiaweek.com - Technology - Creative's Genius - 9/29/2000". Retrieved 17 April 2015.
- "Internet Archive Wayback Machine". 29 August 1999. Archived from the original on 29 August 1999.
- "Creative Labs v. Aureal". Archived from the original on 3 February 2015. Retrieved 17 April 2015.
- "Writs fly as Aureal countersues Creative Technologies". Retrieved 17 April 2015.
- "Aureal Welcomes Creative Labs to Competitive Marketplace". Retrieved 17 April 2015.
- "Creative Files False Advertising and Other Claims Against Aureal". Retrieved 17 April 2015.
- "A3D30prm". Retrieved 17 April 2015.
- "ALive!". Archived from the original on 10 October 2007. Retrieved 17 April 2015.
- Smith, Tony (2004-11-18). "The Register "Creative declares war on iPod", 18 November 2004". Theregister.co.uk. Retrieved 2010-11-11.
- "Press Relations". Retrieved 17 April 2015.
- "Press Relations". Retrieved 17 April 2015.
- Burns, Simon (2005-03-22). "Creative Labs owes you $62". The Inquirer. Retrieved 2010-03-26.
- "Creative Technology Announces Completion of Its Voluntary Delisting from Nasdaq - Company's Sole Exchange Listing Now On the SGX-ST" (Press release). Creative. 2007-09-04. Archived from the original on 2008-12-04. Retrieved 2008-01-01.
- "Zii". Archived from the original on 2009-01-15.
- "Creative's Zii "Stemcell Computing" is not likely to be awesome". Engadget.com. Retrieved 2010-11-11.
- "Creative unveils Zii". Engadget.com. Retrieved 2010-11-11.
- "Creative to license technology and patents to Intel as part of a us$50 million deal". Creative Technology Ltd. Archived from the original on 2012-11-29. Retrieved 2012-11-19.
- "Another Video About the Early Days of PC Audio".
- "Audio Made Clever :: What is SBX Pro Studio?". Audio Made Clever. Retrieved 17 April 2015.
- "Creative Introduces Portable Wireless Speakers MUVO 20 And MUVO 10 - Techreleased".
- "Creative iRoar Intelligent Bluetooth Speaker Review - High-Def Digest".
- "Best Bluetooth Speakers (Jan. 2017) - Portable Wireless Speakers". Bestseekers.com.
- "Creative's iRoar is a ridiculously powerful Bluetooth speaker".
- "Hear that? You will with Creative's wall-shaking iRoar".
- "Creative iRoar".
- "Press Relations". www.creative.com. Retrieved 2016-03-04.
- "Les Numériques - Test, actu, comparatif high-tech/électroménager".
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Creative Technology.|