D'Urville Island (New Zealand)
|Rangitoto Ki Te Tonga (Māori)|
Location of D'Urville Island.
|Area||58 sq mi (150 km2)|
|Highest point||Attempt Hill (726 m)|
D'Urville Island is an island in the Marlborough Sounds along the northern coast of the South Island of New Zealand. It was named after the French explorer Jules Dumont d'Urville. With an area of approximately 58 square miles (150 km2), it is the eighth-largest island of New Zealand, and has around 52 permanent residents.
The island has a convoluted coastline, as is frequently found with islands formed from peaks between sea-drowned valleys. It extends for some 35 kilometres northeast/southwest, and is a little over 10 kilometres wide at its widest point. The eastern coast of the island is relatively smooth, marked mainly by the small D'Urville Peninsula, some halfway along its length. In contrast, the west coast is marked by three large inlets: Port Hardy in the north, Greville Harbour in the centre, and Manuhakapakapa in the south. Numerous smaller islands lie off the coast, notably Stephens Island, which lies 3 km off D'Urville's northernmost point, Cape Stephens. The island's highest point, Takapōtaka / Attempt Hill (728 m) lies close to the centre of the island, due east of Greville Harbour. Most of the island's residents live close to the more sheltered east coast, with the localities of Patuki and Mukahanga being close to the northern tip of the island.
The island is separated from the mainland by the dangerous French Pass, known to Māori as Te Aumiti, through which water passes at up to 8 knots (15 km/h; 9.2 mph) at each tide. Several vortices occur near this passage. D'Urville investigated the passage for several days in 1827, and damaged his ship passing through it.
- Gerard Hindmarsh (2006). "Discovering D'Urville". Heritage New Zealand. Retrieved 13 January 2011.
- Reed New Zealand atlas (2004) Auckland: Reed Publishing. Map 61 ISBN 0 7900 0952 8
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