DeSoto Parish, Louisiana

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DeSoto Parish, Louisiana
Parish of DeSoto
DeSoto Parish Courthouse in Mansfield
DeSoto Parish Courthouse in Mansfield
Flag of DeSoto Parish, Louisiana
Location within the U.S. state of Louisiana
Location within the U.S. state of Louisiana
Louisiana's location within the U.S.
Louisiana's location within the U.S.
Country United States
State Louisiana
RegionNorth Louisiana
Founded1843
Named forsettler, Marcel DeSoto
Parish seatMansfield
Largest municipalityStonewall (area)
Mansfield (population)
Area
 • Total2,320 km2 (895 sq mi)
 • Land2,270 km2 (876 sq mi)
 • Water50 km2 (19 sq mi)
 • percentage5 km2 (2.1 sq mi)
Population
 (2020)
 • Total26,812
 • Density12/km2 (30/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC-6 (CST)
 • Summer (DST)UTC-5 (CDT)
Area code318
Congressional district4th
WebsiteDeSoto Parish Government

DeSoto Parish (French: Paroisse DeSoto) is a parish located in the U.S. state of Louisiana. The parish was formed in 1843.[1] At the 2010 U.S. census, the population was 26,656;[2] at the 2020 census, its population increased to 26,812.[3] Its parish seat is Mansfield.[4] DeSoto Parish is part of the ShreveportBossier City metropolitan statistical area.

History[edit]

It is a typical misconception that the parish was named after Hernando de Soto, the Spaniard who explored the future southeastern United States and discovered and named the Mississippi River.[5] The parish was in fact named after the unrelated Marcel DeSoto, who led the first group of European settlers there, to a settlement historically known as Bayou Pierre.[6] The parish's name is also commonly misspelled following the explorer's name as "De Soto Parish," but it is properly spelled following the settler's name as "DeSoto Parish."[7]

The Battle of Mansfield was fought in DeSoto Parish on April 8, 1864. General Alfred Mouton was killed in the fighting, but his position was carried forward by Prince de Polignac, a native of France. The battle is commemorated at the Mansfield State Historic Site four miles south of Mansfield off Louisiana Highway 175. The Confederate victory prevented a planned Union invasion thereafter of Texas.[8] Mansfield, also known as the Battle of Sabine Crossroads, a Confederate victory, occurred with one year and one day left in the duration of the war. Mansfield was quickly followed by the Battle of Pleasant Hill to the south.[9]

Geography[edit]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the parish has a total area of 895 square miles (2,320 km2), of which 876 square miles (2,270 km2) is land and 19 square miles (49 km2) (2.1%) is water.[10]

Major highways[edit]

Adjacent parishes[edit]

National protected area[edit]

Communities[edit]

Map of DeSoto Parish, with municipal labels

City[edit]

  • Mansfield (parish seat and largest municipality)

Towns[edit]

Villages[edit]

Unincorporated areas[edit]

Census-designated places[edit]

Unincorporated communities[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
18508,023
186013,29865.7%
187014,96212.5%
188015,6034.3%
189019,86027.3%
190025,06326.2%
191027,68910.5%
192029,3766.1%
193031,0165.6%
194031,8032.5%
195024,398−23.3%
196024,248−0.6%
197022,764−6.1%
198025,72713.0%
199025,346−1.5%
200025,4940.6%
201026,6564.6%
202026,8120.6%
U.S. Decennial Census[11]
1790-1960[12] 1900-1990[13]
1990-2000[14] 2010-2013[2]

According to the 2020 United States census, 26,812 people lived in the parish, up from 26,656 in 2010.[3] At the 2019 American Community Survey,[15] there were 10,821 households.

In 2019, the racial and ethnic makeup of the parish was 58.8% non-Hispanic or Latino white, 35.3% Black or African American, 0.9% American Indian and Alaska Native, 0.1% Asian, <0.0% Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander, 0.1% some other race, 1.9% two or more races, and 2.9% Hispanic or Latin American of any race.[16]

There were 10,821 households at the 2019 census estimates, and the home-ownership rate was 71.3%. Of the 7,716 owner-occupied units, 3,917 were married couples living together, 365 male households with no female present, and 896 female households with no male present. There was a 17.1% vacancy rate in the parish. The average family size was 3.07,[15] and the average household size was 2.50.[3]

In the parish, 75.5% were aged 18 and older, and 17.2% were aged 65 and older; the median age was 39.3, and 6.5% were aged 5 and under. Approximately 0.8% of the population were foreign-born, and 2.1% spoke a language other than English at home.

The median income for a household in the parish was $46,006; families had a median income of $56,323, married couples had a median income of $78,090, and non-family households had a median income of $25,314. An estimated 22% of the parish lived at or below the poverty line, and 30.6% of people aged under 18 were at or below the poverty line.

Education[edit]

Public schools in DeSoto Parish are operated by the DeSoto Parish School Board. It is in the service area of Bossier Parish Community College.[17]

Notable people[edit]

Politics[edit]

Presidential elections results
Presidential elections results[21]
Year Republican Democratic Third parties
2020 61.8% 9,112 37.0% 5,457 1.1% 167
2016 59.8% 8,068 38.3% 5,165 2.0% 267
2012 56.3% 7,353 42.6% 5,553 1.1% 145
2008 56.2% 6,883 42.8% 5,242 1.1% 132
2004 54.8% 6,211 44.3% 5,026 0.9% 99
2000 49.6% 5,260 47.5% 5,036 2.8% 300
1996 33.5% 3,526 59.1% 6,221 7.4% 773
1992 33.1% 3,643 51.5% 5,671 15.5% 1,707
1988 47.8% 5,022 51.0% 5,366 1.2% 128
1984 55.8% 5,989 43.2% 4,642 1.0% 108
1980 42.1% 4,349 56.8% 5,861 1.1% 117
1976 43.1% 3,601 55.5% 4,630 1.4% 117
1972 56.2% 4,017 36.3% 2,596 7.6% 540
1968 11.4% 974 39.7% 3,400 48.9% 4,190
1964 75.9% 3,954 24.1% 1,254
1960 36.1% 1,603 26.7% 1,183 37.2% 1,653
1956 53.3% 2,011 32.0% 1,206 14.7% 554
1952 57.9% 2,303 42.2% 1,678
1948 9.7% 270 22.2% 617 68.1% 1,891
1944 22.5% 538 77.6% 1,858
1940 6.8% 211 93.2% 2,872
1936 3.8% 93 96.2% 2,337
1932 3.5% 87 96.5% 2,416 0.1% 2
1928 26.3% 517 73.6% 1,445 0.1% 2
1924 9.3% 118 89.9% 1,146 0.9% 11
1920 4.4% 56 95.6% 1,219
1916 1.5% 17 98.5% 1,104
1912 1.2% 11 88.7% 815 10.1% 93

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "DeSoto Parish". www.sfasu.edu. Center for Regional Heritage Research. Retrieved September 3, 2014.
  2. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on June 6, 2011. Retrieved August 9, 2013.
  3. ^ a b c "QuickFacts: DeSoto Parish, Louisiana". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved August 19, 2021.
  4. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on 2011-05-31. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
  5. ^ Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Govt. Print. Off. pp. 105.
  6. ^ Means, Emilia Gay Griffith, and Liz Chrysler. DeSoto Parish. Arcadia Publishing, 2011, p. 8.
  7. ^ "DeSoto Parish Clerk of Court – Honorable Jeremy M. Evans". www.desotoparishclerk.org. Archived from the original on 2019-07-27. Retrieved 2018-03-07.
  8. ^ Brochure, Mansfield State Historic Site, 15149 Highway 175, Mansfield, Louisiana 71052
  9. ^ John D. Winters, The Civil War in Louisiana, Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 1963, ISBN 0-8071-0834-0, pp. 340-347
  10. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Archived from the original on September 28, 2013. Retrieved August 27, 2014.
  11. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 27, 2014.
  12. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved August 27, 2014.
  13. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 27, 2014.
  14. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 27, 2014.
  15. ^ a b "Geography Profile: DeSoto Parish, Louisiana". data.census.gov. Retrieved 2021-08-19.
  16. ^ "2019 Demographic and Housing Estimates". data.census.gov. Retrieved 2021-08-19.
  17. ^ "Our Colleges". Louisiana's Technical and Community Colleges. Retrieved 2021-06-03.
  18. ^ "Retired Caddo district judge dies at 70, The Shreveport Times, May 6, 1979, p. 16-A
  19. ^ "Funeral for Pike Hall at 11 A.M. Today – Prominent Attorney, Civic Leader Succumbs After Brief Illness". The Shreveport Times. December 17, 1945. pp. 1, 6. Retrieved March 26, 2015.
  20. ^ "C. O. Simpkins, Sr.: Civil Rights Champion". cosimpkins.com. Retrieved September 1, 2015.
  21. ^ Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved 2018-03-07.

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 32°04′N 93°44′W / 32.06°N 93.74°W / 32.06; -93.74