Shelby County, Texas

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Shelby County
Shelby County Courthouse in Center
Shelby County Courthouse in Center
Map of Texas highlighting Shelby County
Location within the U.S. state of Texas
Map of the United States highlighting Texas
Texas's location within the U.S.
Coordinates: 31°47′N 94°08′W / 31.79°N 94.14°W / 31.79; -94.14
Country United States
State Texas
Founded1837
Named forIsaac Shelby
SeatCenter
Largest cityCenter
Area
 • Total835 sq mi (2,160 km2)
 • Land796 sq mi (2,060 km2)
 • Water39 sq mi (100 km2)  4.7%%
Population
 (2020)
 • Total24,022
 • Density29/sq mi (11/km2)
Time zoneUTC−6 (Central)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−5 (CDT)
Congressional district1st
Websitewww.co.shelby.tx.us

Shelby County is a county located in the far eastern portion of the U.S. state of Texas. As of the 2020 census, its population was 24,022.[1] Its county seat is Center.[2] The county was created in 1835 as a municipality of Mexico and organized as a county in 1837.[3][4] It is named for Isaac Shelby, a soldier in the American Revolution who became the first governor of Kentucky.

History[edit]

Shelby County was formed in 1837. It was named for Isaac Shelby, a soldier from Tennessee during the American Revolution, and first Governor of Kentucky.

Geography[edit]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 835 square miles (2,160 km2), of which 796 square miles (2,060 km2) are land and 39 square miles (100 km2) (4.7%) are covered by water.[5]

Adjacent counties and parishes[edit]

National protected area[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
18504,239
18605,36226.5%
18705,7326.9%
18809,53266.3%
189014,36550.7%
190020,45242.4%
191026,42329.2%
192027,4643.9%
193028,6274.2%
194029,2352.1%
195023,479−19.7%
196020,479−12.8%
197019,672−3.9%
198023,08417.3%
199022,034−4.5%
200025,22414.5%
201025,4480.9%
202024,022−5.6%
U.S. Decennial Census[6]
1850–2010[7] 2010–2020[8]
Shelby County, Texas - Demographic Profile
(NH = Non-Hispanic)
Race / Ethnicity Pop 2010[9] Pop 2020[8] % 2010 % 2020
White alone (NH) 16,535 14,416 64.98% 60.01%
Black or African American alone (NH) 4,414 3,805 17.35% 15.84%
Native American or Alaska Native alone (NH) 61 50 0.24% 0.21%
Asian alone (NH) 76 364 0.30% 1.52%
Pacific Islander alone (NH) 0 14 0.00% 0.06%
Some Other Race alone (NH) 17 49 0.07% 0.20%
Mixed Race/Multi-Racial (NH) 181 639 0.71% 2.66%
Hispanic or Latino (any race) 4,164 4,685 16.36% 19.50%
Total 25,448 24,022 100.00% 100.00%

Note: the US Census treats Hispanic/Latino as an ethnic category. This table excludes Latinos from the racial categories and assigns them to a separate category. Hispanics/Latinos can be of any race.

As of the census[10] of 2000, 25,224 people, 9,595 households, and 6,908 families resided in the county. The population density was 32 people per square mile (12/km2). The 11,955 housing units averaged 15 per square mile (6/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 72.65% White, 19.44% African American, 0.36% Native American, 0.23% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 5.87% from other races, and 1.44% from two or more races. About 9.87% of the population was Hispanic or Latino of any race.

Of the 9,595 households, 32.40% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.10% were married couples living together, 12.90% had a female householder with no husband present, and 28.00% were notfamilies. About 25.40% of all households were made up of individuals, and 13.60% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.59 and the average family size was 3.08.

In the county, the population was distributed as 26.60% under the age of 18, 8.80% from 18 to 24, 25.80% from 25 to 44, 22.20% from 45 to 64, and 16.60% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females, there were 92.40 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 89.20 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $29,112, and for a family was $34,021. Males had a median income of $26,501 versus $20,280 for females. The per capita income for the county was $15,186. About 14.90% of families and 19.40% of the population were below the poverty line, including 24.70% of those under age 18 and 16.90% of those age 65 or over.

Education[edit]

These school districts serve Shelby County:

Media[edit]

The Light and Champion, a news and information company, marked its 140th year of operation in 2017. It serves Shelby County, as well as Logansport, Louisiana. The Light and Champion produces a weekly print edition, a weekly free-distribution print product called The Merchandiser, operates a web site, www.lightandchampion.com, and a Facebook page. The Light and Champion is owned by Moser Community Media, based in Brenham, Texas.

Transportation[edit]

Major highways[edit]

US 59 goes through Shelby County. It is planned to be upgraded to interstate standards as part of the planned Interstate 69 up to Tenaha, where the planned Interstate 369 will follow US 59 northward to both Interstate 30 and Interstate 49 in Texarkana. US 84 is planned to be upgraded to interstate standards as part of the planned Interstate 69 from Tenaha to the Louisiana state line.

Mass transportation[edit]

Greyhound Lines operates the Center Station at the Shelby County's Best Yogurt store in Center.[11]

Communities[edit]

Cities[edit]

Town[edit]

Unincorporated communities[edit]

Images[edit]

Politics[edit]

United States presidential election results for Shelby County, Texas[13]
Year Republican Democratic Third party
No.  % No.  % No.  %
2020 7,975 79.06% 2,068 20.50% 44 0.44%
2016 7,179 79.01% 1,758 19.35% 149 1.64%
2012 6,879 74.03% 2,322 24.99% 91 0.98%
2008 6,630 71.91% 2,548 27.64% 42 0.46%
2004 6,295 67.84% 2,951 31.80% 33 0.36%
2000 5,692 63.21% 3,227 35.84% 86 0.96%
1996 3,482 43.27% 3,720 46.22% 846 10.51%
1992 3,217 36.96% 3,986 45.79% 1,502 17.25%
1988 3,999 48.34% 4,261 51.50% 13 0.16%
1984 4,863 57.21% 3,610 42.47% 28 0.33%
1980 3,500 44.85% 4,215 54.01% 89 1.14%
1976 2,695 36.48% 4,680 63.35% 12 0.16%
1972 4,292 70.45% 1,792 29.42% 8 0.13%
1968 1,127 16.28% 2,511 36.27% 3,285 47.45%
1964 2,220 38.87% 3,487 61.06% 4 0.07%
1960 1,679 33.63% 3,266 65.41% 48 0.96%
1956 1,988 36.54% 3,403 62.56% 49 0.90%
1952 1,792 29.63% 4,249 70.27% 6 0.10%
1948 307 7.61% 3,051 75.59% 678 16.80%
1944 428 12.01% 2,927 82.13% 209 5.86%
1940 349 6.88% 4,720 93.10% 1 0.02%
1936 136 4.11% 3,167 95.62% 9 0.27%
1932 120 3.21% 3,594 96.25% 20 0.54%
1928 676 25.53% 1,961 74.06% 11 0.42%
1924 160 4.33% 3,408 92.16% 130 3.52%
1920 150 6.42% 1,700 72.77% 486 20.80%
1916 131 6.30% 1,767 84.99% 181 8.71%
1912 76 4.02% 1,507 79.74% 307 16.24%

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Shelby County, Texas". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 30, 2022.
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
  3. ^ "Texas: Individual County Chronologies". Texas Atlas of Historical County Boundaries. The Newberry Library. 2008. Retrieved June 23, 2015.
  4. ^ "Shelby County". Texas Almanac. Texas State Historical Association. Retrieved June 23, 2015.
  5. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Retrieved May 10, 2015.
  6. ^ "Decennial Census of Population and Housing by Decades". US Census Bureau.
  7. ^ "Texas Almanac: Population History of Counties from 1850–2010" (PDF). Texas Almanac. Archived (PDF) from the original on October 9, 2022. Retrieved May 10, 2015.
  8. ^ a b "P2 HISPANIC OR LATINO, AND NOT HISPANIC OR LATINO BY RACE - 2020: DEC Redistricting Data (PL 94-171) - Shelby County, Texas". United States Census Bureau.
  9. ^ "P2 HISPANIC OR LATINO, AND NOT HISPANIC OR LATINO BY RACE - 2010: DEC Redistricting Data (PL 94-171) - Shelby County, Texas". United States Census Bureau.
  10. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved May 14, 2011.
  11. ^ ""Archived copy". Archived from the original on August 15, 2012. Retrieved July 30, 2012.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)." Greyhound Lines. Retrieved on July 29, 2012. NOTE: The information for Center appears as a pop-up window.
  12. ^ JR., HARPER, CECIL (June 15, 2010). "PATROON, TX". tshaonline.org. Retrieved July 30, 2018.
  13. ^ Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved July 30, 2018.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 31°47′N 94°08′W / 31.79°N 94.14°W / 31.79; -94.14