Orders, decorations, and medals of the Netherlands

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In the Dutch honours system, most orders are the responsibility of ministers of the Netherlands Government. The house orders, however, are awarded at the discretion of the Dutch monarch alone.

Over the centuries, hundreds of medals, decorations for merit or valour and orders of knighthood have been instituted by the successive governments of the Netherlands. The oldest were founded by the counts of Holland. Their successors, the House of Burgundy, founded the famous Order of the Golden Fleece. This order still exists in Spain and in the Austrian imperial House.

The Republic of the Seven United Netherlands did not possess an order of knighthood. Instead so called "Beloningspenningen", golden medals on golden chains, were given as gifts to ambassadors and successful admirals.

In 1781 a medal called the "Doggersbank medaille" was awarded to the officers who took part in the Battle of the Dogger Bank against the British fleet. It was the first modern Dutch decoration.

The Batavian Republic, founded after the French invasion of 1795, did not institute any orders or medals.

The Kingdom of Holland was founded in 1805 to provide a throne for Napoleon's younger brother Lodewijk Napoleon Bonaparte. The "King of Holland" founded an "Orde van de Unie", (English: Order of the Union, later dubbed "Order of Holland" then "Royal Order of Holland").

The first king of the Netherlands, William I, founded the Military Order of William and a civilian order, the Order of the Netherlands Lion.

His successors founded several orders of merit and some two hundred medals, stars and crosses. The Netherlands never established a colonial order for the Dutch East Indies.

Orders of chivalry[edit]

National orders of chivalry[edit]

Royal house orders[edit]

Other officially recognised orders of chivalry[edit]

The Kingdom of the Netherlands officially recognizes the following orders of chivalry:[1]

Royal Commemorative Medals[edit]

  • Queen Wilhelmina Investiture Medal 1898.gif Queen Wilhelmina Inauguration Medal, 1898 (Inhuldigingsmedaille 1898)
  • Royal Wedding Medal 1901.gif Wedding Medal of Queen Wilhelmina and Duke Henry of Mecklenburg-Schwerin, 1901 (Huwelijksmedaille 1901)
  • Royal Wedding Medal 1901.gif Royal Silver Wedding Medal, 1926 (Herinneringsmedaille 1926)
  • Queen Wilhelmina Investiture Medal 1898.gif Honor Guard Commemorative Medal, 1933 (Herinneringsmedaille 1933)
  • Royal Wedding Medal 1937..gif Wedding Medal of Princess Juliana and Prince Bernhard, 1937 (Huwelijksmedaille 1937)
  • Queen Juliana Investiture Medal 1948.gif Queen Juliana Inauguration Medal, 1948 (Inhuldigingsmedaille 1948)
  • Royal Wedding Medal 1937..gif Royal Silver Wedding Medal of Queen Juliana and Prince Bernhard, 1962 (Herinneringsmedaille 1962)
  • Royal Wedding Medal 1966.gif Wedding Medal of Princess Beatrix and Claus van Amsberg, 1966 (Huwelijksmedaille 1966)
  • Queen Beatrix Investiture Medal 1980.gif Queen Beatrix Inauguration Medal, 1980 (Inhuldigingsmedaille 1980)
  • Baton - Herinneringsmedaille bezoek aan de Nederlandse Antillen.jpg Netherlands Antilles Visit Medal, 1980 (Herinneringsmedaille bezoek aan de Nederlandse Antillen)
  • Royal Wedding Medal 2002.gif Wedding Medal of Willem-Alexander and Máxima Zorreguieta, 2002 (Huwelijksmedaille 2002)
  • King Willem-Alexander Investiture Medal 2013.gif King Willem-Alexander Inauguration Medal, 2013 (Inhuldigingsmedaille 2013)
  • Baton, Herinneringsmedaille Buitenlandse Bezoeken, Nederland.jpg Commemorative Medal for State Visits (Herinneringsmedaille Buitenlandse Bezoeken)

Decorations and medals[edit]

Other approved medals[edit]

  • Baton, Medaille van het Carnegie Heldenfonds.jpg Carnegie Hero Fund Medal (Medaille van het Carnegie Heldenfonds)
  • Vierdaagse Medal Bar.png Cross for the Four Day Marches (Vierdaagse kruis)
  • Baton, Nationale Vijfkampkruis van de Nederlandse Sport Federatie.jpg National Pentathlon Cross of the Dutch Sports Federation (Nationale Vijfkampkruis van de Nederlandse Sport Federatie)
  • Baton, Kruis van de Koninklijke Vereniging van Nederlandse Reserve-Officieren voor de Militaire Prestatietocht.jpg Military Performance Event Cross of the Royal Dutch Reserve Officers Association (Kruis van de Koninklijke Vereniging van Nederlandse Reserve-Officieren voor de Militaire Prestatietocht)
  • Khedives Star.png Medal for Proven Athletic Skill of the Dutch Olympic Committee (Medaille voor vaardigheidsproeven van het Nederlands Olympisch Comité)

References[edit]

  1. ^ "The Dutch Honours System" (PDF). lintjes.nl/. Chancellor of the Dutch Orders. Retrieved 15 October 2012.

Literature and sources[edit]

  • W.F. Bax, "Ridderorden, eereteekenen, draagteekens en penningen, betreffende de Weermacht van Nederland en Koloniën (1813-heden)", 1973
  • H.G. Meijer, C.P. Mulder en B.W. Wagenaar, "Orders and Decorations of the Netherlands", 1984
  • C.H. Evers, "Onderscheidingen", 2001
  • J.H. van Zelm van Eldik, "Moed en Trouw", 2003
  • O Schutte, De Orde van de Unie", 1985

External links[edit]