Orders, decorations, and medals of Malaysia

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The orders, decorations, and medals of Malaysia comprise a complex system by which Malaysians and qualified foreigners are honoured by the country's sovereign for actions or deeds that benefit their community or the country at large. Modelled on its British predecessor, the orders, decorations, and medals of Malaysia were created after formation of Malaysia. The honour system came to exist earlier during Federation of Malaya. During the British colonial times, honours were given under the British honour system. Johor was the first state to institute its own honours on 31 July 1880. Then, the other Malay states did the same.

The monarch is regarded as the fount of all honours—as he is the only person who may create new national honours—and acts as the Sovereign of all of Malaysia's orders; he will conduct inductions or present medals. In Malaysia, the monarch is the Yang di-Pertuan Agong, who also carries out investitures and distributes awards in the sovereign's name. As such, the administration of the honours system is carried out by the Ceremonial and International Conference Secretariat Division in Putrajaya, which is a part of the Prime Minister's Department. The Yang di-Pertuan Agong sets out via Office of the Keeper of the Rulers' Seal the Conference of Rulers' the order of precedence for the wearing of insignia, decorations, and medals.[clarification needed]

The honour system consists of two levels – Federal Honours and State Honours.

Federal orders, decorations, and medals[edit]

The Federal Honours are honours given by the Yang Di-Pertuan Agong to the military, police and civilians for service and special contributions to the country.[1][2][3][4][5][6]

Precedence and Honorifics[clarification needed]
Order Name (Malay) Post-nom Honorific
1 Seri Pahlawan Gagah Perkasa S.P.
2 Darjah Kerabat Diraja Malaysia D.K.M.
3 Darjah Utama Seri Mahkota Negara D.M.N.
4 Seri Maharaja Mangku Negara S.M.N. Tun
5 Seri Setia Mahkota Malaysia S.S.M. Tun
6 Darjah Bakti D.B.
7 Panglima Mangku Negara P.M.N. Tan Sri
8 Panglima Setia Mahkota P.S.M. Tan Sri
9 Panglima Jasa Negara P.J.N. Datuk
10 Panglima Setia Diraja P.S.D. Datuk
11 Johan Mangku Negara J.M.N.
12 Johan Setia Mahkota J.S.M.
13 Johan Setia Diraja J.S.D.
14 Kesatria Mangku Negara K.M.N.
15 Kesatria Setia Diraja K.S.D.
16 Ahli Mangku Negara A.M.N.
17 Pingat Pangkuan Negara P.P.N.
18 Bentara Setia Diraja B.S.D.
19 Panglima Gagah Berani P.G.B.
20 Jasa Perkasa Persekutuan J.P.P.
21 Pingat Tentera Udara P.T.U.
22 Pingat Kebaktian P.K.
23 Pingat Khidmat Berbakti P.K.B.
24 Pingat Perkhidmatan Setia P.P.S.
25 Kepujian Perutusan Keberanian K.P.K.
26 Pingat Perkhidmatan Am P.P.A.
27 Pingat Peringatan Malaysia P.P.M.
28 Pingat Negara Bangsa-Bangsa Bersatu P.N.B.B.
29 Pingat Jasa Malaysia P.J.M.
30 Pingat Pertabalan

     Light green denotes orders, decorations, and medals that are not open for nomination application.

Honorary orders and medals[edit]

Ribbon Name (English/Malay)[6] Ranks / Post-nom Instituted Awarded to/for
MY Warrior of Supreme Valour decoration (SP).svg The Star of Honour of the
Gallant and Valiant Warrior
Bintang Kehormatan Seri Pahlawan Gagah Perkasa
S.P. 29 July 1960 Founded by Tuanku Hisamuddin Alam Shah as the supreme award for gallantry in the face of enemy. Subsequent awards being denoted by the use of bars. Recipients and their widows receive state allowances.
MY Darjah Kerabat Diraja Malaysia - Royal Family Order of Malaysia - DKM.svg The Most Exalted and Most Illustrious
Order of the Royal Family of Malaysia
Darjah Yang Maha Mulia Utama Kerabat Diraja Malaysia
D.K.M. 18 April 1966 Founded by Tuanku Ismail Nasiruddin Shah. Limited to Malaysian rulers who became Yang di-Pertuan Agong and foreign Heads of State.
Limited to 10 recipients
MY Darjah Utama Seri Mahkota Negara (Crown of the Realm) - DMN.svg The Most Exalted
Order of the Crown of the Realm
Darjah Utama Seri Mahkota Negara
D.M.N. 16 August 1958 Founded by Tuanku Abdul Rahman as a reward to Malaysian rulers and their wives, foreign Heads of State and other distinguished individuals.
Limited to 15 recipients
MY Darjah Yang Mulia Pangkuan Negara (Defender of the Realm) - SMN.svg The Most Distinguished
Order of the Defender of the Realm
Darjah Yang Amat Mulia Pangkuan Negara
Grand Commander (S.M.N.)
Seri Maharaja Mangku Negara
16 August 1958 Founded by Tuanku Abdul Rahman as a reward for meritorious service to the country.
Limited to 25 recipients
MY Darjah Yang Mulia Pangkuan Negara (Defender of the Realm)- PMN.svg Commander (P.M.N.)
Panglima Mangku Negara
Founded by Tuanku Abdul Rahman as a reward for meritorious service to the country.
Limited to 75 recipients
MY Darjah Yang Mulia Pangkuan Negara (Defender of the Realm) - SMN.svg Companion (J.M.N.)
Johan Mangku Negara
Founded by Tuanku Abdul Rahman as a reward for meritorious service to the country.
Limited to 700 recipients
Officer (K.M.N.)
Kesatria Mangku Negara
Founded by Tuanku Abdul Rahman as a reward for meritorious service to the country
Member (A.M.N.)
Ahli Mangku Negara
Medal (P.P.N.)
Pingat Pangkuan Negara
9 August 1960 Founded by Tuanku Hisamuddin Alam Shah as a reward for meritorious service to the country
Order of Loyalty to the Crown of Malaysia - SSM.svg The Most Distinguished
Order of Loyalty to the Crown of Malaysia
Darjah Yang Mulia Setia Mahkota Malaysia
Grand Commander (S.S.M.)
Seri Setia Mahkota Malaysia
15 April 1966 Founded by Tuanku Ismail Nasiruddin Shah conferred in recognition of meritorious service in the civil service, those persons of high social standing, or those holding positions of authority.
Limited to 25 recipients
Order of Loyalty to the Crown of Malaysia - PSM.svg Commander (P.S.M.)
Panglima Setia Mahkota
Founded by Tuanku Ismail Nasiruddin Shah conferred in recognition of meritorious service in the civil service, those persons of high social standing, or those holding positions of authority.
Limited to 250 recipients
Order of Loyalty to the Crown of Malaysia - SSM.svg Companion (J.S.M.)
Johan Setia Mahkota
Founded by Tuanku Ismail Nasiruddin Shah conferred in recognition of meritorious service in the civil service, those persons of high social standing, or those holding positions of authority.
Limited to 800 recipients
MY Darjah Bakti - Order of Merit of Malaysia - DB.svg The Order of Merit
Darjah Bakti
D.B. 26 June 1975 Founded by Tuanku Abdul Halim Mu'adzam Shah as a reward for services to science, the arts, and to humanity.
Restricted to ten recipients of Malaysian nationality only
MY Darjah Jasa Negara - Order of Meritorious Service - PJN.svg The Distinguished Order of Meritorious Service
Darjah Yang Mulia Jasa Negara
Commander (P.J.N.)
Panglima Jasa Negara
2 May 1995 Founded by Tuanku Jaafar as a general reward for meritorious service.
Limited to 200 recipients
MY Panglima Setia Diraja - Order of the Royal Household - PSD.svg The Most Distinguished
Order of Loyalty to the Royal Family of Malaysia
Darjah Yang Amat Mulia Dihormati Setia Diraja
Commander (P.S.D.)
Panglima Setia Diraja
3 September 1965 Founded by Tuanku Syed Putra and awarded at the discretion of the Yang Di-Pertuan Agong. Modified and extended on 7 January 1993
Companion (J.S.D.)
Johan Setia Diraja
Officer (K.S.D.)
Kesatria Setia Diraja
1993
Herald (B.S.D.)
Bentara Setia Diraja
Malaysian Commemorative Medal ribbon.gif Malaysian Commemorative Medal
Pingat Peringatan Malaysia
Gold (P.P.M.)
Pingat Emas Peringatan Malaysia
1965 Founded by Tuanku Syed Putra as a reward for meritorious service in the formation of Malaysia in 1963
Silver (P.P.M.)
Pingat Perak Peringatan Malaysia
Bronze (P.P.M.)
Pingat Gangsa Peringatan Malaysia
Mention In Despatches
Kepujian Perutusan Keberanian
K.P.K. 1960 Founded by Tuanku Hisamuddin Alam Shah
Installation Medal of the Sultan of Terengganu
as 4th King of Malaysia
Pingat Pertabalan Yang di-Pertuan Agong ke-IV
1966 Founded by Tuanku Ismail Nasiruddin Shah to commemorate his installation as Yang di-Pertuan Agong
Installation Medal of the Sultan of Kedah
as 5th King of Malaysia
Pingat Pertabalan Yang di-Pertuan Agong ke-V
1971 Founded by Tuanku Abdul Halim Mu'adzam Shah to commemorate his installation as Yang di-Pertuan Agong
Installation Medal of the Sultan of Kelantan
as 6th King of Malaysia
Pingat Pertabalan Yang di-Pertuan Agong ke-VI
1976 Founded by Tuanku Yahya Petra to commemorate his installation as Yang di-Pertuan Agong
Installation Medal of the Sultan of Pahang
as 7th King of Malaysia
Pingat Pertabalan Yang di-Pertuan Agong ke-VII
1980 Founded by Tuanku Ahmad Shah to commemorate his installation as Yang di-Pertuan Agong
Installation Medal of the Sultan of Johor
as 8th King of Malaysia
Pingat Pertabalan Yang di-Pertuan Agong ke-VIII
1984 Founded by Tuanku Iskandar to commemorate his installation as Yang di-Pertuan Agong
Installation Medal of the Sultan of Perak
as 9th King of Malaysia
Pingat Pertabalan Yang di-Pertuan Agong ke-IX
1989 Founded by Tuanku Azlan Shah to commemorate his installation as Yang di-Pertuan Agong
Installation Medal of the Yang di-Pertuan Besar
of Negeri Sembilan
as 10th King of Malaysia
Pingat Pertabalan Yang di-Pertuan Agong ke-X
1994 Founded by Tuanku Jaafar to commemorate his installation as Yang di-Pertuan Agong
Installation Medal of the Sultan of Selangor
as 11th King of Malaysia
Pingat Pertabalan Yang di-Pertuan Agong ke-XI
1999 Founded by Tuanku Salahuddin Abdul Aziz Shah to commemorate his installation as Yang di-Pertuan Agong
Installation Medal of the Sultan of Kedah
as 14th King of Malaysia
Pingat Pertabalan Yang di-Pertuan Agong ke-XIV
2012 Founded by Tuanku Abdul Halim Mu'adzam Shah to commemorate his installation as Yang di-Pertuan Agong
Civil Defence Medal
Pingat Pertahanan Awam

Military orders and medals[edit]

Ribbon Name (English/Malay)[7][8] Ranks / Post-nom Instituted Awarded to/for
Order of Military Service (BAT).gif The Most Gallant Order of Military Service
Darjah Kepahlawanan Angkatan Tentera
Courageous Commander (P.G.A.T.)
Panglima Gagah Angkatan Tentera
16 September 1983 Founded by Tuanku Ahmad Shah to reward exceptional service in the Malaysian Armed Forces
Loyal Commander (P.S.A.T.)
Panglima Setia Angkatan Tentera
Warrior (P.A.T.)
Pahlawan Angkatan Tentera
Officer (K.A.T.)
Kesatria Angkatan Tentera
Herald (B.A.T.)
Bentara Angkatan Tentera
Star of the Commander of Valour.gif Star of the Commander of Valour
Panglima Gagah Berani
P.G.B. 29 July 1960 Founded by Tuanku Hisamuddin Alam Shah as a reward for extreme courage and gallantry in combat
Federation Gallantry Star ribbon medal.gif Federation Gallantry Star
Jasa Perkasa Persekutuan
J.P.P. 29 July 1960 Founded by Tuanku Hisamuddin Alam Shah as a reward for extreme courage and gallantry in combat[clarification needed]
Air Force Medal (ribbon).gif Air Force Medal
Pingat Tentera Udara
P.T.U. 17 July 1968 Founded by Tuanku Ismail Nasiruddin as a reward for members of the Royal Malaysian Air Force
Medal of Merit (ribbon).gif Medal of Merit
Pingat Kebaktian
P.K. 17 July 1968 Founded by Tuanku Ismail Nasiruddin as a reward for long service and good conduct
MYS Federation Active Service Medal.png Active Service Medal
Pingat Khidmat Berbakti
P.K.B. 29 July 1960 Founded by Tuanku Hisamuddin Alam Shah as a reward for long service and good conduct
MYS Federation Loyal Service Medal.png Loyal Service Medal
Pingat Perkhidmatan Setia
P.P.S. 29 July 1960 Founded by Tuanku Hisamuddin Alam Shah as a reward for loyalty to the military
Malaysia General Service Medal 1971.png General Service Medal
Pingat Perkhidmatan Am
P.P.A. 29 July 1960 Founded by Tuanku Hisamuddin Alam Shah as a reward for helping a civilian
United Nations Service Medal in the Congo (ribbon).gif United Nations Medal
Pingat Negara Bangsa-Bangsa Bersatu
P.N.B.B. 1994
Pingat Jasa Malaysia ribbon.png Malaysian Service Medal
Pingat Jasa Malaysia
P.J.M. 3 March 2004 Founded by Tuanku Syed Sirajuddin as a reward for soldiers, British and Commonwealth soldiers who participated in the Malayan Emergency and Indonesian-Malaysian Confrontation

Police orders and medals[edit]

Ribbon Name (English/Malay)[9] Ranks / Post-nom Instituted Awarded to/for
Pingat Kebesaran Polis.gif The Most Gallant Police Order
Darjah Kepahlawanan Pasukan Polis
Courageous Commander (P.G.B.P.P.}
Panglima Gagah Berani Pasukan Polis
1993 Founded by Tuanku Jaafar to reward exceptional services in Royal Malaysia Police
Loyal Commander (P.S.P.P.)
Panglima Setia Pasukan Polis
Warrior (P.P.P.)
Pahlawan Pasukan Polis
Officer (K.P.P.)
Kesatria Pasukan Polis
Herald (B.P.P.)
Bentara Pasukan Polis
Pingat Keberanian Polis.gif Police Gallantry Medal
Pingat Keberanian Polis
P.K.P. 1993 Founded by Tuanku Jaafar as a reward for taking life-risking situations.
Pingat Penganugerahan.gif Presentation of Police Colours Medal
Pingat Keanugerahan Polis
P.K. 1993 Founded by Tuanku Jaafar as a reward for participating in a parade during Police Day.

Scouts Association of Malaysia orders and medals[edit]

Ribbon Name (English/Malay)[10] Ranks / Post-nom Instituted Awarded to/for
Pahlawan.jpg Heroes' Star
Bintang Pahlawan
Exceptional services in Scouts Association of Malaysia
1PadiEmas.jpg

2PadiPerak.jpg
Star of the Paddy Spirit
Bintang Semangat Padi
First Class (Emas)
Second Class (Perak)
3RimbaEmasriben.jpg

4RimbaPerakRiben.jpg
Star of the Forest Spirit
Bintang Semangat Rimba
First Class (Emas)
Second Class (Perak)
Sayangsangat.jpg Scout Service Medal
Pingat Jasa Pengakap
P.J.P.
5Gemilang.jpg Medal for Magnificent Service
Pingat Perkhidmatan Gemilang
P.P.G.
6Cemerlang.jpg Medal for Distinguished Service
Pingat Perkhidmatan Cemerlang
P.P.C.
2Setia.jpg Medal for Loyal Service
Pingat Perkhidmatan Setia
P.P.S. Not less than ten years service
Cemerlang2.jpg Medal for Excellent Service
Pingat Perkhidmatan Baik
P.P.B. Not less than five years service
Lemasma.jpg Medal for Long Service
Pingat Perkhidmatan Lama
P.P.L. Not less than twenty years service
SKKPN.jpg Chief Scout's Commendable Certificate
Sijil Kepujian Ketua Pengakap Negara
S.K.K.P.N.
FriendshipMalaysia.jpg Friendship Award
Pingat Persahabatan
First Class (F.A. Gold)
Second Class (F.A. Silver)

St. John Ambulance of Malaysia orders and medals[edit]

Ribbon Name (English/Malay)[11] Ranks / Post-nom Instituted Awarded to/for
The Eminent Order of Loyalty
Darjah Setia Utama
Exceptional services in St. John Ambulance of Malaysia
Order of Supreme Merit
Darjah Bakti Perkasa
The Splendid Service Medal
Pingat Jasa Gemilang
The Meritorious Service Medal
Pingat Jasa Terpuji
The Life-Saving Medal
Pingat Gagah Berani
Gold
Silver
Bronze
100th Anniversary Commemorative Medal
Pingat Peringatan Ulang Tahun ke-100
Gold 2008 To commemorate the 100th Anniversary of St. John Ambulance of Malaysia
Silver
Bronze
Five Years Service Medal
Pingat Perkhidmatan Tahun Kelima
Gold 2008 To recognize five years of service of a member of St. John Ambulance of Malaysia

States and federal territories orders, decorations, and medals[edit]

The Malaysian states each have their own internal honours system, though they differ in some ways from their federal counterpart. Johor was the first to create its own honour in 1880. However, after the establishment of the Malaysian honours system in 1963, other states moved to initiate their own systems after the federal government refused to do so on their behalf. An agreement was eventually reached on the placement of the state honours in the Malaysian order of precedence for orders, decorations, and medals.

Imperial and foreign honours[edit]

State honours bestowed upon a Malaysian by a foreign government must be approved by the Government of Malaysia before the insignia, decoration, or medal may be worn.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Bahagian Istiadat dan Urusetia Persidangan Antarabangsa". www.istiadat.gov.my (in Burmese). Government of Malaysia. Retrieved 2018-08-26.
  2. ^ 2016 Order of Precedence for Federal Orders, Decorations, and Medals
  3. ^ Table and details
  4. ^ General visual table of decorations
  5. ^ Susunan Keutamaan Darjah Kebesaran, Bintang dan Pingat Persekutuan
  6. ^ a b Colecciones Militares, 1 & 2
  7. ^ Malaysian Military awards, army.mod.gov.my. (In Malay). Retrieved 20 March 2014.
  8. ^ Colecciones Militares, Malaysian Armed Forces
  9. ^ Colecciones Militares, Royal Malaysia Police
  10. ^ Colecciones Militares, Scouts Association of Malaysia
  11. ^ Colecciones Militares, St. John Ambulans Malaysia