Delitzsch

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For Franz Delitzsch, German theologian and Hebraist, see Franz Delitzsch.
Delitzsch
View over old town
View over old town
Coat of arms of Delitzsch
Coat of arms
Delitzsch   is located in Germany
Delitzsch
Delitzsch
Coordinates: 51°31′35″N 12°20′33″E / 51.52639°N 12.34250°E / 51.52639; 12.34250Coordinates: 51°31′35″N 12°20′33″E / 51.52639°N 12.34250°E / 51.52639; 12.34250
Country Germany
State Saxony
District Nordsachsen
Government
 • Mayor Dr. Manfred Wilde (Ind.)
Area
 • Total 83.57 km2 (32.27 sq mi)
Population (2014-12-31)[1]
 • Total 24,911
 • Density 300/km2 (770/sq mi)
Time zone CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Postal codes 04509
Dialling codes 034202
Vehicle registration TDO, DZ, EB, OZ, TG, TO
Website www.delitzsch.de

Delitzsch (German pronunciation: [ˈdeːlɪtʃ], Slavic: delč or delčz for hill) is a town in the Free State of Saxony in Germany. With more than 26,000 inhabitants, it is the largest town in the district of Nordsachsen.

Archaeological evidence outside the town limits points to a settlement dating from the Neolithic Age. The first documented mention of Delitzsch dates from 1166 and it later became the elector's residence in the 17th and 18th centuries. The old town is well preserved, with several plazas, citizens' and patrician houses, towers, a baroque castle and the town's fortifications.

Delitzsch and its surrounding area contain water areas, hiking and cycling networks and nature reserves.

Geography[edit]

Location[edit]

Delitzsch is located in the northwestern part of Nordsachsen in Saxony, at an altitude of 94 meters above sea level. Due to its location on the border with Saxony-Anhalt, Delitzsch is the northernmost town in Saxony. It is situated on the north heath and recreation area Goitzsche which extends across the Saxony-Saxony-Anhalt border to Bitterfeld-Wolfen. To the east is the spa town of Bad Düben, which is the starting point for the Düben Heath.

The total size of the urban area is 83.57 square kilometres (32.27 square miles). The north-south extension is 10 kilometres (6 miles) and the east-west extension 8.3 kilometres (5.2 miles). The border communities are Löbnitz, Schönwölkau, Rackwitz and Neukyhna clockwise called from the north of town.

The graphic below shows the main towns and cities around Delitzsch and their distance from downtown Delitzsch. They are located in the districts Nordsachsen, Anhalt-Bitterfeld or in the cities of Leipzig and Halle on the Saale.

Districts[edit]

Name of the District Area
in km²
Population at September 2011
(Main domicile)[2]
Density
inhabitants/km²
Delitzsch
with Gertitz, Kertitz and Werben
38.04 20,974 551
Beerendorf 2.38 585 246
Benndorf 3.62 382 106
Brodau 3.16 314 99
Döbernitz 1.17 833 712
Laue 5.22 203 39
Poßdorf 7.78 66 8
Rödgen 4.12 224 54
Schenkenberg 2.43 832 342
Selben 3.33 664 199
Spröda 6,42 287 45
Storkwitz 3.59 150 42
Zschepen 2.31 407 176
Overall 83.57 25,921 310

History[edit]

Delitzsch was founded as a town around 1200 AD (according to chronicles) and became recognized as a city in 1300 AD. Both before and after its founding, the city fought off many invaders: first the Slavic tribes who had lived there before the city was founded and then, later, in the Thirty Years' War (1618-1648), the Swedes. A legend arose from this final encounter with the Swedes, saying that when the Swedes reached the river Lober, the tower warden's daughter spied them and blew a trumpet, allowing the citizens of the town to get to safety and prepare, and as a result the invaders were defeated. Every year there is a historical fair (medieval style) to celebrate this victory over the Swedes and, during the fair, shopping centers are open on Sundays.

As a result of the Congress of Vienna in, Delitzsch was granted to Prussia from the Kingdom of Saxony. A district of Delitzsch was established for administrative purposes.

In World War II (1939 - 1945), only one building, the station, was burned, minimal damage in comparison with many other German urban centers.

According to a 1996 census, Delitzsch had more than 27,000 inhabitants.

Historical Population[edit]

1747 - 1999[edit]

(using town boundaries as at the time)

Date Population
1747 390 houses, 70 ½ Oxgangs
1789 2,500
1818 2,953
31 December 1837 ¹ 4,332
31 December 1841 ¹ 4,533
31 December 1871 ¹ 8,111
31 December 1880 ¹ 8,225
31 December 1890 ¹ 8,949
31 December 1895 ¹ 9,560
31 December 1910 ¹ 13,031
31 December 1925 ¹ 14,892
Date Population
31 December 1933 ¹ 16,476
31 December 1938 17,931
31 December 1939 ¹ 18,016
29 October 1946 25,148
31 August 1950 ² 24,195
31 December 1960 22,892
31 December 1964 23,336
31 December 1970 24,435
31 December 1980 25,248
31 December 1984 27,953
31 December 1988 28,384
Date Population
31 December 1990 27,051
31 December 1991 26,534
31 December 1992 26,249
31 December 1993 25,828
31 December 1994 ² 26,045
31. December 1995 25,762
31 December 1996 ² 25,579
31 December 1997 27,235
31 December 1998 26,963
31 December 1999 26,704

¹ Census
² Merging districts

Source: Statistisches Landesamt des Freistaates Sachsen[3]

2000 - present[edit]

(using town boundaries as at the time)

Date Population Moving in Moving out Births Deaths Change
31 December 2000 26,331 933 1251 203 258 -373
31 December 2001 25,774 891 1366 197 279 -557
31 December 2002 25,573 1202 1322 195 276 -201
31 December 2003 25,287 998 1150 170 306 -286
31 December 2004 ¹ 28,001 990 1070 209 328 -197
31 December 2005 27,780 925 1026 203 324 -221
31 December 2006 27,521 885 982 179 341 -259
31 December 2007 27,181 875 1107 232 341 -340
31 December 2008 26,958 961 1069 202 316 -223
31 December 2009 26,532 801 1078 198 348 -426
31 December 2010 26,344 853 899 212 355 -188
Census 2011
(new basis of calculation)
Date Population Moving in Moving out Births Deaths Change
9 May 2011 25,361 - - - - -
31 December 2011 25,162 852 1023 216 357 -312
31 December 2012 25,148 1116 962 183 349 -12
31 December 2013 25,005 954 992 204 317 -151
31 December 2014 ? ? ? ? ? ?

¹ Merging districts

Source: Statistisches Landesamt des Freistaates Sachsen[4]

Politics[edit]

Town council[edit]

The town council consists of the lord mayor and the number prescribed by the local order of 30 town councillors. Every five years, the town council is chosen anew; the next election is in 2014. The constituting meeting of the new-elective advice always takes place in the conference hall of the city hall. The current makeup has been in place since the last local election (held on the 7th of June 2009, with an election turnout of 50.47%), and is constituted as follows:

Party percentage of votes 2009 seats percentage of votes 2004 seats
CDU 34.9 percent 11 43,2 percent 14
SPD 20.5 percent 7 19,0 percent 6
FWG 14.6 percent 4 9,2 percent 2
FDP 4.6 percent 1 4,7 percent 1
The Left
(PDS)
18.9 percent 6 23,9 percent 7
NPD 3.8 percent 1 - -

Mayor[edit]

Historian Manfred Wilde won the mayoral election in 2008 with 60.2 percent of the votes cast.

Coat of Arms[edit]

The emblem of the town Delitzsch combines two different arms, the house of Wettin or tribal emblem and the County of the Mark Meissen. It shows two upright poles blue (Landsberger piles) that are in a golden box, and this split in three parts. In the middle of the main shield of the emblem can be seen in an inclined position as a means to shield Meissen black lion on a golden shield. The middle blade is tilted forward, and so the lion appears as upright as possible, or borders. He has two tail tuft, with their division begins in the middle of the tail, which should point to the Mark Meissen County. As an accessory, the coat of arms (1526 introduced) a fluttering ribbon bearing the inscription: "Secretum civium in delitzsch" (loosely translated: Privy Seal of Delitzsch).

Twinning[edit]

City State Country Year
Friedrichshafen Baden-Württemberg Baden-Württemberg Germany Germany 1990
Monheim am Rhein North Rhine-Westphalia North Rhine-Westphalia Germany Germany 1990
Ostrów Wielkopolski POL województwo wielkopolskie flag.svg Greater Poland Voivodeship Poland Poland 2000

Traffic[edit]

Road[edit]

To the west of the town the national roads B183a and B184 intersect.

Rail transport[edit]

Delitzsch has an "upper station" with two platforms and a "lower station" with three tracks. Both stations are in the tariff zone 165 of the regional public transport network. Since December 2008 go to two stations in addition to the trains of Deutsche Bahn (DB) and trains of the Central German regional train (MRB). The trains of the MRB go on all routes in the hour just like the trains of the DB, but usually about 30 minutes at the lower station and 60 minutes added at the upper station. Delitzsch is accessible in regional transport, place the other connections in Leipzig and Halle.

Air traffic[edit]

Leipzig/Halle Airport is located 14 miles (23 km) southwest of Delitzsch.

Local businesses[edit]

The most important industries in Delitzsch included the sugar and confectionery industry. Currently, the Delitzscher Chocolate Factory (acquired on 1 October 2008 by the Halloren Chocolate Factory AG), the EuroMaint Rail GmbH (former rail car plant SFW Delitzsch GmbH), URSA Insulation and the Smurfit Kappa Corrugated board plant are the major industrial employers. Most of these big companies are located in the industrial area on the south-west side.

Due to the EU production quotas for sugar, the sugar factory (Südzucker) was shut down in 2001.

Lignite mining was discontinued in the early 1990s, the remaining mines are planned to be a system of lakes and heathland in an arc from the southwest to the north.

Sights[edit]

Breiter Turm in the Delitzscher old town
  • Baroque Castle Delitzsch with Lustgarten, former widow of travel and residence of the Dukes of Saxony-Merseburg
  • Kennel gardens, terraced green space created between the city wall and moat (since 2010 re-opened)
  • Weir made from the 14th and 15th century city with two towers, the defensive wall, the water-filled moat
  • Rose Garden
  • City Church of St. Peter & Paul, brick church of the 15th century with significant high altar
  • Schulze-Delitzsch-memorial to Hermann Schulze
  • Executioner house in which lived since 1619 in charge of the executioner Delitzsch
  • Writers House, former home and the workplace of the town clerk, now a gallery
  • City Park in recovery wells
  • Zoo Delitzsch

Sports[edit]

Among the many sports clubs in North Saxony district town, among other things, the annual sporting events like the LVZ Bicycle Ride, Delitzsch moves or the old town race. More than 13 sports clubs are based in the region of Delitzsch. Some of the clubs:

  • 1. SV Concordia Delitzsch
  • NHV Concordia Delitzsch 2010 e.V. (second handball club)
  • GSVE Delitzsch 1995 e.V. (volleyball club)
  • Delitzscher Sportfüchse 1995 e.V. (judo club)
  • 1.FC Delitzsch 2010 e.V. (football club)
  • RV Germania Delitzsch 1891 e.V. (bicycle club)
  • Korean Tigers 1989 e.V. (Taekwondoverein)
  • Delitzscher tennis club 1921 e.V.
  • Badminton club Delitzsch
  • Dive club Delitzsch 1958 e.v.

Education[edit]

Christian-Gottfried-Ehrenberg-Grammar School

The first school was built around 1426 as a boys school and was expanded in the 16th century to cater for girls. Today more than 3,500 students learn in ten public and three private schools. These include three primary schools, two Mittelschulen (secondary schools), one grammar school, two colleges and two special schools. The School of Music, the Adult high school and the acting school are private schools.

  • Primary schools
    • Primary school Diesterweg
    • Primary school on Rosenweg
    • Primary school Delitzsch-East
  • Middle schools
    • Artur Becker- Middle School
    • Middle School Delitzsch-North
  • Grammar school
    • Christian-Gottfried-Ehrenberg-Grammar School
  • Technical and vocational schools
    • School of Social Sciences
    • Vocational School Dr. Hermann Schulze-Delitzsch
  • Special schools
    • Special Educationscool Rödgen - school for mentally disabled
    • Pestalozzischool – school to promote learning
  • Other schools
    • Delitzsch Music School
    • Theatre Academy Saxony (Acting School)
    • Adult high school

Famous Delitzschers[edit]

  • Christian Gottfried Ehrenberg (1795-1876), bioscientist who co-discovered the use of bacteria in medicine
  • Lucas Brandis (c. 1450-1500) and his brothers, Moritz, Mark, and Matthew Brandis († after 1512), important early book printers
  • Erasmus Schmidt (1570-1637), mathematician and philologist.
  • Christian Saalbach (1653-1713), professor and poet, born in the district Schenkenberg
  • Ernst Friedrich Pfotenhauer (1771-1843), jurist
  • Carl August Ehrenberg (1801-1849), botanist and plant collector
  • Hermann Schulze-Delitzsch (1808-1883), founder of the German cooperative system and politician, was born in the house market 11 (plaque). In 1848 as Prussian delegate he added the city name to his to be better distinguished from other delegates by this name.
  • Clementine Helm (1825-1896), children's and youth book author
  • Bernhard Förster (1843-1889), high school teacher, cultural critic and husband of Elizabeth (Forester) Nietzsche
  • Paul Fürbringer (1849-1930), physician
  • Walter Tiemann (1876-1951), book artist and graphic designer
  • Max Bruning (1887-1968), painter, born in the house market 20
  • Erich Bauer (1890-1970), student historians
  • Anna Zammert (1898-1982), German politician and Gewerkschaftsfunktionärin
  • Helmut Schreyer (1912-1984), German telecommunications specialist, inventor and professor at the Technical College of the Brazilian army in Rio de Janeiro
  • Eberhard Ruhmer (1917-1996), art historian and curator, son of the city minister Wilhelm Ruhmer
  • Joachim Fritsche (born 1951), football player in the East German league and played from 1973 to 1977 in the GDR national team
  • Lutz Mack (born 1952), gymnast
  • Siegfried Mehnert (born 1963), boxer
  • Katrin Huss (born 1969), moderator

External links[edit]

Media related to Delitzsch at Wikimedia Commons

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Aktuelle Einwohnerzahlen nach Gemeinden 2014] (Einwohnerzahlen auf Grundlage des Zensus 2011)" (PDF). Statistisches Landesamt des Freistaates Sachsen (in German). 7 September 2015. 
  2. ^ Registration office of the town of Delitzsch
  3. ^ Statistisches Landesamt des Freistaates Sachsen: Regionalregister Sachsen: Delitzsch
  4. ^ Statistisches Landesamt des Freistaates Sachsen: Regionalregister Sachsen: Delitzsch